Aoste, Isère

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Aoste
Centre of Aoste: The church and the Town Hall
Centre of Aoste: The church and the Town Hall
Aoste is located in France
Aoste
Aoste
Coordinates: 45°35′20″N 5°36′32″E / 45.589°N 5.609°E / 45.589; 5.609Coordinates: 45°35′20″N 5°36′32″E / 45.589°N 5.609°E / 45.589; 5.609
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement La Tour-du-Pin
Canton Le Pont-de-Beauvoisin
Intercommunality Les Vallons du Guiers
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Roger Marcel
Area
 • Land1 9.82 km2 (3.79 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 2,463
 • Population2 density 250/km2 (650/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 38012 / 38490
Elevation 207–256 m (679–840 ft)
(avg. 226 m or 741 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aoste is a French commune in the Isère department in the Rhône-Alpes region of southeastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aostiens or Aostiennes, alternatively Dutards or Dutardes[1]

Geography[edit]

Aoste is located some 15 km east of La Tour-du-Pin and 8 km north-east of Les Abrets. Access is by the D1516 road from La Batie-Montgascon in the west passing through the village and continuing north-east to Champagneux. The D82F also runs off this road just west of the village and goes north-west to Corbelin. The D40 road from Les Avenieres in the north passes down the eastern side of the commune and continues to Romagnieu. The D592 branches off the D40 on the northern border and goes south to the village continuing to Chimilin in the south. Apart from the village there are also the hamlets of Saint-Didier in the north at the intersection of the D592 and the D40, and Les Champagnes in the east which is really an extension of the urban area of Saint-Genix-sur-Guiers across the border. The rest of the commune is entirely farmland except for the large industrial complex of Jambon d'Aoste north of the village.

The eastern border of the commune is formed by the Guiers river which flows north to join the Rhône which forms the north-eastern border of the commune. The Rhône is the border between Isère and Ain departments while the Guiers is the border between Isère and Savoie departments. The Bièvre river also flows through the west of the commune from the south forming the northern border before joining the Rhone. Numerous other small waterways join the Bièvre.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

In 2006, archaeological excavations unearthed a pottery workshop dating from the late Middle Ages.[3]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1789 1790 Antoine Roche
1790 1792 Joseph Billiard
1792 1797 Joseph Comte
1797 1799 André Servoz
1799 1835 Pierre Pillion
1835 1844 Claude Meraud
1844 1848 Louis Chevalier
1848 1853 Guillaume-Alfred de Laforest-Divonne
1853 1855 Louis Chevalier
1855 1870 Guillaume-Alfred de Laforest-Divonne
1870 1876 Prosper Comte
1876 1878 Guillaume-Alfred de Laforest-Divonne
1878 1888 Louis Bovier-Lapierre
1888 1895 Charles Darragon
1895 1904 Augustin Blanc-Jolicoeur
1904 1935 Daniel Blanc-Jolicoeur
1935 1943 Joseph Guetat
1943 1944 Georges Masset
1944 1947 Pierre Fege
1947 1977 Daniel Joseph Blanc-Jolicoeur
1977 1983 Aimé Burtin
1983 1991 Jacques Perrod
1991 2002 Jean-Michel Ruynat
2002 2014 Raymond Bertrand

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 2,463 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,393 1,464 1,680 1,766 1,153 1,152 1,147 1,100 1,222
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,237 1,129 1,130 1,123 1,166 1,217 1,242 1,200 1,203
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,298 1,216 1,163 1,027 1,101 1,118 1,125 1,108 1,159
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
1,182 1,248 1,328 1,537 1,548 1,715 1,914 2,463 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aoste

Economy[edit]

Jambon Aoste[edit]

The Aoste Ham Factory

The pork products produced in Isère department and especially the Jambon Aoste (Aoste Ham) are manufactured exclusively in this Groupe Aoste factory which was owned by the industrial group Sara Lee Corporation who ceased their activities in deli products and resold the operation to the American buyer Smithfield Foods through which it passed to the Chinese group Shuanghui in September 2013.

These industrial products with the "Jambon Aoste" label should not be confused with the official name "Vallée d’Aoste Jambon de Bosses" which is a ham produced in the Aosta Valley (An Italian/French Valley) and which has a protected designation of origin. The Ham products produced in Isère have a simple trademark and no Label rouge, AOC or PDO regulates its production of cooked or raw ham, unlike the Italian Aosta ham which is a vintage handmade product made in very small quantities.[5]

Sites and Monuments[edit]

Church at Saint-Didier
  • Ancient Roman settlement with an oven and many relics and an archaeological museum.[6]
  • Aosta church with Gallo-Roman Votive offerings.
  • Romanesque church of Saint-Didier.

Protected Natural Areas[edit]

The commune has two natural zones of ecological interest, fauna and flora of type I:[7]

  • the alluvial areas of the Rhône du Pont de Groslée à Murs-et-Gélignieux
  • the Pools of Paluette

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Isère (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Report on activity of Inrap in 2006, p. 112 (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France
  5. ^ Jambon Aoste website (French)
  6. ^ Museum website (French)
  7. ^ Communal data portal, Regional Directorate of the Environment, Planning, and Housing (French)