Aowin

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Aowin is a tribe in Ghana. They live at the northern part of the Western region of Ghana, close to the Ivory Coast Boarder. The Aowin are an Akan people. In very ancient days the Aowins lived in Egypt. From Egypt they came to Senegal and made the way South-wards through the Sahara desert and arrived at Tokuso. In present Ghana the Aowins remember settling in Takyiman. According to Nana Atta Kweku, the people then kept on fighting their way to arrive finally at the present site of the Aowins. Many places were passed and a number of camps were pitched during the march downwards. At Anyaayan the Aowin parted ways with the Nzimas with whom they had a common origin. One point to be noted is that the Aowins on the other side of the Ghana Ivory border are Aowins. When the Aowins moved downwards, the 'Ivory Coast Aowins’ fought for the land they occupy, and the Ghana Aowins also got theirs through warfare. What happened was that the 'Ivory Coast Aowins’ announced their 'booty’ to their Ghana counterpart and asked them what they should do. So they were advised to stay there and keep the land whilst their Ghana kin kept the present traditional area of the Aowins in Ghana. As far as the entire group was concerned, the whole land acquired by both sides was one indivisible piece for Aowins. Then came the historical fact of the world wars and the artificial boundaries between Ghana and Ivory Coast resulting in the creation of a separate community over the border. Although this boundary is still there all the Aowins regarded themselves as one unit. Bogor, Chinchaga, and Amperegro, are all Aowins. Nana Atta Kweku, the present Omanhene of the Aowin traditional area claims to have crossed the boundary twice, since he became the paramount chief, to see his people over in the Ivory Coast area. Much as he desires to have a reunion of the Aowins over the border with his people in Ghana, the "artificial boundary" has made this wish unrealizable. Nevertheless, the idea of a union someday is not abandoned. This in brief is how the great grand sires of present Aowin arrived where they are today. Their original home as far as is remembered, was Egypt. They trekked down to Senegal, Tokuso, then down through the Sahara desert to Ghana (Takyiman) and later they arrived at the present site.

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In very ancient days the Aowins lived in Egypt. From Egypt they came to Senegal and made their way southwards through the Sahara desert and arrived at a place called Tokuso.  The lineage of Oyoko clan who founded the Aowin were then at Sessiman in Bono. In present Ghana, they settled at the western shore of the Ofin River.  Their immediate neighbours were the Denkyira. When the state of Bono – Manso was undergoing various tensions particularly pressure from Mande people, they moved southwards with other tribes to the Adansi. From adansi they settled at Juaben. One of the subgroups of Anyi (Aowin) is the Afema people (the people leaving along the banks of Ofin river). They retained that name for the memory of living on the banks of Ofin River. Both oral and written evidence indicate that until the rise of Akan states of Denkyira and Asante the most powerful state in the south western region of Ghana was Aowin. It was until 1677 that the Denkyira succeeded in bringing Aowin under its rule. Even so the Denkyira victory did not much affected the power of Aowin since all that the victorious power was interested in was to obtain free passage to its traders to and from Aowin to collect it annual tribute. The evidence would seem to suggest that by the 1690 Aowin had not only regain its former power but had embark on a policy of economic and political expansion which was to bring it face to face with the rising power of Asante  in 1710’s. it control over the sources of gold and the trade roughs to the northern market of Begho and coastal town of Apollonian was one of the caused which led to the Asante-Aowin war of 1715.