Ap Lei Chau
Ap Lei Chau (Chinese: 鴨脷洲; Cantonese Yale: aap3 lei6 jau1), or Aberdeen Island, is an island of Hong Kong, located south-west of Hong Kong Island, next to Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel, with an area of 1.30 km². Administratively, it is part of Southern District. Ap Lei Chau is the second most densely populated island in the world.
A map dating from the Ming Dynasty shows the island. On this map is marked the village of Heung Kong Tsuen, lit. Hong Kong Village (香港村). It is probably where the name of Hong Kong originates from.
Ap Lei Chau shelters Aberdeen Harbour, creating an excellent typhoon shelter, and was a fishing village before the First Opium War. As a consequence of the Treaty of Nanking, it was ceded to the British together with Hong Kong Island in 1841. Since then, little attention had been placed on this small island.
In 1968, Hongkong Electric opened a power station on the island to provide electricity for the whole of Hong Kong Island. In 1980, a bridge was constructed to connect the island to the Hong Kong Island and brought momentum for rapid economic development. Public housing estates were built to accommodate people who suffered in a fire in the Aberdeen shelter.
In 1989, the power station was relocated to Lamma Island. The old power station was then demolished and the site was re-developed into the South Horizons residential area with the aid of land reclamation.
Geography and demographics 
Ap Lei Chau was named after the shape of the island, which looks like the tongue of a duck. Ap means duck, Lei means tongue, and Chau means island. The northern part has the highest population, while the southern part of the island is less densely populated.
The highest hill on the island is Yuk Kwai Shan (玉桂山; aka. Mount Johnston), with an altitude of 196 m.
It comprises four main residential estates — Lei Tung Estate, Ap Lei Chau Main Street, Ap Lei Chau Estate and South Horizons, each of which comprises several highrise towers. There is an industrial estate on the southern tip of the island.
The population of Ap Lei Chau is 86,782 as of 2007, and its area is 1.30 km², giving it a population density of 66,755 people / km², making it the third most densely populated island in the world.
Places of interest 
The Hung Shing Temple located on Hung Shing Street, off Main Street, Ap Lei Chau, is a notable site. Dating back to 1773, it is the oldest temple in the Aberdeen and Ap Lei Chau areas. It is a Grade I historic building. The Shui Yuet Temple aka. Kwun Yum Temple is located at No. 181 Main Street, Ap Lei Chau. Dedicated to Guan Yin, it was built at the end of the 19th century. It is a Grade III historic building.
The site of the temple is nearly opposite the site of the former Aberdeen police station. Clearly chosen for its feng shui, the superior dragons were seen as being protection from the 'threat of the tiger's jaw' from the police station. Although the police station is now gone, the dragons are still seen as enduring feng shui guards.
The island is known for being the location of 8th Estate Winery, the first winery in Hong Kong.
The road connection between Ap Lei Chau and Hong Kong Island is by Ap Lei Chau Bridge with four lanes. It opened in 1983 with only two lanes and was widened to four in 1994.
Buses are the main form of transport for the residents in Ap Lei Chau. There are five bus termini in total on the island:
- Ap Lei Chau Estate
- Ap Lei Chau Industrial Estate
- Ap Lei Chau Main Street
- Lei Tung Estate
- South Horizons
The MTR South Island Line is under construction linking the North of Hong Kong Island to Ap Lei Chau. There will be two stations on the island, one "Lei Tung" for Lei Tung Estate and one "South Horizons" serving Marina Square, a mini mall with a food market, and South Horizons, a private estates covering the western edge of the island. The line is expected to be completed in 2015.
See also 
- Survey and Mapping Office
- District Council Election 2007 - Southern. The sum of the population in constituency areas D02 to D07
- Island Superlatives
- Ap Lei Chau Formation
- Chinese Temples Committee website - Hung Shing Temple, Ap Lei Chau
- Chinese Temples Committee website - Shui Yuet Temple, Ap Lei Chau
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ap Lei Chau|