Apache County, Arizona
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|Apache County, Arizona|
Location in the state of Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 24, 1879|
|Named for||Apache people|
|• Total||11,218 sq mi (29,054 km2)|
|• Land||11,198 sq mi (29,003 km2)|
|• Water||21 sq mi (54 km2), 0.2%|
|• Density||6.4/sq mi (2/km²)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Transportation
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Education
- 6 Communities
- 7 Notable residents
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Apache County was formed during the Tenth Territorial Legislation in 1879 out of the eastern section of Yavapai County; officially all land east of 119^o 45'. By 1895, Navajo County and parts of Graham, Greenlee and Gila Counties would be formed from this land. The county seat was initially placed in the town of Snowflake, but was moved a year later to St. Johns. From 1880 to 1882, the county seat was temporarily in Springerville before being returned to St. Johns.
A history of the area, written in 1896, records the following about Apache County.
- Apache County was created in 1879 and lies in the northeastern corner of the Territory. Until March, 1895, it also embraced what is now Navajo County, but at that date the latter was set apart and established as a separate county. Apache County is justly noted for its great natural resources and advantages. It is destined some day in the early future to have a large agricultural population. Now, immense herds of cattle and flocks of sheep roam over its broad mesas and its fertile valleys. The Navajo Indians occupy the northern part of the county-in fact, occupy much of the remainder of the county, as they refuse to remain on their reservation, preferring to drive their sheep and cattle on lands outside their reservation, where the grazing is better. The southern part is a fine grazing country, while the northern part is cut up into picturesque gorges and canons by the floods of past centuries.
In the late 1880s, the county Sheriff was Old West gunfighter legend Commodore Perry Owens. At that time, the county covered more than 21,177 square miles (54,850 km2) in territory. In September, 1887, near Holbrook in what is now Navajo County, Owens was involved in one of the Old West's most famous gunfights, when he killed three men and wounded a fourth while serving a warrant on outlaw Andy Blevins/Andy Cooper, an active participant in a raging range war, later dubbed the Pleasant Valley War.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 11,218 square miles (29,050 km2), of which 11,198 square miles (29,000 km2) is land and 21 square miles (54 km2) (0.2%) is water. The county is the third-largest county by area in Arizona and the sixth-largest in the United States (excluding boroughs and census areas in Alaska).
Apache County contains parts of the Navajo Indian Reservation, the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, and Petrified Forest National Park. Canyon de Chelly National Monument is entirely within the county.
Apache County is one of two US counties (the other being Wayne County, West Virginia) to border two counties of the same name, neither of which is in the same state as the county itself (San Juan County, Utah and San Juan County, New Mexico).
Apache County has the most land designated as Indian reservation of any county in the United States. (Coconino County, Arizona and Navajo County, Arizona are a close second and third.) The county has 19,857.34 km2 (7,666.96 sq mi) of reservation territory, or 68.34 percent of its total area. The reservations are, in descending order of area within the county, the Navajo Indian Reservation, the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, and the Zuni Indian Reservation, all of which are partly located within the county.
National protected areas
- Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (part)
- Canyon de Chelly National Monument
- Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site
- Petrified Forest National Park (part)
The following public use airports are located in Apache County:
- Chinle - Chinle Municipal Airport (E91)
- Springerville - Springerville Municipal Airport (D68)
- St. Johns - St. Johns Industrial Air Park (SJN)
- Window Rock - Window Rock Airport (RQE)
Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:
- 72.9% Native American
- 23.3% White
- 5.8% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
- 2.0% Two or more races
- 1.3% Other races
- 0.3% Asian
- 0.2% Black
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
As of the census of 2000, there were 69,423 people, 19,971 households, and 15,257 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 31,621 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.88% Native American, 19.50% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.13% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.75% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 4.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 58.39% reported speaking Navajo at home, while 38.39% speak English and 2.71% Spanish .
There were 19,971 households out of which 43.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 21.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.41 and the average family size was 4.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 38.50% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 18.70% from 45 to 64, and 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $23,344, and the median income for a family was $26,315. Males had a median income of $30,182 versus $22,312 for females. The per capita income for the county was $8,986. About 33.50% of families and 37.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.80% of those under age 18 and 36.50% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.
Apache County is one of only 38 county-level census divisions of the United States where the most spoken language is not English and one of only 3 where it is neither English nor Spanish. 58.32% of the population speak Navajo at home, followed by English at 38.34% and Spanish at 2.72%.
In 2000, the largest denominational group was the Catholics (with 19,965 adherents). The largest religious bodies were The Catholic Church (with 19,965 members) and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (with 8,947 members).
Primary and secondary schools
The following School districts serve Apache County:
- Alpine Elementary School District
- Chinle Unified School District
- Concho Elementary School District
- Ganado Unified School District
- McNary Elementary School District
- Red Mesa Unified School District
- Round Valley Unified School District
- Sanders Unified School District
- St Johns Unified School District
- Vernon Elementary School District
- Window Rock Unified School District
In addition several other schools, including charter schools and tribal schools operated by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs's Office of Education Programs, serve the county.
The Apache County Library District, headquartered in St. Johns, operates public libraries in the county. The branches include Alpine Public Library (unincorporated area), Concho Public Library (unincorporated area), Greer Memorial Library (unincorporated area), Round Valley Public Library (Eagar), Sanders Public Library (unincorporated area), St. Johns Public Library (St. Johns), and Vernon Public Library (unincorporated area).
The Dr. Peterson Zah Library & Museum is located in Window Rock, Arizona. The library is the biggest one in the Navajo Nation, and centrally located to provide service to all residents within the Navajo Nation.
- Del Muerto
- Fort Defiance
- Many Farms
- Oak Springs
- Red Mesa
- Red Rock
- Rock Point
- Rough Rock
- Round Rock
- St. Michaels
- Teec Nos Pos
- Wide Ruins
- Window Rock
County Population Ranking
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Population (2010 Census)||Municipal type||Incorporated|
|4||† St. Johns||3,480||City||1879|
|16||Teec Nos Pos||730||CDP|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Walker, Henry (1986). "Historical Atlas of Arizona", p.32. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. ISBN 978-0806120249.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "County Membership Reports". thearda.com. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
- "Home." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011. "Apache County Library District PO Box 2760 30 South 2nd West St Johns, AZ 85936"
- "Alpine Public Library." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- "Concho Public Library." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- "Greer Memorial Library." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- "Round Valley Public Library." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- "Sanders Public Library." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- "St. Johns Public Library." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- "Vernon Public Library." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
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|Navajo County||San Juan County, New Mexico, McKinley County, New Mexico, Cibola County, New Mexico, and Catron County, New Mexico|
|Greenlee County and Graham County|