Apatity

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Apatity (English)
Апатиты (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Apatity and Khibiny mountains.JPG
Apatity and Khibiny Mountains
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Apatity is located in Murmansk Oblast
Apatity
Apatity
Location of Apatity in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 67°34′N 33°24′E / 67.567°N 33.400°E / 67.567; 33.400Coordinates: 67°34′N 33°24′E / 67.567°N 33.400°E / 67.567; 33.400
Coat of Arms of Apatity (Murmansk oblast) (1973).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of April 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Apatity Town with Jurisdictional Territory[1]
Administrative center of Apatity Town with Jurisdictional Territory[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2004)
Urban okrug Apatity Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Apatity Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Mikhail Antonov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 59,672 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 276th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1935[5]
Town status since July 7, 1966[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 184209
Dialing code(s) +7 81555[citation needed]
Official website
Apatity on WikiCommons

Apatity (Russian: Апатиты; IPA: [əpʌˈtʲitɨ]) is a town in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located along the Murman Railway between Lake Imandra and the Khibiny Mountains, 23 km (14 mi) west of Kirovsk and 185 km (115 mi) south of Murmansk, the administrative center of the oblast. The town is named after one of its most abundant natural resources in the area, apatite, the raw mineral used in the production of phosphorus mineral fertilizers. Population: 59,672 (2010 Census).[3]

History[edit]

The passing loop of Bely (разъезд Бе́лый) on the Leningrad-Murmansk Railway was built in 1926 and the settlement of Apatity was founded in 1930. It was classified as an urban locality by the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) Resolution of August 20, 1935, when the settlement of pri sovkhoze "Industriya" was merged into Apatity and it was granted work settlement status.[8]

Many of the early settlers in the Apatity area were former "rich peasants" from several regions of Northwestern Russia, resettled to Murmansk Oblast as part of Stalin's Dekulakization program. Members of certain ethnic minorities were deported to Apatity as well.[9]

On January 6, 1966, the Murmansk Oblast Executive Committee petitioned to transform the work settlement of Molodyozhny in jurisdiction of Kirovsk into a town under oblast jurisdiction called Khibinogorsk and on subordinating a part of the area in Kirovsk's jurisdiction to it.[6] The petition was reviewed by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR, which, however, decreed on July 7, 1966 to merge the work settlements of Molodyozhny and Apatity into a town under oblast jurisdiction, which would retain the name Apatity.[6] Consequently, the Murmansk Oblast Executive Committee subordinated a part of the territory in Kirovsk's jurisdiction to the new town by the decision of October 13, 1966.[6]

By the November 29, 1979 Decree by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR, Kovdorsky District was formed from the parts of the territory in Apatity's jurisdiction.[6] The work settlement of Polyarnye Zori subordinated to Apatity was elevated in status to that of a town under oblast jurisdiction by another Decree of April 22, 1991.[6] A part of the territory in jurisdiction of Apatity was also transferred to Polyarnye Zori by the Decision of the Presidium of the Murmansk Oblast Soviet of People's Deputies of May 16, 1991.[6]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated as Apatity Town with Jurisdictional Territory—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Apatity Town with Jurisdictional Territory is incorporated as Apatity Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

The main employer of Apatity is JSC "Apatit", the largest mining and concentrating enterprise in Europe and Russia. Other employers include the Kola Science Center of the Russian Academy of Science and various state and private enterprises.

The joint civilian-military Kirovsk-Apatity Airport is located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) southeast of the town.

Demographic evolution[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Museum of Investigation and Development History of the European North of Russia (International Cultural Center of KSC RAS);
  • Museum of regional studies and history (municipal);
  • Geological museum (KSC RAS);
  • Mineralogical museum (The Institute of Geology KSC RAS)

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Apatity is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #96-01-ZMO
  2. ^ a b c Law #532-01-ZMO
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 22. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 57–58
  7. ^ Local post office http://www.russianpost.ru/PostOfficeFindInterface/FindOPSByPostOfficeID.aspx?index=184209
  8. ^ Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 49–50
  9. ^ M.P. Ilyina, "Этого забыть нельзя" (This cannot be forgotten), in "Спецпереселенцы в Хибинах : Спецпереселенцы и заключенные в истории освоения Хибин : (книга воспоминаний)" ('Special settlers' in the Khibins: Special settlers and convicts in the history of the developments of the Khibins). The Khibiny Branch of the Memorial Society, Apatity, 1997, pp. 112-113
  10. ^ a b c Mojgorod Encyclopedia. Entry on Apatity (Russian)
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Altas vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Alta municipality. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №96-01-ЗМО от 6 января 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1704-01-ЗМО от 20 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Мурманской области». Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №10, стр. 3, 16 января 1998 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #96-01-ZMO of January 6, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1704-01-ZMO of December 20, 2013 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Murmansk Oblast. ).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №532-01-ЗМО от 2 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе муниципального образования город Апатиты с подведомственной территорией». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №234, стр. 3, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #532-01-ZMO of December 2, 2004 On the Status of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Apatity with Jurisdictional Territory. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". 

External links[edit]