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In Hinduism, Apaurusheya (IAST: Apauruṣeya), Sanskrit, meaning "not the work of man", is used to describe the Vedas, the main scripture in Hinduism. This implies that the Vedas are not authored by human but were divine creation. Apaurusheya shabda ("words not created by mankind") is an extension of apaurusheya which refers to the Vedas.
Apaurusheya is a central concept in the Vedanta and Mimamsa schools of Hindu philosophy. These schools accept the Vedas as svatah pramana ("self-evident means of knowledge"). These schools accept that the Vedas were "heard" by the Rishis. The Mimamsa school asserts that since the Vedas are composed of words (shabda) and the words are composed of phonemes, the phonemes being eternal, the Vedas are also eternal. To this, if asked whether all words and sentences are eternal, the Mimamsa philosophers reply that the rules behind combination of phonemes are fixed and pre-determined for the Vedas, unlike other words and sentences. The Vedanta school also accepts this line of argument.
- A Hindu View of the World: Essays in the Intellectual ... - Page 18
- From Bharata to India: Chrysee the Golden - Page 91 Vedas are sanatan (eternal) and apaurusheya not composed by human entity but uttered by Paramatma at the beginning of every cosmic cycle of Brahma and heard (shruti) by the Great Rishis during intense meditation..
- The Spiritual Heritage Of India by Prabhavananda (Swami.) - 2003 - Page 25 The Vedas, on the other hand, are said to be apauruseya, which means divine in origin.
- The Arya Samaj Movement in South Africa by Thillayvel Naidoo - 1992 - Page 96 The Vedas on the other hand are said to be Apauruseya. not of human composition, and constitute a Divine Knowledge given by God to all men who strive for it.
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