Executive Chairman of Apex Hotels, Norman Springford, was previously an employee of the Inland Revenue and owner/operator of a number of public houses, bingo halls, and the Edinburgh Playhouse. In 1996 Norman opened his first hotel, the Apex International Hotel, in Edinburgh. The group now own 8 UK hotels across London, Edinburgh and Dundee. In recent years, Apex Hotels re-opened the historic Waterloo Hotel on Edinburgh's Waterloo Place in March 2009, and converted a former office block on Copthall Avenue near London Wall into the Apex London Wall Hotel in November 2009. The newest hotel development is the Apex Temple Court Hotel at Serjeant's Inn on Fleet Street, which opened in March 2012.