Apex of the heart
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|Apex of the heart|
Diagram showing relations of opened heart to front of thoracic wall.
Ant. Anterior segment of tricuspid valve.
A O. Aorta.
A.P. Anterior papillary muscle.
In. Brachiocephalic artery (Innominate).
L.C.C. Left common carotid artery.
L.S. Left subclavian artery.
L.V. Left ventricle.
P.A. Pulmonary artery.
R.A. Right atrium.
R.V. Right ventricle.
V.S. Ventricular septum.
The apex of the heart is the lowest superficial part of the heart. Auscultation at the apex is associated with mitral valve closure.
Alternately, it can be found about 4 cm below and 2 cm to the medial side of the left mammary papilla.
- Apex+of+heart at eMedicine Dictionary
- Anatomy photo:20:05-0104 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Heart: Sternocostal Surface of the Heart"
- Anatomy diagram: 02101.002-2 at Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator, Elsevier
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