phonetics, apheresis ( ; / / British English: aphaeresis) is the loss of one or more sounds from the beginning of a word, especially the loss of an unstressed vowel.
Etymology [ edit ]
Apheresis comes from
Greek ἀφαίρεσις from ἀπό apo, "away" and αἱρέω haireo, "to take."
Apheresis as a historical sound change [ edit ]
In historical phonetics, the term "apheresis" is often but not always limited to the loss of an unstressed vowel. The
gives this particular kind of apheresis the name Oxford English Dictionary aphesis (from Greek ἄφεσις). / /
Loss of any sound [ edit ]
Loss of an unstressed vowel [ edit ]
Greek epískopos > Vulgar Latin * ebiscopus > Old English bisceop ‘bishop’ English
acute > cute
Middle English Egipcien > gipcyan, gipsen ‘Gypsy’ [1 ] English
amend > mend English
escape + goat > scapegoat [2 ]
Old French e(s)vanisse > Middle English vanisshen ‘vanish’ Old French
estable > English stable Old French
estrange > English strange English
esquire > squire
Greek Assyria > Syria
Aphaeresis as a poetic device [ edit ]
it is > poetic ’tis English
upon > ’pon
Aphaeresis in informal speech [ edit ]
está > stá or tá[?] (" is" and " yes/ok./, ins't?/, aren't?" for the second contracted form) English oath
God's truth > Familiar Australian English exclamation strewth English
America > 'murica
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Online Etymology Dictionary, Gypsy. Retrieved 2010-07-13.
^ Online Etymology Dictionary, Scapegoat. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
Bibliography [ edit ]
Crowley, Terry (1997).
An Introduction to Historical Linguistics. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press.