Aphonopelma

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Aphonopelma
Aphonpelma spp 1.jpg
Male Aphonopelma sp., likely A. iodius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Theraphosidae
Subfamily: Theraphosinae
Genus: Aphonopelma
Pocock, 1901
Type species
A. seemanni
(F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)
Species

see text

Diversity
90 species
Synonyms

Apachepelma Smith, 1995
Chaunopelma Chamberlin, 1940
Delopelma Petrunkevitch, 1939
Dugesiella Pocock, 1901
Gosipelma Chamberlin, 1940
Rhechostica Simon, 1892

Aphonopelma is a genus of tarantulas, members of which are native to the Americas. It includes nearly all of the North American tarantulas north of Mexico and a considerable part of the tarantulas which range into Central America. Only a few species are described from South America. About 90 species have been described, but many, if not most, of these are inadequately studied and very little is known about them. Most are large and, like other New World tarantulas, they have urticating hairs. Most are docile in captivity. The taxonomy is poorly understood and species are difficult to tell apart, especially those that are brown or black without other pattern. In captivity they will eat crickets, in the wild they will eat most smaller insects. Most species found in the Southwestern United States have an adult leg span of 4.5 inches (11.5 cm), though some Arizona species have been known, on occasion, to just barely exceed 6 inches (16 cm).

The type species is Aphonopelma seemanni or Zebra Tarantula (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897), which has striped legs. This species produces silk from spinnerets on the feet as well as in the abdomen.[1]

Species[edit]

List alphabetically.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gorb, SN; Niederegger S; Hayashi CY; Summers AP; Votsch W; Walther P (Sep 28, 2006). "Biomaterials: silk-like secretion from tarantula feet". Nature 443 (7110): 407. doi:10.1038/443407a. PMID 17006505. 
  2. ^ Aphonopelma, EoL

External links[edit]