Aphrodite Urania (Ancient Greek: Οὐρανία) was an epithet of the Greek goddess Aphrodite, signifying "heavenly" or "spiritual", to distinguish her from her more earthly aspect of Aphrodite Pandemos, "Aphrodite for all the people". The two were used (mostly in literature) to differentiate the more "celestial" love of body and soul from purely physical lust. Plato represented her as a daughter of the Greek god Uranus, conceived and born without a mother. According to Hesiod, she was born from the severed genitals of Uranus and emerged from the sea foam. Wine was not used in the libations offered to her. According to Herodotus, the Arabs called this aspect of the goddess "Alitta" or "Alilat" (Ἀλίττα or Ἀλιλάτ).
- Schmitz, Leonhard (1870). "Urania 3.". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 3. Little, Brown and Company. p. 1284.
- Plato, Symposium
- Xenophon, Symposium 8. § 9.
- Hesiod, Theogony 188–206
- Scholiast, ad Soph. Oed. Col. 101
- Herodotus, i. 105
- Suda, s.v. νηφάλια
- Herodotus, i. 131., iii. 8
- Schmitz, Leonhard (1870). "Alitta". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 1. Little, Brown and Company. p. 132.
- Freese, John Henry (1911). "Aphrodite". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 167.
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