Apinac

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Apinac
Apinac vue générale.JPG
Apinac is located in France
Apinac
Apinac
Coordinates: 45°22′54″N 3°59′49″E / 45.3817°N 3.9969°E / 45.3817; 3.9969Coordinates: 45°22′54″N 3°59′49″E / 45.3817°N 3.9969°E / 45.3817; 3.9969
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Loire
Arrondissement Montbrison
Canton Saint-Bonnet-le-Château
Intercommunality Pays de Saint-Bonnet-le-Château
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Philippe Bransiet
Area
 • Land1 15.35 km2 (5.93 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 392
 • Population2 density 26/km2 (66/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 42006 / 42550
Elevation 796–1,055 m (2,612–3,461 ft)
(avg. 940 m or 3,080 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Apinac is a village and commune in the Loire department in central France. Apinac is in the extreme south-west of the Loire department, 41.7 kilometres (25.9 mi) southwest of Saint-Étienne. The church, dated to the 19th century, is noted for its colorful stained glass windows. As of 2009, the commune had 392 inhabitants. A local dialect, Vivaro-Alpine, is also spoken in Ardèche or the Southern Alps.

History[edit]

Stained glass window of Apinac church

According to the mayor of Estivareilles, in 1839, the residents of four hamlets in the commune of Apinac voted to become part of Estivareilles rather than Apinac, their reasoning being that not only had they always buried their dead in Estivareilles rather than Apinac but "since time immemorial", they had been spiritually connected with Estivareilles rather than Apinac.[1] In 1881, it had a population of 1,120 people.[2] In 1982, Apinac had a population of 355,[3] with 392 reported in 2009.[4] The principal church dates to the 19th century and is noted for its vibrant stained glass windows. Catholic worship was sanctioned to be held at the Apinac church by the Catholic Church of France.

Geography[edit]

Apinac is located in the extreme south-west of the Loire department, 41.7 kilometres (25.9 mi) southwest of Saint-Étienne, 5.6 kilometres (3.5 mi) southeast of Usson-en-Forez, 5.4 kilometres (3.4 mi) south of Estivareilles, and 6.1 kilometres (3.8 mi) by road to the northwest of Saint-Hilaire-Cusson-la-Valmitte.[5] It belongs to the Canton of Saint-Bonnet-le-Château, Saint-Bonnet-le-Château being 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) to the northeast.[6] The altitude of the commune varies between 796–1,055 metres (2,612–3,461 ft), with 940 metres (3,080 ft)[2][3] cited in the centre of the main village. The hamlets of Jossy, Combreau, Fontry, and Le Breuil are near the village of Apinac.[5]

Climate[edit]

Climate in Apinac is temperate and hot. Rainfall is recorded all through the year and the average rainfall is 787 millimetres (31.0 in). The lowest average rainfall is recorded during driest month of February while the average maximum rainfall is 92 millimetres (3.6 in), reported in June. The average annual temperatures vary from a maximum of 16.2 °C (61.2 °F) in July to a minimum of −2 °C (28 °F) in January. The average annual temperature is however 7.8 °C (46.0 °F).[7]

Climate data for Apinac (Average monthly temperature)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 37.8
(3.2)
39.9
(4.4)
47.1
(8.4)
52.5
(11.4)
59.7
(15.4)
67.6
(19.8)
72
(22)
71.1
(21.7)
65.3
(18.5)
55
(13)
45.3
(7.4)
38.8
(3.8)
72
(22)
Average low °F (°C) 25.7
(−3.5)
26.2
(−3.2)
16.3
(−8.7)
34.9
(1.6)
41.2
(5.1)
39.6
(4.2)
65.3
(18.5)
64.8
(18.2)
46.8
(8.2)
39.6
(4.2)
47.8
(8.8)
28.2
(−2.1)
16.3
(−8.7)
Source: [7]

Demographics[edit]

In 2007, Apinac had a population of 370 people. There were 168 households of which 56 were sole proprietorships (24 men and 32 women living alone), 60 couples without children, 44 couples with children and 8 single-parent families with children. There were 353 houses, of which 166 were the main family home, 146 were second homes, and 41 were not occupied. 323 were houses and 25 were flats. Of 166 main residences, 135 were occupied by their owners, 24 were leased and occupied by tenants, and 7 were given gratuitously.[8]

The population has evolved according to the following chart:

Economy[edit]

Apinac Church

In 2007, the population of working age consisted of 222 people; 151 were active and 71 were inactive. Of the 151 active, 141 were occupied (81 men and 60 women) and 10 were unemployed. Of the 71 inactive, 34 were retired, 15 were students, and 22 were classified as "other inactive". In 2009, the median annual income tax was €16,310 per person.[9]

Of the 13 establishments that were in Apinac in 2007, there was one food company, six construction companies, three trade companies, one transport company, one real estate company, and one service company. As of 2009, it had three shops, including a bakery. In 2000, there were 25 farms in the commune of Apinac, occupying a total of 558 hectares (1,380 acres).[10]

Attractions[edit]

A heritage building dated to 1893 is near the village. The isolated house on the highland at an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) has been refurbished.[11]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lehning, James R. (28 April 1995). Peasant and French: Cultural Contact in Rural France During the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge University Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-521-46770-4. 
  2. ^ a b Bedoin, Maurice (1985). Le Pays Stéphanois, la Vallée de l'Ondaine. Ed. Horvath. p. 186. ISBN 978-2-7171-0332-8. 
  3. ^ a b Conterie, Françoise de La (1989). Les noms de lieux en -ac dans l'ancien diocèse du Puy. Condamunes et Matourets. p. 36. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Commune d'Apinac (42006)". INSEE. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Google Inc. "Apinac". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?ll=45.3817,3.9969&q=loc:45.3817,3.9969&hl=en&t=h&z=12. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  6. ^ Société d'agriculture, industrie, sciences, arts et belles-lettres du département de la Loire (1879). Annales. p. 143. 
  7. ^ a b "Climate: Apinac". Climate Data organization. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Résumé". INSEE. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Revenus fiscaux des ménages en 2010". INSEE. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  10. ^ "Exploitations agricoles". INSEE. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Apinac Site centre permanent" (in French). Official website of Apinac. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 

External links[edit]