Apis mellifera cypria

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Apis mellifera cypria is a mediterranean bee sub-species of the European honey bee species. Known commonly as the Cyprus honey bee, otherwise as A.m.cypria Pollmann 1879 [1]

Behaviour[edit]

This bee tends not to swarm.[2][3][4]

In a 2008 study, the growth rate of colonies was observed to be at the least during the hottest month, while the most growth occurred during a month with temperature closer to the yearly average (or slightly above).[5][6]

Defense[edit]

Papachristoforou et al found that in the presence of the predatory oriental hornet (Vespa orientalis) the bees initially generate an acoustic response,[7] further reacting to eliminate the insect by asphyxiation.[8]

Taxonomy[edit]

A genetically separate group from the Greek bee sub-species,macedonica and cecropia (Bouga et al. 2005),[9] is (mtD.N.A) related to A.m.Anatoliaca and meda. (Kandemir et al. 2005).[10]

By morphometric analysis [11] the sub-species is determined as belonging to the Oriental branch of the Apis genus.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b I. Kandemir, M.D.Meixner, A.Ozkan, S.W.Sheppard (references ten studies) [(apimondia.com website) MORPHOMETRIC, ALLOZYMIC AND MTDNA VARIATION IN HONETBEE (APIS MELLIFERA CYPRIA POLLMANN 1879) IN NORTHERN CYPRUS]. Standing Commission of Bee Biology APIMONDIA JOURNAL. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  2. ^ AmericasBeekeeper website [Retrieved 2011-12-21] → website References Retrieved 2012-02-08
  3. ^ Wimbledonbeekeepers - Glossary [Retrieved 2011-12-21] → Wimbledon Beekeepers Association website Retrieved 2012-02-08
  4. ^ encyclo.co.uk website [Retrieved 2011-12-21][unreliable source?][dead link]
  5. ^ cyprusisland.com website [Retrieved 2011-12-21][unreliable source?]
  6. ^ Παπαχριστοφόρου, Α. (2008) phdtheses.ekt.gr website defensive behaviour of the cyprian honeybee apis melifera cypria against the oriental hornet vespa orientalis [Retrieved 2011-12-21]
  7. ^ Papachristoforou, A.; Sueur, Jérôme; Rortais, A.; Angelopoulos, S.; Thrasyvoulou, A.; Arnold, G. (2008). "High frequency sounds produced by Cyprian honeybeesApis mellifera cypriawhen confronting their predator, the Oriental hornetVespa orientalis". Apidologie 39 (4): 468. doi:10.1051/apido:2008027. 
  8. ^ Papachristoforou, A.; Rortais, A.; Zafeiridou, G.; Theophilidis, G.; Garnery, L.; Thrasyvoulou, A.; Arnold, G. (2007). "Smothered to death: Hornets asphyxiated by honeybees". Current Biology 17 (18): R795–6. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.07.033. PMID 17878045. 
  9. ^ Bouga, M.; Kilias, G.; Harizanis, P. C.; Papasotiropoulos, V.; Alahiotis, S. (2005). "Allozyme Variability and Phylogenetic Relationships in Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apis mellifera) Populations from Greece and Cyprus". Biochemical Genetics 43 (9–10): 471–83. doi:10.1007/s10528-005-8163-2. PMID 16341763. 
  10. ^ Kandemir, I.; Meixner, M. D.; Ozkan, A.; Sheppard, W. S. (2006). "Genetic characterization of honey bee (Apis mellifera cypria) populations in northern Cyprus". Apidologie 37 (5): 547. doi:10.1051/apido:2006029. 
  11. ^ School of Informatics within the City University (London) plus The School of Life sciences at the University of Sussex Centre for Advanced Microscopy [Retrieved 2011-12-21]