From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Apitoxin, or honey bee venom, is a bitter colourless liquid; its active portion a mixture of proteins, which causes local inflammation and acts as an anticoagulant. A honeybee can inject 0.1 mg of venom via its stinger. It may have similarities to sea nettle toxin.[1]

Components of Apitoxin[edit]

The main component is melittin amounting to 52% of venom peptides.[2]

Bee venom therapy[edit]

Bee venom therapy is used by some as a treatment for rheumatism and joint diseases due to its anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is also used to desensitize people allergic to insect stings. Bee venom therapy can also be delivered in the form of a balm although this may be less potent than using live bee stings.[4] Bee venom can be found in numerous beauty products. It is believed to increase blood flow therefore plumping the applied area, producing collagen. This effect aids in smoothing out lines and wrinkles.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Czarnetzki, B. M.; Thiele, T.; Rosenbach, T. (February 1990). "Evidence for leukotrienes in animal venoms". The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 85 (2): 505–509. doi:10.1016/0091-6749(90)90162-W. PMID 1968071.  Closed access
  2. ^ Meier J, White J. (1995). Clinical toxicology of animal venoms and poisons. CRC Press, Inc. ISBN 0-8493-4489-1. 
  3. ^ Adolapin
  4. ^ "Treatment with Bee Venom". 
  5. ^ "Top 5 Weird Ingredients Found In Beauty Products". 

External links[edit]