Apium

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Apium
Illustration Apium graveolens0.jpg
Apium graveolens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Apium
L.
Species

See text

Apium (including celery and the marshworts) is a genus of about 20 species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, with a subcosmopolitan distribution in Europe, Asia, Africa, South America and Australia. They are medium to tall biennial or perennial plants growing wet ground (marshes and salt marshes). They grow up to 1 m high and have pinnate to bipinnate leaves and small white flowers in compound umbels. Some species are edible, notably Apium graveolens, which includes the commercially important vegetables celery, celeriac and Chinese celery. Apium bermejoi from the island of Minorca is one of the rarest plants in Europe, with fewer than 100 individuals left.[1]

The genus is the type genus of the family Apiaceae and the order Apiales.

Species include:

Apium species, including garden celery, are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Angle Shades, Common Swift, Hypercompe icasia, The Nutmeg, Setaceous Hebrew Character and Turnip Moth.

Lesser marshwort, Apium inundatum

References[edit]

  1. ^ IUCN Redlist: Apium bermejo.
  2. '^ "'Apium annuum". FloraBase. Department of Environment and Conservation, Government of Western Australia. 
  3. ^ "Apium graveolens". FloraBase. Department of Environment and Conservation, Government of Western Australia. 
  4. ^ "Apium insulare". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  5. ^ "Apium prostratum". FloraBase. Department of Environment and Conservation, Government of Western Australia. 

External links[edit]