Apocynum

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Apocynum
Apocynum androsaemifolium USDA.jpg
Apocynum cannabinum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Apocynum
L.
Species

See text.

Synonyms[1]
  • Apocynastrum Heist. ex Fabr.
  • Cynopaema Lunell
  • Poacynum Baill.
  • Trachomitum Woodson

Apocynum, commonly known as dogbane and Indian hemp, is a genus of the plant family of the Apocynaceae with seven species. Its name is from the Greek: apo, away and cyno, dog,[2] attributed to its toxicity. The genus occurs throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, except for western Europe. It is also milkweed's lookalike.

Apocynum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the mouse moth and the Queen butterfly.

Selected species

Uses[edit]

Apocynum cannabinum was used as a source of fiber by Native Americans. Apocynum venetum (Chinese: 羅布麻) is used as an herbal tea in China.[3] Dogbane contains cymarin, a cardiotonic agent used to treat cardiac arrhythmia in humans.[4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]