Apodora

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Apodora
Apodora papuana 2.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Pythonidae
Genus: Apodora
Kluge, 1993
Species: A. papuana
Binomial name
Apodora papuana
(Peters & Doria, 1878)
Synonyms
  • Apodora - Kluge, 1993

  • Liasis papuanus - Peters & Doria, 1878
  • Liasis papuanus - Boulenger, 1893
  • Liasis papuanus - Boulenger, 1895
  • Liasis tornieri - Werner, 1897
  • Liasis olivaceus papuanus - Stull, 1935
  • Liasis maximus - Werner, 1936
  • Liasis papuano - Werner, 1936
  • Liasis papuanus - McDowell, 1975
  • Lisalia papuana - Wells & Wellington, 1985
  • Morelia papuana - Underwood & Stimson, 1990
  • Apodora papuana - Kluge, 1993 [1]
Common names: Irian python, Papuan python.

Apodora is a monotypic genus created for the non-venomous python species, A. papuana, found in New Guinea. No subspecies are currently recognized.[2]

Description[edit]

A large snake, with adults growing to lengths of over 5 m (17 feet). However, they are not nearly as heavy bodied as other pythons, weighing in at no more than about 22.5 kg (50 lb). They are noted for having the ability to change color, though the exact mechanism and reasons for it are not completely understood, they can vary from black to a mustard yellow, but are normally an olive green in appearance when young and dark olive when older, with the sides and underside distinctly lighter.

Geographic range[edit]

Found in most of New Guinea, from Misool to Fergusson Island. The type locality given is "Ramoi Nova Guinea austro-occidentiali" (Ramoi, near Sorong, Irian Jaya, Indonesia).[1]

Behavior[edit]

Largely terrestrial and mostly nocturnal. Despite their size and impressive strength, they are relatively inoffensive animals and are not prone to bite even if handled.

Feeding[edit]

Their diet consists primarily of smaller mammals, but they are also known to be partly ophiophagous, sometimes consuming other snakes.

Captivity[edit]

The Papuan Python is not commonly available in the exotic pet trade, and when they are available they command high prices. They are a relatively hardy species that adapts well to captivity, readily feeding in commercially available rats. Captive breeding has been done.

Taxonomy[edit]

This species was once classified in the genus Liasis, as well as Morelia, but was eventually moved to its own genus due to distinctive morphological characteristics.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ "Apodora". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 9 September 2007. 

External links[edit]