|Directed by||K. Balachander|
|Produced by||V. Govindarajan
|Written by||K. Balachander|
|Music by||M. S. Viswanathan|
|Cinematography||B. S. Lokanath|
|Edited by||N. R. Kittu|
|Distributed by||Kalakendra Movies|
|Release dates||18 August 1975|
|Running time||146 minutes|
Apoorva Raagangal (Rare Melodies) is a 1975 Indian Tamil social drama film directed by K. Balachander. The film was controversial upon release as it examines relationships between people with wide age gaps, which challenged Indian social mores. It won three National Film Awards and three Filmfare Awards South. It was later remade by Balachander into Hindi as Ek Nai Paheli with Kamal Haasan and Hema Malini in the main lead. The film marked the debut of Rajinikanth. Apoorva Raagangal released on 18 August 1975 and was a success. It is dubbed into Telugu as Mondi Gatam. It is also remade into Telugu as Thoorpu Padamara.
Prasanna (Kamal Haasan) is nursed back to health by a classical singer Bhairavi (Srividya) after a bloody street-side fight. The two are slowly drawn to each other and decide to marry in spite of their age difference and a past relationship that Bhairavi is still inextricably tied to. In the meantime, Prasanna's father (Major Sundararajan) embarks on a relationship with the young Ranjini (Jayasudha). We soon find out that Ranjini is Bhiaravi's daughter (born to her out of wedlock). Both relationships arrive at a dilemma with an unexpected twist when Bhairavi's long-lost husband (Rajinikanth) comes into picture.
- Kamal Hassan as Prasanna
- Major Sundarrajan as Mahendran
- Srividya as M. R. Bhairavi
- Jayasudha as Ranjani
- Nagesh as Dr.Soori
- Rajinikanth as Pandiyan (Abaswaram)
- Y. G. Mahendran (Special appearance)
- Kannadasan (Special appearance)
- Jaishankar (Special appearance)
|"Athisaya Raagam"||K. J. Yesudas||04:15|
|"Ezhu Swarangalukkul"||Vani Jayaram||5:36|
|"Kai Kotti Siripaargal"||Siak Mohammed||2:54|
|"Kelviyin Nayagane"||Vani Jayaram, Sasi Rekha||6:44|
Apoorva Ragangal received widespread critical acclaim. On 22 August 1975, The Hindu said: "K. Balachander has contributed a unique story, dialogues and superb direction in Kala Kendra's Apoorva Ragangal. A film with a revolutionary offbeat theme it provides poetic experience."
In 2011, after Balachander had been given the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, Rediff named the film one of Balachander's best and wrote, "Many filmmakers of that time would have hesitated to touch a subject like this, particularly at a time when relationships were still being gingerly tested on celluloid. But not K Balachander". In 2003, Rediff wrote, "In an era where every other moviemaker claims to have come up with a daring, original, premise, this 28-year-old film is worth remembering. A trademark K Balachander film, this was the first to showcase Kamal’s histrionic abilities".
- National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil — D. Jayalakshmi, G. Vijayalakshmi (Producers) and K. Balachander (Director)
- National Film Award for Best Cinematography — B. S. Lokanath
- National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer — Vani Jayaram
- Filmfare Award for Best Film – Tamil — D. Jayalakshmi, G. Vijayalakshmi
- Filmfare Award for Best Director – Tamil — K. Balachander
- Filmfare Award for Best Actor – Tamil — Kamal Haasan
- "ESSAY: The Paradox of K Balachander". Film Impressions. 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "rediff.com: Playing Kamal Haasan's love interest". Specials.rediff.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- Rajnikant: The Definitive Biography - Naman Ramachandran - Google Books. Books.google.de. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "Why Rajinikanth Rocks". Forbes India. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
- N.S. Ramnath, Nilofer D'Souza Rajinikanth: Who Really Is the Super Star?, business.in.com. 22 December 2010.
- "Apoorva Raagangal Songs". raaga. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
- Rajinikanth 12.12.12: A Birthday Special. The Hindu. 2012. p. 67.