Appius Claudius Pulcher (consul 143 BC)

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Appius Claudius Pulcher (Latin: APP•CLAVDIVS•C•F•APP•N•PVLCHER) was a Roman politician of the 2nd century BC.

Life[edit]

Son of Gaius Claudius Pulcher (who was consul in 177 BC), he was appointed consul in 143 BC, and, to obtain a pretext for a triumph, attacked the Salassi, an Alpine tribe. He was at first defeated, but afterwards, following the directions of the Sibylline Books, gained a victory.[1][2][3] On his return the celebration of the triumph was refused; but he triumphed at his own expense, and when one of the tribunes attempted to drag him from his car, his daughter Claudia, one of the Vestal Virgins, walked by his side up to the capital.[4][5] Next year he was an unsuccessful candidate for the censorship, though he afterwards held that office with Quintus Fulvius Nobilior, probably in 136 BC.[6][7] He allied with Tiberius Gracchus who married his daughter Claudia. Appius backed Tiberius' land reform bill and in 133 BC with Tiberius and Tiberius' brother, Gaius Gracchus, was chosen commissioner for the division of the lands.[8][9][10] Their post allowed them to survey the ager publicus, publicly owned land that Tiberius wanted to distribute among veterans of the Punic War. Another faction in the Senate opposed them and Tiberius was assassinated in 132 BC. Appius lived at enmity with Publius Scipio Aemilianus.[11][12] He died shortly after Tiberius Gracchus,[13] probably in 130 BC.[citation needed] He was one of the Salii, an augur, and princeps senatus.[7][14] Cicero,[15] says, that his style of speaking was fluent and vehement. He married Antistia.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Frontinus, the Waters of the City of Rome, 7.
  2. ^ Dio Cassius, Fragments, lxxix. lxxx.
  3. ^ Orosius, v. 4.
  4. ^ Cicero, For Marcus Caelius, 14
  5. ^ Suetonius, Life of Tiberius, 2.
  6. ^ Dio Cassius, Fragments, lxxxiv.
  7. ^ a b Plutarch, Tiberius Gracchus, 4.
  8. ^ Livy, Epitoma Oxyrrhynci reperta, 58
  9. ^ Johann Caspar von Orelli, Inscriptionum Latinarum Selectarum Collectio, No. 570.
  10. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 2.
  11. ^ Plutarch, Aemilius Paulus, 38.
  12. ^ Cicero, On the Republic, i. 19.
  13. ^ Appian, Civil Wars, i. 18.
  14. ^ Macrobius, Saturnalia, ii. 10.
  15. ^ Cicero, Brutus or History of famous orators, 28.

References[edit]

This entry incorporates public domain text originally from:

  • William Smith (ed.), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1870.


Political offices
Preceded by
Servius Sulpicius Galba and Lucius Aurelius Cotta
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus
143 BC
Succeeded by
Quintus Fabius Maximus Servilianus and Lucius Caecilius Metellus Calvus