Appius Claudius Pulcher (consul 212 BC)

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Appius Claudius Pulcher (Latin: APP•CLAVDIVS•P•F•APP•N•PVLCHER) was a Roman general of the 3rd century BC, active in the Second Punic War.

Life[edit]

He was the son of Publius Claudius Pulcher (consul 249 BC). In 217 BC, he was an aedile.[1] In the following year, he was a military tribune and fought at Cannae. Together with Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major, he was raised to the supreme command by the troops who had fled to Canusium. In 215 BC, he was created a praetor, and conducted the relics of the defeated army into Sicily, where his efforts to detach Hieronymus, the grandson of Hiero II, from his connection with the Carthaginians, were unsuccessful.[2] He remained in Sicily the following year as propraetor and legatus to Marcus Claudius Marcellus,[3][4] having charge of the fleet and the camp at Leontini.[5] In 213 BC, when the Carthaginians landed there, he co-commanded an expedition to the island with M. Claudius Marcellus.[citation needed] In 212 BC, he was elected as a consul, and in conjunction with his colleague Quintus Fulvius Flaccus undertook the siege of Capua. At the close of his year of office, in pursuance of a decree of the Senate, he went to Rome and created two new consuls. His own command was prolonged another year. In the battle against Hannibal's forces before Capua, he received a wound from whose effects he died shortly after the surrender of the city. He ineffectually opposed the infliction of the sanguinary vengeance that Fulvius took on the Capuans.[6][7] He was the father of Appius Claudius Pulcher (consul 185 BC), Publius Claudius Pulcher (consul 184 BC), and Gaius Claudius Pulcher (consul 177 BC). His daughter, Claudia, married Pacuvius Calavius, the chief magistrate of Capua in 217 BC.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

Appius Claudius Pulcher was played by Dimitri Diatchenko in the 2006 film The Secret Under the Rose.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Livy, xxii. 53.
  2. ^ Livy, xxiii. 24, 30, 31, xxiv. 6, 7.
  3. ^ Livy, xxiv. 10, 21, 27, 29, 30, 33, 36.
  4. ^ Polybius, viii. 3, 5, 9.
  5. ^ Livy, xxiv. 39.
  6. ^ Livy, xxv. 2, 22, 41, xxvi. 1, 5, 6, 8, 15, 16.
  7. ^ Polybius, ix. 3.
  8. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita, xxiii. 2.

References[edit]

This entry incorporates public domain text originally from:

  • William Smith (ed.), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1870.
Preceded by
Quintus Fabius Maximus and Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Quintus Fulvius Flaccus
212 BC
Succeeded by
Publius Sulpicius Galba Maximus and Gnaeus Fulvius Centumalus Maximus