Appledore Shipbuilders

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Appledore Shipbuilders
Type Private Company
Industry Shipbuilding
Founded 1855
Headquarters Appledore, Devon, England
Parent Babcock International Group

Appledore Shipbuilders is a shipbuilder in Appledore, North Devon.

History[edit]

Appledore shipyard
The shipyard's cranes
Bow section of HMS Queen Elizabeth at Appledore in March 2010

The Appledore Yard was founded in 1855 on the estuary of the River Torridge.[1] The Richmond Dry Dock was built in 1856 by William Yeo and named after Richmond Bay in Prince Edward Island, where the Yeo family's shipping fleet was based.[2]

The business was led by Philip Kelly Harris[3] during the early part of the 20th century and known as P.K. Harris & Sons until 1963 when it became Appledore Shipbuilders.[4]

In 1964 the Company was acquired by Court Line, a travel business.[5] A new shipyard was built on a greenfield site in Appledore at a cost of about £4m opened in 1970.[5] Court Line collapsed in 1974 and Appledore Shipbuilders was nationalised and subsequently subsumed into British Shipbuilders. By the late 1980s the only yards still held in state ownership were the smaller Appledore and Ferguson yards.[6] Appledore was eventually sold to North East Shipbuilders Ltd in 1989, with the combined company renamed A&P Appledore International.

In the late 1990s the two square-rigged sail training ships of the Tall Ships Youth Trust, the Prince William and the Stavros S Niarchos, were completed at Appledore, by performing substantial modifications to two bare hulls begun in Germany.[7]

Appledore built two Róisín class patrol boats for the Irish Naval Service: LÉ Róisín (P51) was completed in 1999 and LÉ Niamh (P52) in 2001. In 2010, Ireland ordered a further two, 90m, 23 knot offshore patrol vessels from Babcock, also to be built at Appledore. The first Samuel Beckett-class OPV was commissioned in May 2014. In June 2014, the Irish government ordered a third new ship to be built at Appledore.[8]

In October 2003, the Appledore shipyard went into receivership,[9] and in early 2004 was acquired by DML, the operators of Devonport dockyard.[10] The company was reconstituted as Appledore Shipbuilders (2004) Limited and was run by the DML subsidiary DML Appledore. During this period the yard's main activity was the installation of machinery packages and other systems for luxury yachts for Devonport Yachts Ltd.[11]

In June 2007, Babcock International Group acquired DML, including its operations at the Appledore Shipyard, renaming them Babcock Marine Appledore. A Royal Navy contract secured 300 jobs in Appledore until 2015.[12] The Appledore yard will construct elements of the two Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers. Bow sections for HMS Queen Elizabeth were completed in April 2010 and were shipped to Rosyth Dockyard for integration with other modules.[13] The yard continues to build flight deck sponsons and centre blocks for Queen Elizabeth.[14] From 2012, Appledore will build similar sections for Queen Elizabeth's sister ship HMS Prince of Wales.[14]

Ships built at Appledore[edit]

The company has built more than 350 vessels, including small and medium-sized military craft, bulk carriers, LPG carriers, superyachts, ferries, and oil-industry support vessels. Specific ships include:

Survey vessels
Tall ships


Superyachts
Ferries
Patrol vessels
Research ships
Commercial vessels
  • Manchester Vigour, a Container ship
  • Manchester Zeal, a Container ship
  • Wimpey Seadog , Suppy Vessel
  • Alphagas, an LPG carrier
  • Betagas, an LPG carrier
  • Deltagas, an LPG carrier
  • Arklow Bridge, a bulk carrier
  • Britannia Beaver[22]
  • Star Hercules[23]
Dredgers
  • City of Chichester[24]
  • City of Cardiff
  • City of Westminster
  • Cherry Sand[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Receivers to take over the yard BBC News, 29 September 2003
  2. ^ "The story of the Dy Dock". Celebrating Applledore's Shipping Heritage. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  3. ^ Appledore Parish Church Register of Marriages
  4. ^ Tribute to British Shipbuilding and Repair Industries 1914–18, Part 2 of 3
  5. ^ a b James Venus: Obituary The Independent, 2 September 1992
  6. ^ Britain misses the boat after years in the doldrums The Independent, 4 September 1994
  7. ^ Chapman Great Sailing Ships of the World By Otmar Schäuffelen Page 159
  8. ^ "Government to purchase third new Naval Service ship". Irish Times. 9 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Appledore in receivership", Jane's Navy International, 15 October 2003
  10. ^ "Appledore Shipyard is saved". The BBC. 13 February 2004. Archived from the original on 22 May 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  11. ^ "Yachts". Babcock Marine. Archived from the original on 31 July 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2010. 
  12. ^ "Shipyard celebrates fishery vessels order". This Is North Devon. 29 July 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "Aircraft carrier bow sections leave Appledore Shipyard". This Is North Devon. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "Shipyard completes key stage in aircraft carrier project". This Is North Devon. 11 February 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "HMS Echo website". The Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  16. ^ "Motor Yacht Sarafsa by Devonport". charterworld.com. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  17. ^ "Superyacht Vava II". Acronautic Yacht Crew. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  18. ^ "Coruisk (III)". Ships of Calmac. Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  19. ^ http://www.irish-ferries-enthusiasts.com/local-operators/shannon-ferries
  20. ^ http://www.shannonferries.com/about-us-!1-cms.html
  21. ^ Gallacher, Neil (28 April 2014). "Devon-built Samuel Beckett ship handed to Irish Naval Service". BBC News. 
  22. ^ "Britannia Beaver". ShipPhotos.co.uk. Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  23. ^ "The Evolution of Cable & Wireless". FTL Design. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  24. ^ "Pembroke Dock Visits (Port of Pembroke)". Pembroke Dock Community Web Project. Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  25. ^ "Cherry Sand". Associated British Ports. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 

External links[edit]