Applegate Lake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Applegate Lake
Applegate Lake Oregon.jpg
Applegate Lake
Location Jackson County, Oregon
Coordinates 42°03′17″N 123°06′52″W / 42.05472°N 123.11444°W / 42.05472; -123.11444Coordinates: 42°03′17″N 123°06′52″W / 42.05472°N 123.11444°W / 42.05472; -123.11444[1]
Type reservoir, mesotrophic
Primary inflows Applegate River
Primary outflows Applegate River
Catchment area 223 square miles (580 km2)
Basin countries United States
Surface area 988 acres (4.00 km2)
Average depth 83 feet (25 m)
Max. depth 225 ft (69 m)
Water volume 82,200 acre feet (101,400,000 m3)
Residence time 7 months
Shore length1 18.5 miles (29.8 km)
Surface elevation 1,949 ft (594 m)[1]
References [2][3]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Applegate Lake is a 988-acre (400 ha) reservoir located in the Rogue River – Siskiyou National Forest about 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Medford in the U.S. state of Oregon. It is 16 miles (26 km) south of Oregon Route 238 along Applegate River Road and slightly north of the Oregon–California border. The lake is an impoundment of the Applegate River about 46 miles (74 km) from its confluence with the Rogue River.[2]

History[edit]

The United States Congress authorized construction of the Applegate Dam in 1962 as part of a flood-control project.[4] In 1976, the Corps of Engineers began work on the dam, which was finished in 1980.[5] In addition to controlling floods, the dam was intended to store water for irrigation and recreation.[5]

Applegate Dam, 1,300 feet (400 m) long and 242 feet (74 m) high, created a lake stretching 4.6 miles (7.4 km) upstream.[6] As the reservoir filled with water, it inundated the remnants of Copper, a community that had once had a post office and a few buildings. Since then, when water levels in the lake fall sufficiently, the highway that formerly ended at Copper reappears at the south (upstream) end of the lake and serves as the lower end of a boat ramp.[4]

Applegate Lake holds up to 82,200 acre feet (101,400,000 m3) of water.[2] It and Lost Creek Lake, on the main stem of the Rogue River, are the only large multi-purpose Corps of Engineers reservoirs in the Rogue River basin.[2]

The lake, the dam, and other entities in this region were named for Lindsay Applegate. In 1848, he led a party of settlers through the Rogue River Valley on the way to mines in California.[7]

Recreation[edit]

Applegate Dam

Applegate Lake has large populations of trout, landlocked Chinook salmon, smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, and crappie. It is stocked each year with about 120,000 rainbow trout and about 50,000 young Chinook. Ramps, including two that are open year-round, provide access for boats. About 18 miles (29 km) of trails circle the reservoir.[8]

The United States Forest Service maintains campgrounds as well as places along the shore for fishing, picnicking, and swimming as well as boating. Mountain biking is allowed on one of the trails, and horses are allowed on three.[6]

See also[edit]

Media related to Applegate Lake at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Applegate Lake Feature Detail Report". GNIS. USGS. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  2. ^ a b c d Johnson, Daniel M.; Petersen, Richard R.; Lycan, D. Richard; Sweet, James W.; Neuhaus, Mark E., and Schaedel, Andrew L. (1985). Atlas of Oregon Lakes. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press. p. 151. ISBN 0-87071-343-4. 
  3. ^ "Atlas of Oregon Lakes: Applegate Lake (Jackson County)". Portland State University. 1985–2012. Retrieved 2012-07-18. 
  4. ^ a b Miller, Bill (2008-12-14). "Underwater Ghost Town". Mail Tribune. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  5. ^ a b "Applegate Dam and Lake". United States Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  6. ^ a b "Lost Creek Lake and Applegate Lake Oregon" (PDF). U.S. Corps of Engineers. 2008. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  7. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-87595-277-2. 
  8. ^ Sheehan, Madelynne Diness. Fishing in Oregon: The Complete Oregon Fishing Guide (10th ed.). Scappoose, Oregon: Flying Pencil Publications. pp. 58–59. ISBN 0-916473-15-5.