St. Laurence's parish church
Appleton shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||897 (parish, with Eaton) (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|District||Vale of White Horse|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||Oxford West and Abingdon|
|Website||Appleton with Eaton Parish|
Appleton is a village in the civil parish of Appleton-with-Eaton, about 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Abingdon. Appleton was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire.
Appleton's toponym means simply "an orchard". In the 10th century was Æppeltune or Appeltun, from then until the 17th century it evolved as Apletone, Apletune and Appelton, and in 1316 it was recorded as Aspelton. In the 10th century the village had the alternative name of Earmundeslæh, Earmundesleah, Earmundeslee or Earmundeslei, referring to King Edmund I, who in AD 942 granted it to Athelstan, one of his thegns, who may have restored it to Abingdon Abbey.
The Domesday Book of 1086 records that Miles Crispin was the manorial overlord of Appleton and Eaton. There was also a second landholding at Appleton of which the overlord was Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, who was William of Normandy's half-brother. The Domesday Book records that Appleton had the most valuable fishery in Berkshire, valued at £1.4s.2d.
From then on the history is largely a record of grants and reversions, the best-known names to appear in the list of grantors or tenants being William de Merton, perhaps a kinsman of the founder of Merton College, Oxford, Sir William de Shareshull, Lord Chief Justice in the reign of Edward III, and William Lenthall, Speaker of the Long Parliament (this at a time when the Lordship of the Manor descended with that of Besselsleigh) and, of more local note, the Fettiplace and the Southby families.
The oldest parts of the Church of England parish church of Saint Laurence are 12th century Norman. The north aisle was added late in that century, linked with the nave by a four-bay arcade of pointed arches. In the 13th century a new window and doorway were inserted in the south wall of the nave, as was the priest's doorway on the south side of the chancel. The east window of the chancel is 14th century in style.In the 15th century the Perpendicular Gothic bell tower was added, a window inserted on the south side of the nave and the nave was re-roofed. The south porch was added early in the 16th century, the north aisle was rebuilt in the 17th century and the north porch was built in about 1700. The Gothic Revival architect C.C. Rolfe restored the nave in 1882–84. The church is a Grade II* listed building.
Monuments in the church include a brass of two shrouded corpses in memory of John Goudrington, who died in 1518, and his wife. In the chancel is a Renaissance stone monument erected in 1593 in memory of Sir John Fettiplace, who died in 1580. It includes a life-size effigy of Sir John in 16th century armour, a pair of Corinthian columns supporting a canopy surmounted by a pair of obelisks, and a long Latin inscription surrounded by extensive strapwork and a number of skulls.
The tower has a ring of ten bells, all cast by the Whitechapel Bell Foundry. Thomas II Mears cast the seventh bell in 1817. George Mears cast the second and third bells in 1859 and the ninth and tenor bells in 1861. Mears and Stainbank recast the eighth bell in 1874 and cast the treble, fourth and fifth bells in 1875. The sixth bell was recast in 1977.
White's of Appleton
In 1824 Alfred White founded White's of Appleton, a contractor for hanging church bells. The company is still based in Appleton and is now the oldest bellhanging company still trading in the United Kingdom.
Appleton has a Church of England primary school, a community shop, a Women's Institute and a cricket club. Appleton All Stars Football Club is a member of the North Berks Football League.
Oxfordshire County Council bus route 63 runs between Oxford and Southmoor via Appleton three times per day in each direction, every day except Sundays and Bank Holidays. The current contractor operating the route is RH Buses.
- "Area selected: Vale of White Horse (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 335–341.
- Pevsner 1966, p. 65–66.
- Saint 1970.
- "Church of St Lawrence". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
- Baldwin, John (13 April 2009). "Appleton S Lawrence". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
- "Company History". Whites of Appleton Ltd Church Bellhangers.
- Appleton with Eaton Parish: Appleton Women's Institute
- Appleton with Eaton Parish: Cricket Club
- Appleton Stars F.C.
- North Berks Football League
- "Oxford - Appleton - Southmoor". Timetables. RH Buses. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- Page, W.H.; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 335–341.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). Berkshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 65–66.
- Saint, Andrew (1970). "Three Oxford Architects". Oxonensia (Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society) XXXV: 53ff. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
Media related to Appleton, Oxfordshire at Wikimedia Commons