|Traded as||NASDAQ: AMAT
S&P 500 Component
|Headquarters||Santa Clara, California, U.S.|
|Key people||Gary Dickerson
(President & CEO)
|Revenue||US$ 7.51 billion (2013)|
|Operating income||US$ 426 million (2013)|
|Net income||US$ 256 million (2013)|
|Total assets||US$ 12.04 billion (2013)|
|Total equity||US$ 7.09 billion (2013)|
|Employees||~13,700 (October 2013)|
Applied Materials, Inc. is an American corporation that manufactures innovative equipment, services and software to enable the manufacture of semiconductor, TFT LCD display, Glass, WEB and solar (crystalline and thin film) products. The company is headquartered in Santa Clara, California in the Silicon Valley.
Applied Materials creates and commercializes nanomanufacturing technology used in the production of semiconductor (integrated circuit) chips for electronic gear, flat panel displays for computers and television, glass coatings for homes and buildings, web (flexible substrate) coatings for industry and photovoltaic solar cells and modules using both thin film and crystalline (wafer or bulk) photovoltaic technology.
In 1992, the corporation settled a lawsuit with three former employees for an estimated $600,000. The suit complained that the employees were driven out of the company after complaining about the courses Applied Scholastics had been hired to teach there.
In November 1996, Applied Materials acquired two Israeli companies for an aggregate amount of $285 million. Opal Technologies and Orbot Instruments for $175 million and $110 million in cash, respectively. Orbot produces systems for inspecting patterned silicon wafers for yield enhancement during the semiconductor manufacturing process, as well as systems for inspecting masks used during the patterning process. Opal develops and manufactures high-speed metrology systems used by semiconductor manufacturers to verify critical dimensions during the production of integrated circuits.
In 2000, Etec Systems, Inc. was purchased.
On June 27, 2001, Applied acquired Israeli company Oramir Semiconductor Equipment Ltd., a supplier of laser cleaning technologies for semiconductor wafers, in a purchase business combination for $21 million in cash.
In January 2008, Applied Materials purchased an Italian company Baccini, a designer of tools used in manufacturing solar cells.
In 2009, Applied Materials opened its Solar Technology Center—the world’s largest commercial solar energy research and development facility in Xi’an, China.
Applied Materials' acquisition of Semitool Inc. was completed in December 2009.
Applied Materials announced its merger with Tokyo Electron on September 24, 2013. If approved by government regulators, the yet-to-be-named company would be the world's largest supplier of semiconductor processing equipment, with a total market value of approximately $29 billion.
Applied is organized into four major business sectors: Silicon Systems Group, Display, Energy and Environmental Solutions (EES) and Service.
Semiconductor (Silicon Systems Group)
In semiconductors (integrated circuits), the company manufactures systems that perform most of the primary steps in the chip fabrication process, including atomic layer deposition, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), physical vapor deposition (PVD), electrochemical plating (EP), etching, rapid thermal processing (RTP), chemical mechanical polishing (CMP), CDSEM metrology, wafer inspection, sem Defect Review, reticle inspection and wafer packaging, such as through-silicon via (TSV). The company acquired Semitool for this group in late 2009.
The Applied Global Services (AGS) group offers equipment installation support and warranty extended support, as well as maintenance support. AGS also offers new and refurbished equipment, as well as upgrades and enhancements for installed base equipment.
Applied Materials offers software packages for automating the operation of complex manufacturing environments. These include tool automation, manufacturing execution systems, materials control, simulation and scheduling software and related software support services.
AGS combined an existing business unit with the display business of Applied Films Corporation, acquired in mid-2006.
The manufacturing process for TFT LCDs (thin film transistor liquid crystal displays), commonly employed in computer monitors and televisions, is similar to that employed for integrated circuits. In cleanroom environments both TFT-LCD and integrated circuit production use photolithography, chemical and physical vapor deposition, and testing.
Energy and Environmental Solutions
In 2006 the company acquired Applied Films, a glass coating and web coating business. Also in 2006, Applied announced it was entering the solar manufacturing equipment business. The solar, glass and web businesses are now organized into the EES group of the Company.
In 2007, Applied announced the Applied SunFab thin film photovoltaic module production line, with single or tandem junction capability . SunFab applies silicon thin film layers to glass substrate that then produce electricity when exposed to sunlight. The product uses large glass substrates, measuring 5.7 square meters. In 2009, the company's SunFab line was certified by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Moser Baer signed a deal with Applied Materials and started a plant in NOIDA, India. In 2010 Applied announced that it was abandoning the thin film market and closing down their SunFab division.
Also in 2007 the company acquired privately held, Switzerland-based HCT Shaping Systems SA, a specialist in wafer sawing tools for both solar and semiconductor wafer manufacture, paying approximately $475 million.
In 2008, Applied acquired privately held, Italy-based Baccini SpA for $330M, company that worked in the metallization steps of solar cell manufacturing.
The company has offices in the United States, Japan, China, Singapore, Korea, Germany, Taiwan, France, Spain, Italy, India, Ireland, Israel, Netherlands, United Kingdom and Switzerland. Its Santa Clara headquarters was built in 1998, and features a large outdoor sculpture ("Etude") by artist Richard Deutsch.
- Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors:Michael R.Splinter
- President and Chief Executive Officer:Gary E. Dickerson
- Chief Financial Officer: Bob Halliday
- Chief Technology Officer: Omkaram Nalamasu
- "Applied Materials Financial Statements". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
- "Scientologizing". Forbes. September 14, 1992. p. 25.
- "Applied Materials Buys Orbot Instruments, Opal for $285 Mln; Opal chairman Meny Erad: "This is a great day for Israeli high-tech."". Globes. 26 November 1996.
- "Applied Materials, Inc. Inc August 2001 Quarterly Report, Form 10-Q, Filing Date August 24, 2001". secdatabase.com. Retrieved Dec 26, 2012.
- Applied Materials to Buy Varian
- "Artfully Conceived Chip Project for Sunnyvale ." San Jose Business Journal. July 12, 1998; Bennett, Richard. "At the Engineering Facility on the Stanford Campus, He Created an 'Axis' of Stone." Oakland Tribune. May 6, 2007.
- Applied Materials Official Website
- The Applied Materials Blog
- The Applied Materials Official Parts Center
- Google Finance - Applied Materials, Inc.
- Yahoo! - Applied Materials, Inc. Company Profile
- Reuters - Applied Materials, Inc. Overview
- Applied Ventures official website
- Applied Materials: less than $ 1 per Watt for thin-film module manufacturing