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Applied mechanics is a branch of the physical sciences and the practical application of mechanics. Applied mechanics examines the response of bodies (solids and fluids) or systems of bodies to external forces. Some examples of mechanical systems include the flow of a liquid under pressure, the fracture of a solid from an applied force, or the vibration of an ear in response to sound. A practitioner of the discipline is known as a mechanician.
Applied mechanics, as its name suggests, bridges the gap between physical theory and its application to technology. As such, applied mechanics is used in many fields of engineering, especially mechanical engineering. In this context, it is commonly referred to as engineering mechanics. Much of modern engineering mechanics is based on Isaac Newton's laws of motion while the modern practice of their application can be traced back to Stephen Timoshenko, who is said to be the father of modern engineering mechanics.
Within the theoretical sciences, applied mechanics is useful in formulating new ideas and theories, discovering and interpreting phenomena, and developing experimental and computational tools. In the application of the natural sciences, mechanics was said to be complemented by thermodynamics by physical chemists Gilbert N. Lewis and Merle Randall, the study of heat and more generally energy, and electromechanics, the study of electricity and magnetism.
Applied mechanics in practice
The advances and research in Applied Mechanics has wide application in many departments. Some of the departments that put the subject into practice are Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Construction Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Structural engineering and Bioengineering Prof.S.Marichamy said that "Mechanics is the study of bodies which are in motion or rest condition under the action of Forces"
Major topics of applied mechanics
- Analytical mechanics
- Computational mechanics
- Contact mechanics
- Continuum mechanics
- Dynamics (mechanics)
- Elasticity (physics)
- Experimental mechanics
- Fatigue (material)
- Finite element method
- Fluid mechanics
- Fracture mechanics
- Mechanics of materials
- Mechanics of structures
- Solid mechanics
- Soil mechanics
- Stress waves
Examples of applications
- Thermodynamics - and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances. Lewis, G. and M. Randall (1923)
- J.P. Den Hartog, Strength of Materials, Dover, New York, 1949.
- F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston, J.T. DeWolf, Mechanics of Materials, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1981.
- S.P. Timoshenko, History of Strength of Materials, Dover, New York, 1953.
- J.E. Gordon, The New Science of Strong Materials, Princeton, 1984.
- H. Petroski, To Engineer Is Human, St. Martins, 1985.
- T.A. McMahon and J.T. Bonner, On Size and Life, Scientific American Library, W.H. Freeman, 1983.
- M. F. Ashby, Materials Selection in Design, Pergamon, 1992.
- A.H. Cottrell, Mechanical Properties of Matter, Wiley, New York, 1964.
- S.A. Wainwright, W.D. Biggs, J.D. Organisms, Edward Arnold, 1976.
- S. Vogel, Comparative Biomechanics, Princeton, 2003.
- J. Howard, Mechanics of Motor Proteins and the Cytoskeleton, Sinauer Associates, 2001.
- J.L. Meriam, L.G. Kraige. Engineering Mechanics Volume 2: Dynamics, John Wiley & Sons., New York, 1986.
- J.L. Meriam, L.G. Kraige. Engineering Mechanics Volume 1: Statics, John Wiley & Sons., New York, 1986.
- Video and web lectures
- Engineering Mechanics Video Lectures and Web Notes
- Applied Mechanics Video Lectures By Prof.SK. Gupta, Department of Applied Mechanics, IIT Delhi
- Professional organizations
- American Academy of Mechanics
- Applied Mechanics Division, American Society of Mechanical Engineers
- Engineering Mechanics Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers (EMI)
- International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
- US National Committee on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
- Professional publications
- Advances in Applied Mechanics
- Applied Mechanics Reviews
- International Journal of Solids and Structures
- Journal of Engineering Mechanics
- Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics
- Journal of Fluid Mechanics
- Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures
- Journal of Applied Mechanics
- Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanics Research Communications
- Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics
- Nonlinear Dynamics
- Journal of Vibration and Control