# Applied mechanics

Applied mechanics is a branch of the physical sciences and the practical application of mechanics. Applied mechanics examines the response of bodies (solids and fluids) or systems of bodies to external forces. Some examples of mechanical systems include the flow of a liquid under pressure, the fracture of a solid from an applied force, or the vibration of an ear in response to sound. A practitioner of the discipline is known as a mechanician.

Applied mechanics, as its name suggests, bridges the gap between physical theory and its application to technology. As such, applied mechanics is used in many fields of engineering, especially mechanical engineering. In this context, it is commonly referred to as engineering mechanics. Much of modern engineering mechanics is based on Isaac Newton's laws of motion while the modern practice of their application can be traced back to Stephen Timoshenko, who is said to be the father of modern engineering mechanics.

Within the theoretical sciences, applied mechanics is useful in formulating new ideas and theories, discovering and interpreting phenomena, and developing experimental and computational tools. In the application of the natural sciences, mechanics was said to be complemented by thermodynamics by physical chemists Gilbert N. Lewis and Merle Randall, the study of heat and more generally energy, and electromechanics, the study of electricity and magnetism.[1]

## Applied mechanics in practice

The advances and research in Applied Mechanics has wide application in many departments. Some of the departments that put the subject into practice are Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Construction Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Structural engineering and Bioengineering Prof.S.Marichamy said that "Mechanics is the study of bodies which are in motion or rest condition under the action of Forces"

## Applied mechanics in engineering

Typically, engineering mechanics is used to analyze and predict the acceleration and deformation (both elastic and plastic) of objects under known forces (also called loads) or stresses.

When treated as an area of study within a larger engineering curriculum, engineering mechanics can be subdivided into

• Statics, the study of non-moving bodies under known loads
• Dynamics (or kinetics), the study of how forces affect moving bodies
• Mechanics of materials or strength of materials, the study of how different materials deform under various types of stress
• Deformation mechanics, the study of deformations typically in the elastic range
• Fluid mechanics, the study of how fluids react to forces. Note that fluid mechanics can be further split into fluid statics and fluid dynamics, and is itself a subdiscipline of continuum mechanics. The application of fluid mechanics in engineering is called hydraulics.
• Continuum mechanics is a method of applying mechanics that assumes that all objects are continuous. It is contrasted by discrete mechanics.

## Examples of applications

• J.P. Den Hartog, Strength of Materials, Dover, New York, 1949.
• F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston, J.T. DeWolf, Mechanics of Materials, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1981.
• S.P. Timoshenko, History of Strength of Materials, Dover, New York, 1953.
• J.E. Gordon, The New Science of Strong Materials, Princeton, 1984.
• H. Petroski, To Engineer Is Human, St. Martins, 1985.
• T.A. McMahon and J.T. Bonner, On Size and Life, Scientific American Library, W.H. Freeman, 1983.
• M. F. Ashby, Materials Selection in Design, Pergamon, 1992.
• A.H. Cottrell, Mechanical Properties of Matter, Wiley, New York, 1964.
• S.A. Wainwright, W.D. Biggs, J.D. Organisms, Edward Arnold, 1976.
• S. Vogel, Comparative Biomechanics, Princeton, 2003.
• J. Howard, Mechanics of Motor Proteins and the Cytoskeleton, Sinauer Associates, 2001.
• J.L. Meriam, L.G. Kraige. Engineering Mechanics Volume 2: Dynamics, John Wiley & Sons., New York, 1986.
• J.L. Meriam, L.G. Kraige. Engineering Mechanics Volume 1: Statics, John Wiley & Sons., New York, 1986.

## References

1. ^ Thermodynamics - and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances. Lewis, G. and M. Randall (1923)