Applied research

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Applied research is a form of systematic inquiry involving the practical application of science. It accesses and uses some part of the research communities' (the academia's) accumulated theories, knowledge, methods, and techniques, for a specific, often state-, business-, or client-driven purpose. Applied research is compared to pure research (basic research) in discussion about research ideals, methodologies, programs, and projects.[1]

Applied research deals with solving practical problems[2] and generally employs empirical methodologies. Because applied research resides in the messy real world, strict research protocols may need to be relaxed. For example, it may be impossible to use a random sample. Thus, transparency in the methodology is crucial. Implications for interpretation of results brought about by relaxing an otherwise strict canon of methodology should also be considered.[citation needed]

The OECD's Frascati Manual[3] describes Applied Research as one of the three forms of research, along with Basic research & Experimental Development.

Due to its practical focus, applied research information will be found in the literature associated with individual disciplines.[4][5]


  1. ^ Roll-Hansen, Nils (April 2009) (PDF). Why the distinction between basic (theoretical) and applied (practical) research is important in the politics of science (Report). The London School of Economics and Political Science. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  2. ^ "a definition of applied research". Retrieved August 17, 2011. (The site appears to be available, but returns a 'forbidden' response, suggesting that only certain IP ranges or recognized accounts might have access.)
  3. ^ "Frascati Manual Page 30". Retrieved August 17, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Open J-gate journals". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Medwell journals". Retrieved August 17, 2011.