Appomattox Campaign Confederate order of battle

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The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in the final military encounter of the American Civil War, the 1865 Appomattox Campaign, which lasted from March 29 to April 9 and resulted in Confederate surrender on April 9 at the Appomattox Court House. Order of battle has been compiled from the army organization during the campaign.[1] The Union order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Army of Northern Virginia[edit]

Gen Robert E. Lee, Commanding
Staff:

  • Chief of staff: Ltc Walter Taylor
  • Assistant adjutants general: Col Charles Venerable, Col Charles Marshall
  • Assistant Inspector General: Maj Giles B. Cooke
  • Chief of artillery: BG William N. Pendleton
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Headquarters units

Escort
  • 39th Virginia Battalion: Cpt Samuel B. Brown
Provost Guard


Maj D. B. Bridgford

Engineers


Col T. M. R. Talcott

  • 1st Confederate Engineers
  • 2nd Confederate Engineers

First Corps[edit]

LTG James Longstreet
Staff:

  • Corps medical director: Surgeon John Cullen
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Pickett's Division
     MG George E. Pickett

Steuart's Brigade


   BG George H. Steuart

Corse's Brigade


   BG Montgomery D. Corse (c, April 6)
   Col Arthur Herbert

Hunton's Brigade


   BG Eppa Hunton (c, April 6)
   Maj Michael P. Spessard

Terry's Brigade


   BG William R. Terry (w, March 31)
   Maj William W. Bently

Field's Division
     MG Charles W. Field

Perry's Brigade


   BG William F. Perry

  • 4th Alabama Infantry: Ltc Lawrence H. Scruggs
  • 15th Alabama Infantry: Col Alexander A. Lowther
  • 44th Alabama Infantry: Ltc John A. Jones
  • 47th Alabama Infantry: Cpt Eli D. Clower
  • 48th Alabama Infantry: Maj John W. Wigginton
Anderson's Brigade


   BG George T. Anderson

  • 7th Georgia Infantry: Col George H. Carmical
  • 8th Georgia Infantry: Col John R. Towers
  • 9th Georgia Infantry: Maj John W. Arnold
  • 11th Georgia Infantry: Cpt William H. Ramsey
  • 59th Georgia Infantry: Col Jack Brown
Benning's Brigade


   BG Henry L. Benning

  • 2nd Georgia Infantry: Cpt Thomas Chaffin,jr.
  • 15th Georgia Infantry: Maj Peter J. Shannon
  • 17th Georgia Infantry: Maj James B. Moore
  • 20th Georgia Infantry
Gregg's Brigade


   Col R. M. Powell

Bratton's Brigade


   BG John Bratton

  • 1st South Carolina Infantry: Col James R. Hagood
  • 5th South Carolina Infantry: Col A. Coward
  • 6th South Carolina Infantry: Col John M. Steedman
  • 2nd South Carolina Rifles: Col Robert E. Bowen
  • Palmetto (South Carolina) Sharpshooters

Kershaw's Division[2]
     MG Joseph B. Kershaw (c, April 6)

DuBose's Brigade


   BG Dudley M. DuBose (c, April 6)
   Cpt J. F. Espy

  • 16th Georgia Infantry: Lt William W. Montgomery
  • 18th Georgia Infantry: Cpt J. F. Espy, Lt Gideon J. Lasseter
  • 24th Georgia Infantry: Cpt J. A. Jarrard
  • 3rd Georgia Sharpshooters Battalion
  • Cobb's (Georgia) Legion: Lt W. G. Steed
  • Philip's (Georgia) Legion: Lt A. J. Reese
Humphrey's Brigade


   BG Benjamin G. Humphreys
   Cpt Gwin R. Cherry

  • 13th Mississippi Infantry: Lt W. H. Davis
  • 17th Mississippi Infantry: Cpt Gwin R. Cherry
  • 18th Mississippi Infantry: Lt John W. Gower
  • 21st Mississippi Infantry: Lt Benjamin George
Simms' Brigade


   BG James P. Simms (c)
   Cpt George W. Waldron

Artillery
     BG Edward P. Alexander

Cabell's Battalion[3]


   Maj S. P. Hamilton

  • Anderson's (Virginia) Battery
  • Frasier's (Georgia) Battery
  • Carlton's (Georgia) Battery
  • 1st Company Richmond Howitzers (Virginia)
  • Manly's (North Carolina) Battery
Huger's Battalion


   Maj Tyler C. Jordan

  • Moody's (Louisiana) Battery: Lt George Poindexter
  • Fickling's (South Carolina) Battery: Lt E. L. Purse
  • Parker's (Virginia) Battery: Lt Edwin S. Wooldridge
  • Virginia Battery: Cpt John Donneli Smith
  • Taylor's (Virginia) Battery: Lt John H. Weddell
  • Virginia Battery: Lt James Woolfolk
Haskell's Battalion


   Maj John C. Haskell

  • North Carolina Battery: Cpt Henry G. Flanner
  • Ramsay's (North Carolina) Battery: Lt Jesse F. Woodard
  • South Carolina Battery: Cpt Hugh R. Garden
  • Lamkin's (Virginia) Battery: Lt Fletcher T. Massie

Second Corps[edit]

MG John B. Gordon
Staff:

  • Assistant adjutant general: Maj Robert W. Hunter
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Grimes' Division
     MG Bryan Grimes

Battle's Brigade


   Col Edwin L. Hobson

  • 3rd Alabama Infantry: Cpt Cornelius Robinson, Jr.
  • 5th Alabama Infantry: Col Edwin L. Hobson, Cpt Thomas M. Riley
  • 6th Alabama Infantry: Maj Isaac F. Culver
  • 12th Alabama Infantry: Cpt Poleman D. Rose
  • 61st Alabama Infantry: Cpt Augustus B. Fanin, jr
Grimes' Brigade


   Col D. G. Coward

  • 32nd North Carolina Infantry: Cpt P. C. Shuford
  • 43rd North Carolina Infantry: Cpt Wiley J. Cobb
  • 45th North Carolina Infantry: Col John R. Winston
  • 53rd North Carolina Infantry: Cpt Thomas E. Ashcraft
  • 2nd North Carolina Battalion
Cox's Brigade


   BG William Ruffin Cox

  • 1st North Carolina Infantry: Maj Louis C. Latham
  • 2nd North Carolina Infantry: Maj James T. Scales
  • 3rd North Carolina Infantry: Maj William T. Ennett
  • 4th North Carolina Infantry: Cpt John B. Forcum
  • 14th North Carolina Infantry: Ltc William A. Johnston.
  • 30th North Carolina Infantry: Cpt David C. Allen
Cook's Brigade


   Col Edwin A. Nash

  • 4th Georgia: Col Edwin A. Nash, Cpt John M. Shiver
  • 12th Georgia: Cpt Josiah N. Beall
  • 21st Georgia: Cpt Edward Smith
  • 44th Georgia: Cpt John A. Tucker
  • Patterson's (Georgia) Battery
Archer's Battalion[4]


   Ltc Fletcher H. Archer

  • 3rd Battalion Virginia Reserves: Cpt Joseph A. Rogers
  • 44th Virginia Battalion: Cpt A. B. Morrison

Early's Division
     BG James A. Walker

Johnston's Brigade


   Col John W. Lea

  • 5th North Carolina Infantry: Col John W. Lea, Cpt James M. Taylor
  • 12th North Carolina Infantry: Cpt P. Durham
  • 20th North Carolina Infantry: Lt Archibald F. Lawhon
  • 23rd North Carolina Infantry: Cpt Abner D. Peace
  • 1st North Carolina Sharpshooters Battalion: Lt R. W. Woodruff
Lewis' Brigade


   Cpt John Beard

  • 6th North Carolina Infantry: Cpt Joseph H. Dickey
  • 21st North Carolina Infantry: Cpt John H. Miller
  • 54th North Carolina Infantry
  • 57th North Carolina Infantry: Cpt John Beard
Walker's Brigade


   Maj Henry K. Douglas

Gordon's Division
     BG Clement A. Evans

Evans' Brigade


   Col John H. Lowe

  • 13th Georgia Infantry: Ltc Richhard Maltbie
  • 26th Georgia Infantry: Cpt James Knox
  • 31st Georgia Infantry: Cpt Edward C. Perry
  • 38th Georgia Infantry: Ltc Philip E. Davant
  • 60th Georgia Infantry: Col Waters B. Jones
  • 61st Georgia Infantry: Col Waters B. Jones
  • 9th Georgia Artillery Battalion: Sgt. Horace L. Cranford
  • 12th Georgia Artillery Battalion: Cpt Samuel H. Crump
  • 18th Georgia Battalion: Cpt George W. Stiles
Terry's Brigade


   Col Titus V. Williams

York's Brigade


   Col Eugene Waggaman

  • 1st Louisiana Infantry
  • 2nd Louisiana Infantry: Cpt A. S. Blythe
  • 5th Louisiana Infantry: Lt Hiram Baxter
  • 6th Louisiana Infantry: Maj William H. Manning
  • 7th Louisiana Infantry
  • 8th Louisiana Infantry: Cpt Louis Prados
  • 9th Louisiana Infantry
  • 10th Louisiana Infantry
  • 14th Louisiana Infantry
  • 15th Louisiana Infantry: Col Edmund Pendleton

Artillery
     BG Armistead L. Long

Nelson's Battalion[3]


   Ltc William Nelson

Braxton's Battalion


   Ltc Carter M. Braxton

  • Alleghany (Virginia) Artillery
  • Lee (Virginia) Artillery
  • Stafford (Virginia) Artillery
Cutshaw's Battalion


   Cpt C. W. Fry

  • Jeff Davis (Alabama) Artillery
  • King William (Virginia) Artillery
  • Morris (Virginia) Artillery
  • Orange (Virginia) Artillery
  • Staunton (Virginia) Artillery
  • Richmond Howitzers, 2nd Company
Hardaway's Battalion


   Ltc Robert A. Hardaway

  • Powhatan Artillery (Virginia)
  • 3rd Company, Richmond Howitzers (Virginia)
  • Rockbridge Artillery (Virginia)
  • Salem Flying Artillery (Virginia)
Johnson's Battalion


   Ltc Marmaduke Johnson

  • Clutter's (Virginia) Battery: Lt Lucas McIntosh.
  • Fredericksburg Artillery (Virginia): Cpt John G. Pollock
Lightfoot's Battalion


  

  • Caroline Artillery (Virginia)
  • Nelson Artillery (Virginia)
  • Surry Artillery (Virginia)
Stark's Battalion


   Ltc Alexander W. Stark

  • Louisiana Guard Artillery Battery (Green's)
  • McComas Artillery/French's Battery (Virginia): Cpt David A. French
  • Armistead's Battery/Matthew's Artillery (Virginia): Cpt Andrew D. Armistead

Third Corps[edit]

LTG A. P. Hill (k, April 1)[5]

Provost Guard

  • 5th Alabama Battalion: Cpt Wade Ritter
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Mahone's Division
     MG William Mahone

Forney's Brigade


   BG William H. Forney

Weisiger's Brigade


   BG David A. Weisiger

Harris' Brigade


   BG Nathaniel H. Harris

  • 12th Mississippi Infantry: Cpt A. K. Jones
  • 16th Mississippi Infantry: Ltc James H. Duncan
  • 19th Mississippi Infantry: Col Richard W. Phipps
  • 48th Mississippi Infantry: Col Joseph M. Jayne
Sorrel's Brigade


   Col George E. Tayloe

  • 3rd Georgia Infantry: Ltc Claiborne Snead
  • 22nd Georgia Infantry: Cpt George W. Thomas
  • 48th Georgia Infantry: Cpt Alexander C. Flanders
  • 64th Georgia Infantry: Cpt James G. Brown
  • 2nd Georgia Battalion: Maj Charles J. Moffett
  • 10th Georgia Battalion: Cpt Caleb F. Hill
Finegan's Brigade


   BG Theodore W. Brevard, Jr. (c, April 6)
   Col David Lang

  • 2nd Florida Infantry: Col Walter R. Moore
  • 5th Florida Infantry
  • 8th Florida Infantry: Maj Thomas E. Clarke
  • 9th Florida Infantry
  • 10th Florida Infantry: Col Charles F. Hopkins
  • 11th Florida Infantry

Heth's Division
     MG Henry Heth

Davis' Brigade


   BG Joseph R. Davis

  • 1st Confederate Battalion: Cpt Anthony B. Bartlett
  • 2nd Mississippi Infantry
  • 11th Mississippi Infantry
  • 26th Mississippi Infantry
  • 42nd Mississippi Infantry
Cooke's Brigade


   BG John R. Cooke

  • 15th North Carolina Infantry: Col William H. Yarborough
  • 27th North Carolina Infantry: Ltc Joseph C. Webb
  • 46th North Carolina Infantry: Col William L. Saunders
  • 48th North Carolina Infantry: Col Samuel H. Walkup
  • 55th North Carolina Infantry: Cpt Walter A. Whitted
MacRae's Brigade


   BG William MacRae

  • 11th North Carolina Infantry: Col William J. Martin
  • 26th North Carolina Infantry: Ltc James T. Adams
  • 44th North Carolina Infantry: Maj Charles M. Stedman
  • 47th North Carolina Infantry
  • 52nd North Carolina Infantry: Ltc Eric Erson
McComb's Brigade


   BG William McComb

  • 2nd Maryland Battalion: Cpt John W. Torsch
  • 1st Tennessee Infantry (Provisional Army): Maj Felix G. Buchanan
  • 7th Tennessee Infantry: Ltc Samuel G. Shepard
  • 14th Tennessee Infantry: Maj James H. Johnson
  • 17th Tennessee Infantry: Col Horace Ready
  • 23rd Tennessee Infantry: Col Horace Ready
  • 25th Tennessee Infantry
  • 44th Tennessee Infantry
  • 63rd Tennessee Infantry

Wilcox's Division
     MG Cadmus M. Wilcox

Thomas' Brigade


   BG Edward L. Thomas

  • 14th Georgia Infantry: Col Richard P. Lester
  • 35th Georgia Infantry: Col Bolling H. Holt
  • 45th Georgia Infantry: Col Thomas J. Simmons
  • 49th Georgia Infantry: Maj James B. Duggan
Lane's Brigade


   BG James H. Lane

  • 18th North Carolina Infantry: Maj Thomas J. Wooten
  • 28th North Carolina Infantry: Cpt T. James Linebarger
  • 33rd North Carolina Infantry: Col Robert V. Cowan
  • 37th North Carolina Infantry: Maj Jackson L. Bost
McGowan's Brigade


   BG Samuel McGowan

Scales' Brigade


   Col Joseph H. Hyman

  • 13th North Carolina Infantry: Ltc E. Benton Withers
  • 16th North Carolina Infantry: Col William A. Stowe
  • 22nd North Carolina Infantry: Col Thomas S. Galloway, jr
  • 34th North Carolina Infantry: Ltc George M. Norment
  • 38th North Carolina Infantry: Col John Ashford, Ltc George W. Flowers

Artillery
     Col R. Lindsay Walker

McIntosh's Battalion


   Ltc William M. Owen

  • Hurt's (Alabama) Battery: Lt George A. Ferrell
  • 1st Battery, Washington Artillery (Louisiana): Cpt Edward Owen
  • Chew's (Maryland) Battery
  • Chamberlayne's (Virginia) Battery
  • Donald's (Virginia) Battery: Lt William T. Wilson
  • Rockbridge (Virginia) Artillery, 2nd Battery: Cpt Berryman Z. Price
Pegram's Battalion


   Col William J. Pegram (mw, April 2)
   Ltc Joseph McGraw

  • South Carolina Battery: Cpt Thomas E. Gregg
  • Virginia Battery: Cpt George M. Cayce
  • Virginia Battery: Cpt Thomas Ellett
  • Brander's (Virginia) Battery: Lt James E. Tyler
Poague's Battalion


   Ltc William T. Poague

  • Richards' (Mississippi) Battery: Lt John W. Yeargain
  • North Carolina Battery: Cpt Arthur B. Williams
  • Albemarle (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Charles F. Johnston
  • Brooke (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Addison W. Utterback
  • Lewis' (Virginia) Battery: Cpt Nathan Penick
Thirteenth Virginia Battalion


   no commander listed[6]

  • Otey Battery: Cpt David N. Walker
  • Ringgoldi Battery: Cpt Grispin Dickenson
Richardson's Battalion


   Ltc Charles Richardson

  • Donaldsonville (Louisiana) Battery: Cpt R. Prosper Landry
  • Moore's (Virginia) Battery
  • Grandy's (Virginia) Battery
  • Huger Artillery
Lane's Battalion[3]


   Maj John Lane

  • Ross' (Georgia) Battery
  • Patterson's (Georgia) Battery
  • Irwin (Georgia) Artillery
Washington Artillery


   Ltc Benjamin F. Eshleman

  • 1st Company (Louisiana)
  • 2nd Company (Louisiana)
  • 3rd Company (Louisiana)
  • 4th Company (Louisiana)

Fourth Corps[edit]

LTG Richard H. Anderson[7]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Johnson's Division
     MG Bushrod R. Johnson[8]
     BG William H. Wallace

Wallace's Brigade


   BG William H. Wallace

  • 17th South Carolina Infantry: Cpt E. A. Crawford
  • 18th South Carolina Infantry: Ltc W. B. Allison
  • 22nd South Carolina Infantry: Col William G. Burt
  • 23rd South Carolina Infantry: Ltc John M. Kinloch
  • 26th South Carolina Infantry: Maj Ceth S. Land
  • Holcombe (South Carolina) Legion
Moody's Brigade


   BG Young M. Moody (c, April 8)
   Col Martin L. Stansel

  • 41st Alabama Infantry: Col Martin L. Stansel
  • 43rd Alabama Infantry: Maj William J. Mims
  • 59th Alabama Infantry: Maj Lewis H. Crumpler
  • 60th Alabama Infantry: Col John W. A. Sanford
  • 23rd Alabama Battalion: Maj Nicholas Stallworth
Wise's Brigade


   BG Henry A. Wise

Ransom's Brigade


   BG Matthew W. Ransom

  • 24th North Carolina Infantry
  • 25th North Carolina Infantry: Col Henry M. Rutledge
  • 35th North Carolina Infantry: Maj Robert E. Petty
  • 49th North Carolina Infantry: Maj Charles Q. Petty
  • 56th North Carolina Infantry: Col Paul F. Faison

Artillery
     Col Hilary P. Jones

Coit's Battalion


   Maj James C. Coit

  • Wright's (Virginia) Battery
  • Pegram's (Virginia) Battery
  • Bradford's (Mississippi) Battery
Blount's Battalion


   Maj Joseph G. Blount

  • Georgia Battalion: Cpt C. W. Slaten
  • Cumming's (North Carolina) Battery: Lt Alexander D. Brown
  • Miller's (North Carolina) Battery
  • Young's (Virginia) Battery
Stribling's Battalion


   Maj Robert M. Stribling

  • Dickerson's (Virginia) Battery
  • Marshall's (Virginia) Battery: Lt T. Marshall Archer
  • Macon's (Virginia) Battery
  • Sullivan's (Virginia) Battery: Lt William S. Archer
Smith's Battalion


   Cpt William F. Dement

  • 1st Maryland Battery: Lt John Gale
  • Johnston's (Virginia) Battery: Lt Thomas R. Adams
  • Neblett's (Virginia) Battery: Lt Robert J. Braswell
  • Virginia Battery: Cpt John W. Drewry
  • Virginia Battery: Cpt Thomas Kevill
Sturdivant's Battalion[3]


   Cpt N. A. Sturdivant

  • Martin's (Virginia) Battery
  • Sturdivant's (Virginia) Battery

Cavalry Corps[edit]

MG Fitzhugh Lee

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Fitzhugh Lee's Division
     Col Thomas T. Munford

Munford's Brigade
Payne's Brigade


   BG William H. F. Payne (w, March 30)
   Col Reuben B. Boston (k, April 6)

Gary's Brigade


   BG Martin W. Gary

  • 7th Georgia Cavalry: Cpt William H. Burroughs
  • 7th South Carolina Cavalry: Col Alexander C. Haskell
  • Hampton Legion (South Carolina): Ltc Robert B. Arnold
  • 24th Virginia Cavalry: Col William T. Robins

W. H. F. Lee's Division
     MG William. H. F. Lee

Barringer's Brigade


   BG Rufus Barringer (c, April 3)

  • 1st North Carolina Cavalry
  • 2nd North Carolina Cavalry
  • 3rd North Carolina Cavalry
  • 5th North Carolina Cavalry
Beale's Brigade


   Cpt Samuel H. Burt

Robert's Brigade


   BG William P. Roberts

  • 4th North Carolina Cavalry
  • 16th North Carolina Cavalry Battalion

Rosser's Division
     MG Thomas L. Rosser

Dearing's Brigade


   BG James Dearing (k, April 6)
   Col Asher W. Harman

McCausland's Brigade

Horse Artillery
     Ltc R. Preston Chew

Breathed's Battalion


   Maj James Breathed

  • Johnston's (Virginia) Battery
  • Shoemaker's (Virginia) Battery
  • Thomson's (Virginia) Battery
Chew's Battalion
  • Graham's (Virginia) Battery
  • McGregor's (Virginia) Battery

Department of Richmond[edit]

LTG Richard S. Ewell (c, April 6)
Ltc Thomas J. Spencer

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

G. W. C. Lee's Division
     MG G. W. C. Lee (c, April 6)

Barton's Brigade


   BG Seth M. Barton (c, April 6)

  • 40th Virginia Infantry
  • 47th and 50th Virginia Infantry
  • 22nd Virginia Infantry Battalion
  • 25th Virginia Infantry Battalion
Moore's Brigade


   BG Patrick T. Moore[9]

  • 2nd Virginia Local Defense Troops
  • 3rd Virginia Local Defense Troops
  • 1st Virginia Reserves
  • 2nd Virginia Reserves
  • 1st Virginia Reserves Battalion
  • 2nd Virginia Reserves Battalion
Artillery Brigade


   Col Stapleton Crutchfield (k, April 6)
   2nd Lt Kena K. Chapman[10]

  • 10th Virginia Heavy Artillery Battalion
  • 18th Virginia Heavy Artillery Battalion
  • 19th Virginia Heavy Artillery Battalion
  • 20th Virginia Heavy Artillery Battalion
  • 18th Georgia Heavy Artillery Battalion

Other units

Drewry's Bluff garrison


   Maj F. W. Smith (k, April 5)

  • Young's Howitzers (Virginia)
  • Johnston (Eppes) Heavy Artillery (Virginia)
  • Neblett's Artillery (Virginia)
  • Lunenburg Heavy Artillery (Virginia)
  • Pamunkey Heavy Artillery (Virginia)
  • Southside Heavy Artillery (Virginia)
  • United Artillery/Kevill's Company (Virginia)
Naval Brigade


   Commodore John R. Tucker (c, April 6)

  • Composed of sailors from the James River Squadron
Unattached units
  • Chaffin's Bluff: Ltc J. M. Maury
  • Marines: Cpt John D. Simms (c, April 6)

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Military District


     BG Henry A. Wise

Petersburg


   Maj W. H. Ker

  • 3rd Virginia Reserves Battalion
  • 44th Virginia Battalion
Unattached units
  • Hood's Battalion, Virginia Militia
  • Second-class militia
  • Independent Signal Corps

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLVI, Part 1, pages 1267-1276
  2. ^ During the retreat Kershaw's and G. W. C. Lee's divisions, with other troops from the defenses of Richmond, were commanded by Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell.
  3. ^ a b c d This artillery battalion were shown on the Army of Northern Virginia returns for March 31, but do not enumerated on the Appomattox paroles.
  4. ^ Temporarily attached during the retreat.
  5. ^ Attached to First Corps April 2, after death of General Hill.
  6. ^ Marvel, p. 226.
  7. ^ Relieved of command, April 8. Johnson's Division was reassigned to the Second Corps on April 8.
  8. ^ Relieved of command, April 8.
  9. ^ Apparently did not accompany his command on the retreat
  10. ^ Marvel, p. 195.

References[edit]

•Marvel, William. Lee's Last Retreat: The Flight to Appomattox. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. ISBN 978-0-8078-5703-8.