April 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 14 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Apr.16

All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 28 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For April 15th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 2.

Saints[edit]

  • Andrew, Anastasius, Thalaleus, Theodoretus, Ivchirion, Jordan, Quadratus, Lucian, Mimnenus, Nerangius, Polyeuctus, Jacob, Phocas, Domentianus, Victor, and Zosima (Chorimos), of Georgia, in Armenia.

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

  • Martyrs Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus, at Rome, under Trajan (ca. 99)[20][note 6]
  • Martyr Eutychius, in Ferentino in Italy.[20]
  • Child-martyr Laurentinus Sossius, a boy aged five, martyred on Good Friday in Valrovina near Vicenza in Italy (485)[20]
  • Saint Paternus (Paternus of Vannes, Padarn), Bishop and founder of the monastery of Llanbadarn Fawr (the great monastery of Padarn) near Aberystwyth in Wales (565)[5][20][21][note 7] (see also: April 16)
  • Saint Ruadhan (Ruadan, Rodan), one of the leading disciples of St Finian of Clonard, founder and abbot of Lothra (Ireland) (ca. 584)[4][5][20]
  • Saint Silvester, second Abbot of Moutier-Saint-Jean (Réome) near Dijon in France (ca. 625)[20]
  • Saint Hunna, the self-sacrificing wife of a nobleman in Alsace, now in France (679)[20]
  • Saint Nidger (Nidgar, Nitgar), Abbot of Ottobeuren Abbey in Bavaria, became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany (ca. 829)[20]
  • Saint Mundus (Munde, Mund, Mond), an abbot who founded several monasteries in Argyll in Scotland (ca. 962)[20]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

  • New Hieromartyr Alexander Gnevushev, Priest (1930)[5][6]

Other Commemorations[edit]

  • Repose of Metropolitan Sergius (Voskresensky) of Vilnius and Lithuania (1944)[4][note 13]
  • Repose of Hieroschemamonk Michael (Pitkevich) of Valaam and Pskov Caves, the last Elder of Valaam (1962)[4]
  • Repose of Bishop Stephen (Nikitin) of Kaluga (1963)[4]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Gregorian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
  2. ^ "AT Rome, the Saints Basilissa and Anastasia. Of noble family, they were disciples of the Apostles, and as they persevered courageously in the profession of their faith in the time of the emperor Nero, they had their tongues and feet cut off, were put to the sword, and thus obtained the crown of martyrdom."[9]
  3. ^ "In Persia, in the reign of the emperor Decius, the holy martyrs Maxinius and OJympiades, who were beaten with rods and whips, and struck on their heads with clubs until they breathed their last."[9]
  4. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Leonidas (Λεωνίδας).
    See: (Greek) Άγιος Λεωνίδας Επίσκοπος Αθηνών. Βικιπαίδεια. (Greek Wikipedia).
  5. ^ St Sava the Goth in Bessarabia (372). Sava was martyred by pagan Goths. St Basil the Great asked for his relics, which he received, and wrote a panegyric in St Sava’s honour. He is especially venerated throughout Bessarabia, Moldavia, Wallachia and Romania.[17]
  6. ^ "The same day, the holy martyrs Maro, Eutyches, and Victorinus, who, with blessed Flavia Domitilla, were banished to the island of Pontia (Ponza) for the confession of Christ. Being recalled in the reign of Nerva, and having converted many to the faith, they were put to death in different manners by the judge Valerian during the persecution of Trajan."[9]
  7. ^ "Several Saints bear the name of PATERNUS. The one commemorated to-day was intimately connected with Great Britain, though a native of Brittany, and the son of a holy man called Petran, who had quitted his family and his country to embrace the religious state in Ireland. St. Padarn also forsook his home with the intention of joining his father; but, by the order of Providence, he landed in Wales, and there found an ample field for the exercise of his zeal in God's service. He established the great Abbey of Llanbadarn Vaur, which is said to have been the seat of his bishopric, and, according to the tradition, built other monasteries and churches. He was indefatigable in preaching the Faith, consoling the sick and afflicted, and ministering to the poor, while he was incessantly devoted to prayer and holy austerity of life. By such virtues he earned the title of one of the Blessed Visitors of Britain. According to the account received in Brittany, St. Padarn, after completing his work in Wales, returned to his native country, and there reposed in the Lord."[22]
  8. ^ St Mstislav, Sovereign of Kyiv (1132). A son of St Volodymyr Monomach and his English wife, Gytha (daughter of King Harold of England), Mstislav received a second name in Baptism, that of his royal English grandfather, "Harold". In fact, the Norse sagas mention him only as "Harald".[17]
  9. ^ "Miracle worker, born Bucovina, 1370-75, died Moldovita, c. 1455. Romanian Church. He was hegumenos of the monastery of Moldovita between 1445 and 1455, and organized the monks into three groups who took it in turns to pray, work and celebrate the liturgy. He had the gift of healing."[25]
  10. ^ A monk of the monastery of Pereyaslavl, he rebuilt it after a Polish invasion and an epidemic of the plague which led to its abandonment.[27]
  11. ^ See: (Greek) Ανανίας Λαμπάρδης μητροπολίτης Λακεδαιμονίας. Βικιπαίδεια. (Greek Wikipedia).
  12. ^ See: (Russian) Даниил Ачинский. Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  13. ^ See: (Russian) Сергий (Воскресенский). Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Apostle Aristarchus of the Seventy. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  2. ^ Apostle Pudens of the Seventy. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  3. ^ Apostle Trophimus of the Seventy. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m April 15 / April 28. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h April 28 / April 15. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  6. ^ a b c d e (Russian) 15 апреля (ст.ст.) 28 апреля 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἁγίες Ἀναστασία καὶ Βασίλισσα μαθήτριες τῶν Ἀποστόλων Πέτρου καὶ Παύλου. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ Martyr Basilissa of Rome the Disciple of Apostles Peter and Paul. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  9. ^ a b c d e The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. p. 106.
  10. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Σούκιος ὁ Μάρτυρας καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ δέκα ἐννέα Μάρτυρες. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ Martyr Suchias and his Soldiers in Georgia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Θεόδωρος καὶ Παυσολύπιος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Μάξιμος καὶ Ὀλυμπιάδα οἱ Μάρτυρες. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Λεωνίδης Ἐπίσκοπος Ἀθηνῶν. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Κρήσκης ὁ Μάρτυρας. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. ^ Martyr Sava the Goth of Wallachia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  17. ^ a b c Dr. Alexander Roman. April. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  18. ^ St Ephraim the Great of Atsquri. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  19. ^ Archpriest Zakaria Machitadze. SAINT EPREM THE GREAT OF ATSQURI (9TH CENTURY). PRAVOSLAVIE.RU. (Memory 15 April (28 May)).
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i April 15. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πατέρνος. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. p. 159.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Μστισλάβος – Θεόδωρος πρίγκιπας Κιέβου. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Βασίλειος ὁ Θαυματουργός. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. ^ a b Michael J. Walsh. A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West. Liturgical Press, 2007. p. 87. ISBN 9780814631867
  26. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Διονύσιος τοῦ Περεγιασλάβλ. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  27. ^ a b Michael J. Walsh. A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West. Liturgical Press, 2007. p. 157. ISBN 9780814631867
  28. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀνανίας ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας Μητροπολίτης Λακεδαιμονίας. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  29. ^ St Basil of Poiana Marului. OCA - Lives of the Saints.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources