April 2, 2006 tornado outbreak

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April 2, 2006 tornado outbreak
Tornado southofKennett.jpg
The F3 Marmaduke/Caruthersville tornado near Kennett, Missouri
Date(s) April 2, 2006
Duration 6 hours, 43 minutes
Tornadoes caused 66 confirmed
Maximum rated tornado F3 (Fujita scale)
Damages $1.1 billion[1]
Casualties 28 + 2 non-tornadic

The April 2, 2006 tornado outbreak was a series of tornadoes that occurred during the late afternoon and evening of April 2, 2006, in the central United States. It was the second major outbreak of 2006, in the same area that suffered considerable destruction in a previous outbreak on March 11 and March 12, as well as an outbreak on November 15, 2005.[citation needed] The most notable tornadoes of the outbreak struck northeastern Arkansas, the Missouri Bootheel, and West Tennessee, where several communities – including Marmaduke, Arkansas, Caruthersville, Missouri, and Newbern, Tennessee suffered devastating damage. In total, 66 tornadoes touched down across seven states, which is the most in a single day in 2006. In addition, there were over 850 total severe weather reports, including many reports of straight-line winds exceeding hurricane force and hail as large as softballs, which caused significant additional damage in a nine-state region.[2]

The outbreak was a deadly one; there were a total of 28 tornado-related deaths plus two other deaths from straight-line winds.[3][4] It was the deadliest tornado outbreak in the United States since the May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence in the first week of May 2003, which killed 48 people. Twenty-six of those deaths were caused by a single supercell thunderstorm which produced damaging and long lived tornadoes from north central Arkansas into northwest Tennessee.

Meteorological synopsis[edit]

The outbreak took place as a result of a cold front that tracked across the central United States, triggered by a deep low pressure area in the Upper Midwest. The warm humid air mass ahead of the cold front, along with high upper-level wind shear, allowed for the production of supercells across the region.[5]

The outbreak was expected to have started the previous day in the High Plains as the cold front tracked across that region. The supercells did not fire up as expected and only one small tornado was reported on April 1, in Pawnee County, Kansas. Severe weather that day was largely restricted to significant microbursts and large hail.[6]

A moderate risk of severe weather was issued by the Storm Prediction Center (SPC) for April 2, with the main risk being tornadoes and large hail.[5] The primary risk area was the central Mississippi Valley and lower Ohio Valley up to central Illinois, which is where most of the tornadoes touched down. Many tornado watches – although no PDS watches – would be issued across the region. While a significant severe weather event was expected, the extreme nature caught many forecasters by surprise, based on the risk levels and probabilities estimated by the SPC in the main area affected.[7]

Farther north, the initial thunderstorm development in eastern Missouri quickly developed into a squall line, eventually becoming a derecho that produced many embedded – and generally weak – tornadoes and widespread wind damage across Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky and Ohio. Springfield, Illinois, struck by two tornadoes less than a month earlier, was hit again by tornadoes and damaging straight-line winds of up to 80 miles per hour (70 kn; 130 km/h), as was the St. Louis, Missouri area.[citation needed] The storm quickly tracked through Indiana, Ohio and Kentucky with a peak wind gust of 82 miles per hour (71 kn; 132 km/h) in Lexington, Kentucky.[citation needed] Wind damage was reported in and around Cincinnati, Ohio, Louisville, Kentucky and Indianapolis, Indiana among other cities.[2]

The line of storms would slowly weaken as it traveled eastward, and the severe weather came to an end late that evening.

Confirmed tornadoes[edit]

Confirmed tornadoes by Fujita rating
F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Total
27 25 8 6 0 0 66
List of confirmed tornadoes – Sunday, April 2, 2006
F#
Location
County
Time (UTC)
Path length
Damage
Iowa
F0 SW of Bloomfield Davis 2047 unknown Brief touchdown over open fields with no damage.[8]
F0 N of Pulaski Davis 2057 unknown Brief "pencil-thin" tornado remained over open fields with no damage.[9]
F2 W of Pittsburg Van Buren 2101 3 miles
(5 km)
Two houses lost their roofs and four outbuildings were destroyed. Many trees and power lines were downed as well.[10]
F1 N of Mount Zion Van Buren 2109 2.5 miles
(4 km)
A roof was blown off a barn with minor roof damage to a house. Several outbuildings were destroyed with tree damage noted.[11]
F1 S of Fairfield Jefferson 2118 unknown Brief tornado touchdown destroyed an outbuilding.[12]
F1 E of Stockport Van Buren 2119 3 miles
(5 km)
Several outbuildings were destroyed and numerous trees were knocked down.[13]
F2 Washington Washington 2147 1 mile
(1.6 km)
Tornado struck the west side of town. A garage was completely unroofed and a shed was destroyed. Numerous trees were snapped along the path, and metal sheeting was torn off a business near the end of the path.[14]
F1 S of Riverside Washington 2200 unknown Power lines were knocked down by this brief tornado.[15]
F0 SW of Hartford Warren 2206 unknown Brief tornado remained over open fields with no damage.[16]
F0 N of Runnells Polk 2231 unknown Brief tornado remained over open fields with no damage.[17]
Missouri
F2 NE of Perry to SE of Hatch Ralls 2125 3.2 miles
(5 km)
Near Clarence Cannon Dam, a convenience store sustained minor damage, a pole barn was destroyed and scattered, and two boats were flipped over. An RV dealership was badly damaged, sustaining collapse of its service bay, and with only one wall left standing on the second floor. At least 30 campers sustained some type of damage, and 8 to 10 of them were completely destroyed. Some of the camper frames were found 150 to 200 feet north of their initial positions, and debris from this area was scattered over 1/4 mile away. Three 1x3 inch boards were found stuck in the dealerships hard packed gravel lot. Further along the path, a pole barn was damaged, many trees were snapped, and a metal sign was stuck 4-6 inches into a tilled field.[18]
F0 Park Hills St. Francois 2200 150 yd
(130 m)
Caused minor damage to the roofs of three houses and an auto business. Numerous tree limbs were also snapped.[19]
F0 SW of Weingarten Ste. Genevieve 2205 2 miles
(3.2 km)
Three farms sustained minor home and machine shed damage, while several trees were snapped or uprooted.[20]
F0 N of Sikeston Scott 2343 2 miles
(3.2 km)
Several buildings on a farm sustained minor damage, along with the roof of a house.[21]
Arkansas
F1 SW of Williford to E of Ravenden Sharp, Lawrence 2159 10 miles
(16 km)
In Sharp County, a barn and a workshop were damaged, and many trees were snapped or uprooted. In Lawrence County, up to 40 homes were damaged. In the town of Ravenden, a barn, a rental house, and 4 unoccupied buildings were damaged.[22]
F3 S of Pocahontas, AR to Caruthersville, MO Randolph (AR), Greene (AR), Dunklin (MO), Pemiscot (MO) 2237 77 miles
(124 km)
2 deathssee section on this tornado.
F2 SE of Armstrong Springs to N of Searcy White 2235 6.3 miles
(10 km)
Tornado destroyed two mobile homes, and several other mobile homes were damaged. A self-storage warehouse was damaged as were three other businesses. Several dozen trees were uprooted, and power lines were downed. A number of vehicles were badly damaged as well.[23]
F3 SE of Morton to W of Crawfordsville Woodruff, Cross, Crittenden 2352 22 miles
(35 km)
In Woodruff County, the tornado was at F0 intensity, with limited to trees and power lines. In Cross County, the tornado reached F3 intensity and struck the small community of Fitzgerald Crossing, where 10 had major damage, with 27 homes and 5 mobile homes receiving minor damage. Village Creek State Park sustained damage to its visitor's center and tennis court. Two buildings sustained minor damage in Crittenden County, before the tornado dissipated. Many trees were snapped and uprooted along the path, and 5 people were injured.[24]
Illinois
F1 S of Blandinsville McDonough 2214 12 miles
(20 km)
A maintenance garage, two wooden barns, a metal pole barn, and 7 grain bins were destroyed. 4 grain bins were damaged, and extensive tree damage occurred as well.[25]
F0 NE of Piasa Macoupin 2215 2 miles
(3.2 km)
A mobile home was destroyed, and a grain bin and some farm buildings were damaged.[26]
F0 Piasa Macoupin 2215 0.5 mile
(800 m)
Numerous homes in town sustained roof and siding damage, and extensive tree and power line damage occurred. A barn was destroyed, a parking canopy collapsed, and a car was pushed off of a road.[27]
F2 Fairview Heights/O'Fallon areas St. Clair 2215 unknown 1 death – A clothing store sustained collapse of its roof, and a church sustained roof and steeple damage. Numerous homes were damaged, some heavily. One home had its roof torn off and thrown 100 yards. Many trees and power lines were downed as well, and 11 people were injured.[28]
F0 N of Terre Haute Henderson 2218 unknown Brief touchdown caused no damage.[29]
F0 S of Dorsey to SW of Staunton Madison, Macoupin 2220 16 miles
(26 km)
Near Dorsey, trees were damaged and roof shingles were blown off of a couple of homes. Damage to trees, power lines, and shingles occurred near Staunton as well.[30]
F1 SW of Highland Madison 2230 2 miles
(3.2 km)
A garage and a machine shed were destroyed, and homes sustained roof, window, and siding damage. Power poles were snapped as well.[31]
F0 N of Gillespie Macoupin 2235 100 yd
(90 m)
One mobile home was destroyed.[32]
F0 N of Walshville Montgomery 2241 1 mile
(1.6 km)
Damaged limited to a single farm, where a house suffered minor roof damage and a shed was destroyed. Some trees were downed as well.[33]
F1 SW of Loami Sangamon 2246 0.5 mile
(800 m)
Several large trees and some power lines were downed.[34]
F1 NE of Berlin Sangamon 2249 2 miles
(3.2 km)
A grain bin and a pole barn were destroyed, and another pole barn was damaged. Trees were snapped as well.[35]
F2 Hillsboro to E of Nokomis Montgomery 2250 20 miles
(32 km)
In Hillsboro, two gas stations and a car dealership sustained window and sign damage. Metal sheeting was blown into trees as well. East of town, several barns were destroyed, with debris scattered up to a mile away. Grain bins and machine sheds were also heavily damaged, and two high-tension towers were toppled.[36]
F1 N of Chatham Sangamon 2256 1 mile
(1.6 km)
Several homes sustained roof damage.[37]
F1 E of Farmersville to NW of Morrisonville Montgomery, Christian 2256 3 miles
(5 km)
Several outbuildings, grain bins, and barns were heavily damaged at three farms.[38]
F1 Springfield (1st tornado) Sangamon 2258 1 mile
(1.6 km)
Damage reported in the same area hit on March 12, with minor roof and structural damage to several businesses.
F0 SW of Pawnee Sangamon 2259 1.3 miles
(2 km)
Three grain bins were overturned and destroyed, and three barns were also damaged. Trees were downed as well.[39]
F1 Springfield (2nd tornado) Sangamon 2306 0.75 mile
(1.2 mile)
Fourth and final tornado to strike Springfield in 2006. The Illinois Department of Transportation building sustained roof damage.[40]
F1 Taylorville Christian 2308 6.3 miles
(10 km)
Multiple homes and businesses in town sustained roof and structural damage. Sheds were damaged and numerous trees were downed as well. One person was injured.[41]
F1 S of Riverton Sangamon 2313 1.5 miles
(2.4 mile)
Tornado struck a mobile home park, destroying 8 homes and damaging 30 others. Numerous trees were blown down and one person was injured.[42]
F1 N of Oconee to Pana Shelby, Christian 2315 6 miles
(9.5 km)
A shed had its roof torn off and another shed was blown across a field. In Pana, many trees were downed and homes sustained roof damage.[43]
F0 NE of Taylorville Christian 2317 unknown Brief touchdown in an open field with no damage.[44]
F1 Assumption Christian 2320 1 miles
(1.6 km)
Minor roof and tree damage occurred in town.[45]
F0 Greenview Menard 2322 0.25 mile
(400 m)
A house sustained minor siding damage.[46]
F0 E of Niantic Macon 2330 0.1 mile
(150 m)
Brief touchdown in an open field with no damage.[46]
F2 SW of Macon Macon 2330 4.5 miles
(7.5 km)
One large barn was destroyed with debris scattered up to a mile away. A house sustained minor roof damage as well.[47]
F0 SE of Lincoln Logan 2332 1 miles
(1.6 km)
Tornado damaged a barn, blew down a large tree, and damaged a grain storage bin.[48]
F0 NW of Chestnut Logan 2336 2.5 miles
(4 km)
Tornado caused roof damage to several barns, blew down a few trees, and damaged shingles on homes.[49]
F1 SW of Elwin to S of Decatur Macon 2336 7.5 miles
(11.5 km)
Tornado snapped power poles and blew down numerous trees along its path. It damaged the roof of several structures and broke a window and some signs at a strip mall. Three people were injured by flying glass.[50]
F0 Neoga Cumberland 2342 0.75 mile
(1.2 km)
The roof was damaged at a local school, plus several trees were knocked down.[51]
F0 N of Weldon De Witt 0001 0.1 mile
(150 m)
Tornado remained in open fields with no damage.[52]
F0 S of Towanda McLean 0008 0.1 mile
(150 m)
Tornado remained in open fields with no damage.[53]
F0 S of Arrowsmith McLean, Woodford 0012 0.5 mile
(800 m)
A barn was destroyed, and another barn had its metal roof torn off. Three concrete grain silos were destroyed as well.[54]
F0 Champaign area Champaign 0015 0.1 mile
(150 m)
Brief touchdown with no damage.[55]
F0 SW of Saybrook McLean, Livingston 0022 2.25 miles
(3.5 km)
Tornado remained over open fields with no damage.[56]
F0 Flatville Champaign 0025 0.25 mile
(400 m)
Minor structural damage occurred in town.[57]
Tennessee
F3 N of Lenox to E of Newbern Dyer, Gibson 0030 18 miles
(29 km)
16 deaths – This devastating tornado affected rural areas before it clipped the north edge of Newbern, where major damage occurred. 71 homes were destroyed and 182 others were damaged. Some frail homes were swept completely away. 70 people were injured.[58]
F3 W of Dyer to S of McKenzie Gibson, Weakley, Carroll 0109 31 miles
(50 km)
6 deaths – Tornado touched down and caused some damage in Dyer before rapidly intensifying and striking Bradford. Bradford was severely damaged, with 75 homes destroyed and 250 others damaged. The police station was destroyed, and several businesses were heavily damaged. The tornado then passed near Pillowville, with 4 homes destroyed and 38 others damaged in that area. Two barns were destroyed as well. South of McKenzie, 34 homes, two apartments, one shop building, and 9 farm buildings were damaged. A church and some grain bins were also destroyed before the tornado dissipated. 44 people were injured, and many trees and power lines were downed along the path. All fatalities occurred in Bradford.[59]
F3 N of Rutherford Gibson 0125 10 miles
(16 km)
2 deaths – 6 homes were destroyed and 250 others were damaged. Vehicles were picked up and thrown into fields. 6 people were injured.[60]
F1 Longtown area Fayette 0245 1 mile
(1.6 km)
Ten homes and two businesses were damaged, along with many barns and outbuildings. Numerous trees and power lines were downed and two people were injured.[61]
F1 SW of Camden Benton 0255 unknown A trucking company was completely destroyed, with debris scattered up to 2 miles away.[62]
F2 W of Brownsville Haywood 0325 0.75 mile
(1.2 km)
Considerable damage occurred in the Hickory Mills subdivision. 24 homes sustained roof damage, and one was destroyed. Another home was moved off of its foundation.[63]
Kentucky
F0 E of Gage McCracken 0031 unknown Tornado remained over open country with no damage.[64]
F3 N of Hopkinsville Christian, Todd 0150 30 miles
(48 km)
Large wedge tornado. In Christian County, 91 homes were destroyed and 171 others were damaged. Numerous garages, barns, and outbuildings were destroyed, and some vehicles were damaged or destroyed as well. Hundreds of trees were downed, snapped, or uprooted, and several metal high-tension towers were toppled, cutting off power to Hopkinsville for 6 hours. In Todd County, 2 homes were destroyed and 28 others were damaged. Close to two dozen sheds and barns were damaged or destroyed, along with at least one grain bin. Numerous trees were uprooted, and some farm machinery and vehicles were damaged or destroyed, including tractors and combines. A church had its roof torn off and its windows blown out in Cedar Grove before the tornado dissipated. Gas leaks were reported in the area, and 28 people were injured.[65]
F1 N of Shelbyville Shelby 0215 2 miles
(3.2 km)
Anticyclonic tornado damaged trees and power lines.[66]
F1 SE of Edwards Logan 0330 2 miles
(3.2 km)
Unknown minor damage occurred.[67]
Indiana
F1 Mitchell Lawrence 0105 unknown A few homes and businesses were damaged in town.[68]
F1 SE of Romney Tippecanoe 0110 unknown Minor damage occurred, mostly to outbuildings.[69]
F1 Seymour Jackson 0145 unknown Minor to moderate damage to several houses in town. Numerous trees and power lines also knocked down.[70]
Sources: SPC Storm Reports for 04/02, Little Rock office, Quad Cities office, Memphis office, Paducah office, Lincoln office, Nashville office, Indianapolis office, Louisville office, National Climatic Data Center

Marmaduke, AR/Caruthersville, MO F3 tornado[edit]

The most infamous tornado of the outbreak touched down in Randolph County, Arkansas just south of Pocahontas. The tornado first struck the small community of Shannon at F1 intensity. 3 businesses and 5 homes were destroyed. Another two businesses and two homes had major damage, and 18 other homes had minor damage.[71] Past Shannon, the tornado rapidly intensified into a large high-end F3 as it crossed into Greene County and slammed into the town of Marmaduke. The town was devastated, with 130 homes and 25 mobile homes being destroyed. A pharmacy and some industrial buildings were also destroyed, and the town's water tower was damaged. Multiple vehicles were tossed around, and 15 railroad cars were blown off of the tracks as well. 47 people were injured in town, two of which were airlifted to a hospital. Outside of town, 19 homes and 11 mobile homes were destroyed. In addition, seven houses and two mobile homes had major damage in the county. A car was thrown 80 yards from one residence well.[72][73]

The tornado then crossed the St. Francis River into Dunklin County, Missouri, where it displayed a multiple-vortex structure. 7 homes were destroyed and 33 others were damaged in rural portions of the county. Multiple power poles were downed as well.[74] The tornado then crossed into Pemiscot County, and struck the town of Braggadocio at F2 intensity. The tornado's only two fatalities occurred at that location when a couple was killed in their car as they tried to flee from the tornado. The tornado then re-intensified to a high-end F3 as it tore through the neighboring town of Caruthersville, destroying roughly half of the community and injuring 130 people. 226 homes were destroyed, and 542 others were damaged in town. The town's water tower, municipal airport, several churches, Caruthersville High School and Middle School, and multiple businesses were destroyed as well. The tornado abruptly dissipated just outside of town after traveling 77 miles.[72][75]

Aftermath[edit]

Six months after the tornado, debris remained scattered throughout Marmaduke. Many homes and businesses had been rebuilt; while many others remained in their tornado-damaged state. The Marmaduke water tower, which was heavily damaged, was torn down shortly after the tornado. The primary employer in the area, American Railcar Industries, rebuilt its facility and quickly returned it to operational status.[76]

On August 29, 2006, Caruthersville Emergency Manager and Fire Chief Charlie Jones was awarded the StormReady Community Hero Award for his actions preventing further injuries and fatalities in the area. He summoned the sirens to ring repeatedly and used the fire department's communications availability to warn of the imminent and extreme danger that lay ahead, which saved many lives that evening. No lives were lost in Caruthersville as a result.[77] More than half the community was destroyed. Charitable outpouring was enormous and several key buildings, including one of the schools, have been rebuilt.[78]

Numerous FEMA trailers – intended for Hurricane Katrina victims but unused and sitting nearby – were redirected to the communities affected in Arkansas, Missouri, and Tennessee after the tornadoes hit.[76]

Damage images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Billion Dollar US Weather Disasters" (PDF). NOAA. 2008-01-01. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  2. ^ a b Storm Prediction Center 20060402's Storm Reports
  3. ^ WAVE 3 TV Louisville, KY :: Massive Cleanup After Deadly Storms As Towns Mourn 28 Victims
  4. ^ NCDC: Event Details
  5. ^ a b Storm Prediction Center Apr 2, 2006 0600 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook
  6. ^ Storm Prediction Center 20060401's Storm Reports
  7. ^ SPC Watch Hazard Probabilities Table: Tornado Watch 132
  8. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5497367
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  21. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501596
  22. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506238
  23. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502327
  24. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506241
  25. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501979
  26. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499253
  27. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499252
  28. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501074
  29. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501973
  30. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501076
  31. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501073
  32. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499254
  33. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501328
  34. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499677
  35. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499678
  36. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501329
  37. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499679
  38. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499255
  39. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499681
  40. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499682
  41. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499684
  42. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499739
  43. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499741
  44. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499738
  45. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499742
  46. ^ a b http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499743
  47. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499745
  48. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499746
  49. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499747
  50. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499748
  51. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499749
  52. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499750
  53. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499751
  54. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499829
  55. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499830
  56. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499347
  57. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499832
  58. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506368
  59. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506441
  60. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506443
  61. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506444
  62. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5497064
  63. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506442
  64. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501776
  65. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501849
  66. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499884
  67. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499885
  68. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500453
  69. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500454
  70. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500455
  71. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506239
  72. ^ a b http://www.srh.noaa.gov/meg/?n=apr22006tornadooutbreak
  73. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506240
  74. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506266
  75. ^ http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5506267
  76. ^ a b Jonesboro Sun
  77. ^ NWS Southern Region – Caruthersville, Missouri Fire Chief Honored as StormReady Community Hero
  78. ^ seMissourian.com: Story: Mayor says progress 'slow and steady'

External links[edit]