April 2010 tornado outbreak

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Not to be confused with April-May 2010 tornado outbreak.
April 2010 tornado outbreak
Tornado damage April 2010 tornado outbreak.jpg
Tornado damage in central Mississippi caused by one of the tornadoes during the outbreak.
Date(s) April 22–25, 2010
Duration 77 hours, 3 minutes
Tornadoes caused 88 confirmed
Maximum rated tornado EF4 (Enhanced Fujita Scale)
Damages $425 million[1]
Casualties 10

The April 2010 tornado outbreak was a multi-day tornado outbreak across a large portion of the Southern United States, originally starting in the High Plains on April 22, 2010 and continuing through the Southern Plains on April 23, and the Mississippi and Tennessee Valleys on April 24. The most severe activity was on April 24, particularly in Mississippi. The outbreak was responsible for ten tornado-related fatalities on April 24, all in Mississippi from a single supercell that crossed the entire state.

Meteorological synopsis[edit]

April 22-23[edit]

A complex weather system began to track across the central and southern United States beginning on April 22. Scattered thunderstorms initially developed across the central and eastern Great Plains region late during the afternoon and then moved into the southeast Texas Panhandle and the Osage Plains during the evening and overnight hours. Large hail occurred with the stronger storms, but the most severe storms produced damaging winds and tornadoes. By late evening, new activity developed into a line of storms which swept through the Osage Plains.[2] Many tornadoes were produced in southeastern Colorado, but they occurred over open fields and did not cause a significant amount of damage.[3] However, one tornado in south central Kiowa County destroyed a small (15 foot x 30 foot) barn.[4] In Kansas, numerous tornado-producing storms caused damage across a number of southwest Kansas counties. The public first reported a mile-wide tornado at around 4:40 pm west of Lakin. The storm tracked two miles southwest of Lakin at about 5:10 pm and was spotted again six miles northwest of Deerfield at approximately 5:40 pm. A tornadic storm in Kearny County uprooted trees and caused power outages at residences west of Lakin. No injuries were reported from it. In Finney County, no damage or injuries were reported from tornadic activity that traveled mostly above open farmland. In Scott County, a tornado was spotted four miles south of Scott City at about 7:10 p.m. Grain bins near Scott City were damaged, a barn partially collapsed with part of its roof torn off and some trees and power lines were reported down from it.[5] The strongest tornado in Kansas occurred in Kearny County and was rated EF2.[6] There were numerous tornadoes in the Texas Panhandle and one tornado in the Oklahoma Panhandle,[7] which included one that was rated EF3 in Cottle County, Texas.[8]

On April 23, an upper level storm system increased in strength as it moved from the southern Rockies to the southern Great Plains region. A cold front moved across east-central Texas, eastern Oklahoma, and the Missouri River Valley through the night. Moist air ahead of the cold front in the south central states allowed for strong to severe thunderstorms to develop across the Mississippi Valley.[9] A moderate risk of severe weather was issued across the Ark-La-Tex region and lower Mississippi Valley.[10] There were five EF0 tornadoes in east Texas and southwest Arkansas during the late night and into the early morning of April 24.[11] One tornado in Missouri traveled for 22 miles (35 km), but did not cause any significant damage.[12]

April 24[edit]

Storm Prediction Center risk map for severe thunderstorms on April 24, 2010. The high risk was later expanded northward.

On April 24, an energetic upper level storm system strengthened as it moved from Texas to the southern Great Lakes Region. A cold front moved eastward across the middle and lower Mississippi River Valley before heading into the Ohio River Valley and stretched into the Mid-South portion of the United States. In front of the cold front, a warm, moist and unstable air mass spread northward from the lower Mississippi River Valley and northern Gulf Coast States into the middle Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys. There were already thunderstorms that had formed during the morning hours and the conditions would only become more numerous throughout the day. This set the stage for a significant severe weather outbreak with the potential for strong and violent tornadoes, large hail, and damaging winds.[13] As a result, the Storm Prediction Center issued a rare high risk of severe weather for portions of Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, and Kentucky, the first such issuance since April 26, 2009.[14] Four "particularly dangerous situation" tornado watches were issued that day for areas of Missouri, Kentucky, Illinois, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Alabama.[15][16][17][18] The outbreak of severe weather caused NASCAR to call off the Aaron's 312 race in Talladega, Alabama.[19] In Tennessee, there were three EF1 tornadoes and an EF0 tornado on April 24, and an EF2 early on April 25.[20] The EF2 struck after 2 a.m. and caused damage in three counties. Despite extensive structural damage, there were no injuries.[21]

Alabama was hard hit by tornadoes on this day. An EF4 tornado struck southeastern DeKalb County in the Mount Vernon area. The most serious damage occurred near the intersection of County Roads 80 and 55, where a church and a two-story home were destroyed. Several mobile homes were destroyed and numerous large trees were snapped or uprooted. Five injuries occurred from this tornado.[22] An EF3 tornado touched down in south Albertville. Throughout the event, the tornado skipped and hit other places along its path from Marshall County to Geraldine in DeKalb County. The first damage reports came in at around 10:15 p.m. The storm left the downtown area of Albertville in complete destruction, then downed trees and power lines in DeKalb County.[23] Fifty-nine homes in Albertville were destroyed by the tornado. Another 198 had major damage while 157 had minor damage - a total of 414 homes impacted by the storm.[24] It also caused damage to the middle and high school in Albertville.[25] Another EF3 tornado touched down in Parrish and tracked through Cordova and Corner. Significant damage to buildings occurred in Parrish and Cordova, while Corner and Blount County primarily suffered uprooted or broken trees, with at least one travel trailer overturned and some minor structural damage. Arkadelphia Road near Skyline Road was blocked for a time by fallen trees and debris.[26] A total of 70 to 80 homes and businesses sustained damage from the tornado.[27] A third EF3 tornado in Alabama struck a trailer park in Mentone. The tornado destroyed nine of the 11 manufactured homes in the park. Seven people were injured from it.[28]

The severe weather and tornadoes also wreaked havoc across Mississippi. Near Starkville, an EF2 tornado destroyed an unoccupied mobile home and damaged 20 homes, as well as snapping and uprooting numerous trees, damaging a barn and snapped three power poles.[29] Ten people were killed and 146 others were injured when an EF4 tornado, which started in Louisiana, tore through the state of Mississippi.[30] An EF2 tornado that moved over Jasper and Lauderdale counties caused significant structural damage to a church and destroyed an outbuilding. An EF1 tornado that moved over Lauderdale and Kemper counties damaged or destroyed four barns and destroyed one shed.[31] In all, 319 homes were damaged in Yazoo County; 114 in Choctaw County; 60 in Holmes County; 48 homes and three businesses were damaged in Monroe County; 63 homes damaged in Union County; 42 homes damaged in Warren County; and 35 homes damaged in Attala County.[32]

Tallulah-Yazoo City-Durant tornado[edit]

Tornado damage in Yazoo City, Mississippi

The most catastrophic storm of the entire outbreak cultivated over northern Louisiana during the late morning hours of April 24. The tornado became strong almost immediately, bending and destroying several high-tension power poles west of Tallulah. The tornado then crossed Interstate 20, blowing an 18-wheeler off the road. As the tornado passed northwest and north of Tallulah, it heavily damaged or destroyed a number of homes. Before crossing the Mississippi River, it caused near total destruction of a chemical plant near the Omega community. It crossed the Mississippi River shortly thereafter, and damaged or destroyed numerous homes on the north side of Eagle Lake. The tornado then moved across the Delta National Forest in Issaquena and Sharkey Counties, causing major tree damage. The tornado again caused significant home damage northwest of Satartia, and again as it crossed Highway 3 near the Crupp community. The tornado then moved through rural areas southwest of Yazoo City, causing major damage or total destruction of a number of homes, as well as intense tree damage. As the tornado approached the intersection of U.S. Route 49 and Highway 16 on the south side of Yazoo City, it reached its widest point and maximum intensity. Several buildings, including a church and several businesses, were totally destroyed or even flattened. The tornado continued moving through residential areas on the southeast side of Yazoo City, heavily damaging or destroying numerous homes. The tornado continued northeast through rural eastern Yazoo and southern Holmes Counties, causing intense tree damage and damaging or destroying a number of rural residences. As the tornado moved by the Franklin community in rural Holmes County, it again reached EF4 intensity as it completely destroyed two brick homes and heavily damaged or destroyed a number of other homes.[33]

Doppler radar images of the tornadic supercell as the tornado hit Yazoo City. 0.5-degree elevation, base reflectivity on the left, storm relative velocity on the right. Note the visible "debris ball" just southeast of Yazoo City on the reflectivity display.

The tornado then crossed Interstate 55, causing significant tree damage and blowing a number of vehicles off the road. As the tornado approached the area just south of Durant and crossed U.S. Route 51, it narrowed and reached one of its weaker points in its track, but was still on the ground. However, shortly thereafter it re-intensified somewhat and began causing significant tree damage in rural western Attala County. The tornado continued across northern Attala County, causing tree damage and heavily damaging a number of rural residences, including in the community of Hesterville. The tornado intensified further as it crossed the Natchez Trace Parkway, and once again produced high-end EF3 damage as it passed northwest of Weir. Numerous homes were heavily damaged or destroyed in this area. The tornado maintained strong intensity as it crossed the remainder of Choctaw County, including damaging a number of homes as it cross Highways 415, 9 and Highways 15. The tornado rapidly narrowed and weakened as it crossed into Oktibbeha County, and dissipated north of the town of Sturgis after being on the ground for nearly 3 hours.[33]

The tornado tracked 149.25 miles (240.19 km), making it the fourth longest in Mississippi history. The tornado was up to 1.75 miles (2.82 km) wide at its widest point, making it the widest tornado ever to tear through Mississippi. The ten fatalities and 146 injuries made it Mississippi's ninth deadliest tornado since 1900.[34] The tornado was rated as an EF4, producing its most severe damage in Yazoo and Holmes Counties. The tornado's wind speed peaked at 170 miles per hour (270 km/h).[35] It was the state's worst natural disaster since Hurricane Katrina in 2005.[36]

Tornadoes[edit]

Confirmed tornadoes by Fujita rating
EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5 Total
56 17 9 4 2 0 88

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms
  2. ^ "Severe Weather Returns: 22 April 2010". National Weather Service in Lubbock, Texas. 2010-04-25. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  3. ^ Mestas, Anthony A (2010-04-23). "Twisters spotted in Southeastern Colorado". The Pueblo Chieftain. Archived from the original on 26 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  4. ^ "Updated: EF1 damage found during Damage Survey for the April 22nd 2010 Southeast Colorado Tornado Outbreak". National Weather Service in Pueblo, Colorado. 2010-04-25. Retrieved 2010-05-09. 
  5. ^ Ahmad, Shajia (2010-04-23). "Tornadoes touch down". Garden City Telegram. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  6. ^ "Tornado That Hit In Kearny County Rated An EF-2". KAKE-TV. 2010-04-25. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-09. 
  7. ^ "National Weather Service confirms Eight tornados". KVII-TV. 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2010-05-09. 
  8. ^ "Event Record Details". National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved 2010-10-07. 
  9. ^ Spencer, Jim (2010-04-23). "Severe Storms Threaten Tonight". KXAN-TV. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  10. ^ "Apr 23, 2010 1630 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook". Storm Prediction Center. 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2010-05-11. 
  11. ^ "Severe Weather Event of April 23–24, 2010 in East Texas and SW Arkansas". National Weather Service in Shreveport, Louisiana. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-11. 
  12. ^ "Tornadic Supercell April 23rd, 2010". National Weather Service in St. Louis, Missouri. 2010-04-29. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-11. 
  13. ^ Craig, Kevin (2010-04-24). "Tornadoes Hit The Southern States". WXMI. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  14. ^ Hetrick, Michael (2010-04-24). "Powerful storms bring high winds, damage to East Texas". KLTV. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  15. ^ "Storm Prediction Center PDS Tornado Watch 91". Storm Prediction Center. 2010-04-24. Archived from the original on 28 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  16. ^ "Storm Prediction Center PDS Tornado Watch 93". Storm Prediction Center. 2010-04-24. Archived from the original on 27 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  17. ^ "Storm Prediction Center PDS Tornado Watch 94". Storm Prediction Center. 2010-04-24. Archived from the original on 28 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  18. ^ "Storm Prediction Center PDS Tornado Watch 96". Storm Prediction Center. 2010-04-24. Archived from the original on 28 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  19. ^ Pydynowski, Kristina (2010-04-24). "Tornado Danger Postpones Talladega Events Today". AccuWeather. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-15. 
  20. ^ Associated Press (2010-04-27). "Tennessee: 5 tornadoes confirmed from weekend storms". Chattanooga Times Free Press. Retrieved 2010-05-16. 
  21. ^ "Damage in Blount, Loudon and Monroe counties caused by tornado". Knoxville News Sentinel. 2010-04-25. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  22. ^ Rogers, Lisa (2010-04-29). "Mount Vernon tornado EF-4". The Gadsden Times. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  23. ^ "NWS says Albertville tornado was EF-3". The Gadsden Times. 2010-04-26. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  24. ^ Gattis, Paul (2010-05-01). "Albertville awaiting federal funds in wake of tornado damage". The Huntsville Times. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  25. ^ Yencer, Kerry (2010-05-18). "Albertville votes to extend school year until June 4". The Gadsden Times. Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  26. ^ Carter, Robert (2010-04-24). "EF-3 tornado struck Corner, southwest Blount County". The North Jefferson News. Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  27. ^ Faulk, Kent (2010-04-26). "Weather service: Alabama had six confirmed tornadoes -- and still counting". The Birmingham News. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  28. ^ Crisp, Adam (2010-04-26). "Four tornadoes confirmed in Northeast Alabama, Northwest Georgia". Chattanooga Times Free Press. Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  29. ^ Pratt, Tim (2010-05-18). "FEMA opens temporary office in Starkville". The Commercial Dispatch. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  30. ^ Crouch, Jake (2010-05-07). "State of the Climate April 2010 Tornadoes Report". National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  31. ^ "Tornado Tracks Over 100 Miles Across Mississippi". WIBW-TV. 2010-04-26. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  32. ^ "Tornado Cuts Across Mississippi Killing 10". WAPT. 2010-04-27. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  33. ^ a b "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena - April 2010". National Weather Service in Jackson, Mississippi. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  34. ^ Pydynowski, Kristina (2010-04-29). "Deadly Mississippi Tornado Enters Record Books". AccuWeather. Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  35. ^ Spencer, Jim (2010-04-27). "Yazoo City, MS Killer Tornado Survey". KXAN-TV. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-27. 
  36. ^ Cassreino, Terry R (2010-04-25). "Mississippi Assessing Damage by Tornado". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 

External links[edit]