April 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Apr. 21

All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For April 20th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 7.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

  • Martyrs Sulpicius and Servilian, martyrs in Rome who were beheaded under Trajan (ca. 117)[17][note 7]
  • Saints Marcellinus of Embrun, Vincent and Domninus, born in North Africa, they went to France and preached in the Dauphiné (ca. 374)[17][note 8][note 9]
  • Saint Marcian of Auxerre, a monk at the Monastery of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Auxerre (ca. 470)[6][17]
  • Saint Cædwalla of Wessex (Cadwalla), King of the West Saxons (689)[1][12][17][18][note 10]
  • Saint Gundebert (Gumbert), monk-martyr (8th century)[17][note 11]
  • Saint Harduin, a monk at Fontenelle Abbey in France (749), then a hermit who copied writings of the Fathers (811)[17]
  • Saint Hugh of Anzy-le-Duc, a monk at Saint Savin (ca. 930)[17][note 12]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

Other Commemorations[edit]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Gregorian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
  2. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Zacchaeus (Ζακχαῖος).
  3. ^ "The same day, the holy martyrs Victor, Zoticus, Zeno, Acindinus, Caesareus, Severian, Chrysophorus, Theonas, and Antoninus, who suffered martyrdom after undergoing various trials."[6]
  4. ^ "The same day, St. Theodore, confessor, surnamed Trichinas, from the rough hair garment which he wore. He was renowned for many miracles, but especially for his power over the demons. From his body issues a liquid which imparts health to the sick."[6]
  5. ^ "At Tomis, in Scythia, St. Theotimus, bishop, whose great sanctity and miracles procured him the veneration of unbelieving barbarians."[6]
  6. ^ "Sainted Anastasias II, Patriarch of Antioch, entered upon the throne after the holy Patriarch Anastasias I the Sinaite (561-572; 593-599). He governed the Church for 10 years and was killed in 609 by Jews, – when emperor Phocas (602-610) issued an edict, forcing all to accept baptism."[14]
  7. ^ "AT Rome, the holy martyrs Sulpicius and Servilian, who were converted to the faith of Christ by the discourses and the miracles of the holy virgin Domitilla. Having refused to sacrifice to the idols, they were beheaded by Anian, prefect of the city, in the persecution of Trajan."[6]
  8. ^ Born in North Africa, they went to France and preached in the Dauphiné. St Marcellinus was consecrated first Bishop of Embrun by St Eusebius of Vercelli. The relics of the three saints are venerated in Digne in the Alps.
  9. ^ "At Embrun, in France, St. Marcellin, first bishop of that city, who by divine inspiration came from Africa with his holy companions Vincent and Domninus, and converted to the faith of Christ the greatest portion of the inhabitants of the maritime Alps, by his preaching and the wonderful prodigies, which he still continues to work."[6]
  10. ^ A King of Wessex in England, he was a cruel and cunning pagan. He was converted and went to Rome, where he was baptised by Pope Sergius and died in the white robe of baptism.
  11. ^ He married St Bertha of Val d'Or and was the brother of St Nivard. He separated from his wife, became a monk, went to Ireland and was martyred there by heathen.
  12. ^ Born in Poitiers in France, he became a monk at Saint Savin. Later he restored monastic life in several monasteries. He reposed at Anzy-le-Duc.
  13. ^ See: (Russian) Александро-Ошевенский монастырь. Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  14. ^ See: (Russian) Феодосий (Ганицкий). Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  15. ^ His feast day is celebrated on March 5.
  16. ^ "The Cypriot Icon of the Mother of God appeared in the year 392 on the island of Cyprus and was situated in a monastery built on the place of its appearance. The celebration of this icon is done also on 9 July and on the day of the Descent of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles."[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m April 20 / May 3. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ζακχαῖος ὁ Ἀπόστολος. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ a b c d e f (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 20 Απριλίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  4. ^ Apostle Zacchaeus. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἀκίνδυνος, Ἀντωνίνος, Βίκτωρ, Ζήνωνος, Ζωτικός, Θεωνᾶς, Καισάριος, Σεβηριανὸς καὶ Χριστόφορος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ a b c d e f The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 110-111.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεόδωρος ὁ Τριχινᾶς. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ Venerable Theodore Trichinas “the Hair-Shirt Wearer” and Hermit Near Constantinople. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεότιμος Ἐπίσκοπος Ρουμανίας. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ St Theotimus the Bishop of Lesser Scythia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g (Russian) 20 апреля (ст.ст.) 3 мая 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i May 3 / April 20. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀναστάσιος ὁ Σιναΐτης Ἐπίσκοπος Ἀντιοχείας. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ Sainted Anastasias II, Patriarch of Antioch. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  15. ^ Venerable Anastasius the Abbot of Sinai. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰωάννης ὁ Παλαιολαυρίτης. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g April 20. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  18. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 168-169.
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀθανάσιος ὁ Μετεωρίτης. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰωάσαφ ὁ Μετεωρίτης. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀλέξανδρος ἐκ Ρωσίας. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ Venerable Alexander the Abbot of Oshevensk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  23. ^ April 20 - Child Saint of Poland – Martyr Gabriel of Zabludov. ROCA - Orthodox America.
  24. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Γαβριὴλ ὁ Μάρτυρας. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. ^ Childmartyr Gabriel of Bialystok. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  26. ^ Dr. Alexander Roman. April. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  27. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Μετακομιδὴ Τιμίων Λειψάνων Ἁγίου Νικολάου Ἐπισκόπου Ἀχρίδος καὶ Ζίτσης. 20 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  28. ^ The Cypriot Icon of the Mother of God. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  29. ^ The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 30.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources