Apulon

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Blidaru-entry-icon.png Apulon
PiatraCraivii.jpg
Piatra Craivii
Apulon is located in Romania
Apulon
Location within Romania
Alternative name(s) Dacian Fortress of Piatra Craivii, Dacian Settlement of Piatra Craivii
Hegemonic tribe(s) Apuli
Events Trajan's Dacian Wars
Location
Coordinates 46°12′33″N 23°29′08″E / 46.209122°N 23.485422°E / 46.209122; 23.485422Coordinates: 46°12′33″N 23°29′08″E / 46.209122°N 23.485422°E / 46.209122; 23.485422
Altitude 1010 m
Place name Piatra Craivii
Town Craiva
County Alba County
Country  Romania
Reference
RO-LMI AB-I-s-A-00028
Site notes
Recognition Monument istoric.svg National Historical Monument
Exhibitions National Museum of the Union, Alba Iulia
Apula on the Roman Dacia selection from Tabula Peutingeriana

Apulon (Apoulon, Apula) was a Dacian fortress city close to modern Alba Iulia, Romania from where the Latin name of Apulum is derived. The exact location is believed by many archaeologists to be the Dacian fortifications on top of Piatra Craivii, Craiva, Cricău, about 20 km north of Alba-Iulia.[1]

Apulon was an important Dacian political, economic and social center, the capital of the Apuli tribe. It was first mentioned by the Ancient Greek geographer Ptolemy in his Geographia, under the name Apulon. It is also depicted in the Tabula Peutingeriana as an important city named Apula, at the cross road of two main routes: one coming from Blandiana, the other from Acidava. The two roads merge at Apula, with the next stop on the route being Brucla.

After the southern part of Dacia became a province of the Roman Empire, the capital of the Dacia Apulensis district was established here, and the city was known as Apulum.[2] Apulum was one of the largest centers in Roman Dacia and the seat of the XIII Gemina Legion. The castra at Apulum is the largest in Romania, occupying 37,5 ha (750 x 500 m2).

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