Aquilegia caerulea

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Aquilegia coerulea
Flowers March 2008-13.jpg
Aquilegia coerulea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Aquilegia
Species: A. coerulea
Binomial name
Aquilegia coerulea

Aquilegia coerulea is a species of Aquilegia flower native to the Rocky Mountains from Montana south to New Mexico and west to Idaho and Arizona. Its common name is Colorado Blue Columbine; sometimes it is called "Rocky Mountain Columbine", but this properly refers to Aquilegia saximontana.

Colorado Blue Columbine
Yellow-pink color variant

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 20–60 cm tall. The flowers are very variable in color, from pale blue (as in the species name coerulea) to white, pale yellow and pinkish; very commonly the flowers are bicolored, with the sepals a different shade to the petals.

Aquilegia coerulea is the state flower of Colorado. It is also an ornamental plant in gardens, with numerous cultivars selected for different flower colors.

There are five varieties:

  • Aquilegia coerulea var. alpina
  • Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
  • Aquilegia coerulea var. daileyae
  • Aquilegia coerulea var. ochroleuca
  • Aquilegia coerulea var. pinetorum


cv. 'Crimson Star' in visible light, UV (showing nectar guides), and IR.

Cultivars include 'Origami' [1] and 'Crimson Star'.

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