|Comune di Aquino|
Church of Santa Maria della Libera.
|• Mayor||Antonino Grincia|
|• Total||19 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||106 m (348 ft)|
|Population (1 December 2009)|
|• Density||280/km2 (730/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Saints Thomas Aquinas and Constantius of Aquino|
|Saint day||March 7 and September 1|
The town had been founded in the 4th century BC by the Volsci, who successfully defended it against Samnite invasions, before the Roman conquest. The ancient Aquinum was a municipium in the time of Cicero, and made a colony by the Triumviri. It was crossed by the Via Latina.
One of the gates through which the Via Latina passed, now called Porta San Lorenzo, is still well preserved, and there are remains within the walls (portions of which, built of large blocks of limestone, still remain) of two (so called) temples, a basilica and an amphitheatre.
Outside, on the south is a well-preserved 1st century BC triumphal arch with composite capitals, known as Arco di Marcantonio, and close to it the basilica of Santa Maria Libera, a 9th-century building in the Romanesque style erected over the remains of an ancient temple of Hercules Liberator, now roofless. Several Roman inscriptions are built into it, and many others that have been found indicate the ancient importance of the place, which, though it does not appear in early history, is vouched for by Cicero and Strabo.
- Aquino, Sora, and Pontecorvo - Catholic Encyclopedia article
- Mapquest - Aquino
- Tuttocittà - Aquino
- Demographic data on Aquino