Mexicano de origen Árabe
|Salma Hayek · Carlos Slim · Jaime Camil ·
1% of Mexico's population
|Regions with significant populations
|Baja California, Coahuila, Tamaulipas, Jalisco, Sinaloa, Mexico City, Veracruz, Guanajuato, Chihuahua, Durango
Mexican Spanish, Arabic
Mostly Christianity, minority Islam & Judaism
|Related ethnic groups
Arabs, Jews, Spanish Mexicans
An Arab Mexican is a Mexican citizen of Arabic-speaking origin who can be of various ancestral origins. The vast majority of Mexico's 1.1 million Arabs are from either Lebanese, Syrian, Iraqi, or Palestinian background.
The interethnic marriage in the Arab community, regardless of religious affiliation, is very high; most community members have only one parent who has Arab ethnicity. As a result of this, the Arab community in Mexico shows marked language shift away from Arabic. Only a few speak any Arabic, and such knowledge is often limited to a few basic words. Instead the majority, especially those of younger generations, speak Spanish as a first language. Today, the most common Arabic surnames in Mexico include Nader, Hayek, Ali, Haddad, Nasser, Malik, Abed, Mansoor, Harb and Elias.
Arab immigration to Mexico started in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Roughly 100,000 Arabic-speakers settled in Mexico during this time period. They came mostly from Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, and Iraq and settled in significant numbers in Nayarit, Puebla, Mexico City and the Northern part of the country (mainly in the states of Baja California, Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Coahuila, and Durango, as well as the city of Tampico and Guadalajara . The term "Arab Mexican" may include ethnic groups that do not in fact identify as Arab.
During the Israel-Lebanon war in 1948 and during the Six-Day War, thousands of Lebanese left Lebanon and went to Mexico. They first arrived in Veracruz. Although Arabs made up less than 5% of the total immigrant population in Mexico during the 1930s, they constituted half of the immigrant economic activity.
Immigration of Arabs in Mexico has influenced Mexican culture, in particular food, where they have introduced Kibbeh, Tabbouleh and even created recipes such as Tacos Árabes. By 1765, Dates, which originated from the Middle East, were introduced into Mexico by the Spaniards. The fusion between Arab and Mexican food has highly influenced the Yucatecan cuisine.
Another concentration of Arab-Mexicans is in Baja California facing the U.S.-Mexican border, esp. in cities of Mexicali in the Imperial Valley U.S./Mexico, and Tijuana across from San Diego with a large Arab American community (about 280,000), some of whose families have relatives in Mexico. 45% of Arab Mexicans are of Lebanese descent.
The majority of Arab-Mexicans are Christians who belong to the Maronite Church, Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Rite Catholic Churches. A scant number are Muslims and Jews of Middle Eastern origins.
Clock given in 1910 by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed V
to mark the centenary of the Mexican independence in Mexico City
La Pila fountain of Moorish
style in Chiapa de Corzo, Chiapas
|Arab net migration to Mexico from 1871 to 1976
- Carlos Slim, business magnate, richest man in the world, of Lebanese descent.
- Enrique Dau, former mayor of Guadalajara
- José Murat Casab, former Governor of Oaxaca and a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party of Iraqi descent.
- Alfredo Harp Helú, Mexican businessman of Lebanese origin.
- Salma Hayek, actress born to a Mexican mother of Spanish descent and Mexican father of Lebanese descent.
- Jaime Sabines, poet of Lebanese descent.
- Victor Nacif, Vice President of Design Business Aspects for Nissan Design America, of Iraqi descent.
- Mauricio Féres Yázbek (Garcés), actor of Lebanese descent from Tampico, Tamaulipas
- Alfonso Petersen, mayor of Guadalajara. German, Danish and Lebanese descent.
- Mohammed Yussuf, footballer of Iraqi descent.
- Raùl Machi, Baseball player of Palestinian descent.
- Emilio Hassan, footballer, nephew of Carlos Slim, of Lebanese descent.
- Mohammed Yousif Rahim, footballer, of Iraqi descent.
- Lizeth Farah de Gebara, Mexican of Lebanese origin, mother of Paulette Gebara who missing child found dead at home in 2010.
- Mauricio Gebara, Mexican of Lebanese origin, father of Paulette Gebara who missing child found dead at home in 2010.
- Roberto Assad, Mexican actor and model to paternal of Arab descent.
- Abdul Sahib Machi, writer of Palestinian descent
- Paul Ham, bassist for Anabantha, of Lebanese descent.
- Ricardo Dájer Nahum, Mexican politician of Lebanese origin.
- Adela Micha, Mexican journalist of Jewish Lebanese and Syrian descent.
- Jeff Becerra, Heavy metal musician of Lebanese descent.
- Capulina, actor of Lebanese descent.
- Jaime Camil, Actor, singer of Egyptian and Brazilian descent.
- Isaac Saba Raffoul, businessman of Syrian-Lebanese descent.
- Mizada Mohamed, Astrologer of Lebanese descent.
- Abraham Zaied Dabdoub,politician and businessman of Palestinian descent
- Astrid Hadad, Mexican actress of Lebanese descent.
- Miguel Sabah, a Mexican international footballer of mixed Palestinian/Mexican descent
- Liliana Abud, an actress in telenovelas and Mexican cinema.
- Farah Abud, an actress in telenovelas and Mexican cinema.
- José Sulaimán, President of the World Boxing Council, Lebanese descent.
- Antonio Mohamed, Argentine-born Mexican soccer player of Lebanese descent.
- Samer Haj Omar Wade, football player currently playing for Tiburones Rojos de Veracruz. He is of Lebanese background.
- Kamel Nacif Borge, Mexican businessman of Lebanese descent.
- Jesús Murillo Karam, Mexican politician of Lebanese descent.
- Jaime Maussan, Mexican journalist of Arab descent.
- Susana Harp, Singer born a to Mexican father of Lebanese descent.
- Emilio Chuayffet, Mexican politician of Lebanese descent.
- Omar Fayad, Mexican politician of Lebanese descent.
- Rosemary Barkett, U.S. Federal Judge to Syrian parent.
- Jorge Kahwagi, Mexican boxer, lawyer, businessman, and politician of Lebanese descent.
- Carlos Jiménez Mabarak, Musician of Lebanese descent.
- Maruan Soto Antaki, Mexican film director of Syrian descent.
- Ikram Antaki, Mexican writer, Mother of Maruan Soto Antaki, of Syrian origin.
- Arturo Elías Ayub, Mexican businessman of Syrian-Lebanese descent.
- Alfredo Elias Ayub, Director General of Federal Electricity Commission, Arturo Elías Ayub is his youngest brother, of Syrian-Lebanese descent.
- Alejandro Bichir, Mexican actor of Lebanese descent.
- Odiseo Bichir, Mexican actor, Son of Alejandro Bichir, of Lebanese descent.
- Demián Bichir, Mexican actor, Son of Alejandro Bichir, of Lebanese descent.
- Bibelot Mansur, actress born to a Mexican mother and a father of Lebanese descent.
- Armando Ahued, Mexican, Former Responsible of Health Federal Institution at the Federal District of Mexico City of Lebanese descent.
- Geraldine Zinat, Mexican actress of Arab origin.