Arab Revolutionary Workers Party

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Arab Revolutionary Workers Party
حزب العمال الثوري العربي
Chairman Tariq Abu Al-Hassan
Secretary-General Abdul Hafiz Hafiz
Founder Yasin al-Hafiz
Founded 1966 (1966)
Split from Ba'ath Party
Ideology Marxism,
Scientific socialism
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation National Democratic Rally
Politics of Syria
Political parties
Elections

The Arab Revolutionary Workers Party (Arabic: حزب العمال الثوري العربيHizb Al-'Amal Al-Thawriy Al-'Arabi) is a political party, active in Syria and Iraq.[1][2][3] As of 2008 the general secretary of the party is Abdul Hafiz Hafiz.[4] As of 2011, the chairman of the party is Tariq Abu Al-Hassan.[5][6]

The party was founded in 1966 by Yasin al-Hafiz, as a Marxist splinter-group of the Ba'ath Party.[7][8] The party rejected the Ba'athist ideology of Michel Aflaq as reactionary and backward-looking. Instead the party opted for scientific socialism.[7][9] Another early prominent leader of the party was Ali Salah Saadi.[8] This split in the Ba'ath Party emerged parallel to the growth of leftist dissent in the Arab Nationalist Movement.[10]

The party was active in Lebanon during the 1970s.[11] During the initial years of the Lebanese Civil War, 1975-1976, al-Hafiz lived in Beirut.[12] Al-Hafiz died in Beirut in October 1978.[13][dead link]

During the "Damascus Spring", the initial period of Bashar al-Assad's rule, the party could meet somewhat undisturbed under the guise of the 'Left Forum'.[14] The party, along with other left-wing groups in Syria, decided to boycott the 2003 parliamentary election.[15] The party was one of the forces behind the National Democratic Gathering and the Damascus Declaration.[4]

The party is part of the Syrian opposition active in the Syrian uprising against the Ba'athist dictatorship. On June 30, 2011 the party took part in forming the National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change. A politburo member of the party, Hazem Al-Nahhar was included in the leadership of the Association.[2] On October 10, 2011 the party decided to withdraw from the Coordination, but retained its commitment to working with the National Democratic Rally.[3][dead link][citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Democratic Institute. NDI Assessment Mission to Iraq June 23 to July 6, 2003
  2. ^ a b Al-Ahram. New voices for change
  3. ^ a b Nidaasyria. حزب العمال الثوري العربي.. قرار انسحاب من هيئة التنسيق الوطني
  4. ^ a b Damascus Centre for Theoretical and Civil Rights Studies. أمين عام حزب العمال الثوري العربي يدعو للإفراج عن معتقلي إعلان دمشق وطي ملف الاعتقال السياسي
  5. ^ World Bulletin. Who is who in Syrian opposition?
  6. ^ Asrarr. سورية - الأحزاب السياسية
  7. ^ a b Tibi, Bassam, Marion Farouk-Sluglett, and Peter Sluglett. Arab nationalism: between Islam and the nation-state. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997. p. 212
  8. ^ a b Seddon, David. A Political and Economic Dictionary of the Middle East. London: Europa Publications, 2004. p. 63
  9. ^ Choueiri, Youssef M. Islamic Fundamentalism: The Story of Islamist Movements. London: Continuum, 2010. p. 117
  10. ^ Salem, Paul. Bitter Legacy: Ideology and Politics in the Arab World. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1994. p. 187
  11. ^ Buwārī, Ilyās. Tārīkh al-ḥarakah al-ʻummālīyah wa-al-niqābīyah fī Lubnān. Bayrūt: Dār al-Fārābī, 1979.
  12. ^ Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East 2. D - K. New York [u.a.]: Macmillan [u.a.], 1996. p. 756
  13. ^ سؤال التنوير. في الذكرى الثلاثين لوفاة ياسين الحافظ
  14. ^ Zîser, Eyāl. Commanding Syria: Bashar Al-Asad and the First Years in Power. London [u.a.]: Tauris, 2007. p. 83
  15. ^ Al-Ahram Center for Political & Strategic Studies. I. Internal Reforms in the Arab World