Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region

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Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region
Leader Fayez Shukr
Founded 1966 (1966)
Headquarters Beirut, Lebanon
Ideology Ba'athism
Religion Secular
National affiliation March 8 Alliance
International affiliation Syrian-led Ba'ath Party
Colors Black, Red, White and Green (Pan-Arab colors)
Parliament of Lebanon
2 / 128
Party flag
Flag of the Ba'ath Party.svg
Politics of Lebanon
Political parties
Elections

The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي في لبنانHizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki fi Lubnan), officially the Lebanon Regional Branch, is the regional branch of the Damascus-based Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party in Lebanon. Fayez Shukr has been party leader since 2005 when he succeeded Sayf al-Din Ghazi who in turn succeeded Assem Qanso.

The Lebanese branch of the undivided Ba'ath Party had been formed in 1949–1950.[1] Assem Qanso is the longest-serving secretary (leader) of the Lebanese Ba'ath Party; first from 1971 to 1989 and again from 2000 to 2005.[2] During the Lebanese Civil War, the party had an armed militia, the Assad Battalion.[3] The party joined forces with Kamal Jumblatt's Progressive Socialist Party in organizing the Lebanese National Movement, seeking to abolish the confessional state.[4] The Lebanese National Movement was later superseded by the Lebanese National Front, in which the party participated.[5] The party organized resistance against Israeli forces in Lebanon.[5] In July 1987 it took part in forming yet another front, the Unification and Liberation Front.[6]

In the 2009 parliamentary election, the party won two seats as part of the March 8 Alliance. The parliamentarians of the party are Assem Qanso and Qassem Hashem.[7]

Party leaders[edit]

  • Mahmoud Baydoun (1966–1969)
  • Magali Nasrawin (1969–1971)
  • Assem Qanso (1971–1989)
  • Abdullah Al-Amin (1989–1993)
  • Abdallah Chahal (1993–1996)
  • Sayf al-Din Ghazi (1996–2000)
  • Assem Qanso (2000–2005)
  • Sayf al-Din Ghazi (2005–2006)
  • Fayez Shukr (2006–present)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seddon, David (2004). A political and Economic Dictionary of the Middle East. Taylor & Francis. p. 85. ISBN 1-85743-212-6. 
  2. ^ The Soviet Union and the Middle East 8. Indiana University. 1983. p. 20. 
  3. ^ Federal Research Division (2004). Syria: A Country Study. Kessinger Publishing. p. 282. ISBN 978-1-4191-5022-7. 
  4. ^ O'Ballance, Edgar (1998). Civil War in Lebanon, 1975–92. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 62. ISBN 0-312-21593-2. 
  5. ^ a b O'Ballance, Edgar (1998). Civil War in Lebanon, 1975–92. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 149. ISBN 0-312-21593-2. 
  6. ^ O'Ballance, Edgar (1998). Civil War in Lebanon, 1975–92. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 179. ISBN 0-312-21593-2. 
  7. ^ "March14 – March 8 MPs". NOW Lebanon. 11 March 2009. Retrieved 24 October 2011.