Arab diaspora

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Arab Diaspora
العرب المغتربون
ShakiraCarlos Slim HelúSalma Hayek
Mohamed Al-FayedPaula AbdulAntonio Saca
Ralph NaderNaseem HamedMari Alkatiri
Total population
approx. 50 million[1][not in citation given]
Regions with significant populations
 Brazil 11,000,000[2]
 France 3,500,000
 United States 3,500,000
 Argentina 3,300,000
 Venezuela 1,600,000 [3]
 Mexico 1,100,000 [4]
 Chile 1,000,000
 Colombia 800,000
 United Kingdom 500,000 [5]
 Canada 350,000 [6]
 Honduras 275,000 [7]
Languages
Arabic, French, Italian, Spanish, English, Portuguese, Hebrew among others
Religion
predominantly Islam in Europe, Christianity in the Americas, but also Druze and Irreligion, among others
Related ethnic groups
Lebanese diaspora  · Iraqi diaspora  · Egyptian diaspora  · Yemeni diaspora  · Palestinian diaspora  · Syrian diaspora  · Moroccan diaspora

Arab diaspora refers to Arab immigrants, and their descendants who, voluntarily or as refugees, emigrated from their native lands and now reside in non-Arab countries, primarily in South America, Europe, North America, as well as South Asia and parts of Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa.

Overview[edit]

According to the International Organization for Migration, there are 13 million,[8] of which 5.8 million reside in Arab countries. Arab expatriates contribute to the circulation of financial and human capital in the region and thus significantly promote regional development. In 2009 Arab countries received a total of 35.1 billion USD in remittance in-flows and remittances sent to Jordan, Egypt and Lebanon from other Arab countries are 40 to 190 per cent higher than trade revenues between these and other Arab countries.[9]

Large numbers of Arabs migrated to West Africa, particularly Côte d'Ivoire (home to over 100,000 Lebanese),[10] Senegal (roughly 30,000 Lebanese),[11] Sierra Leone (roughly 10,000 Lebanese today; about 30,000 prior to the outbreak of civil war in 1991), Liberia, and Nigeria.[12] Since the end of the civil war in 2002, Lebanese traders have become re-established in Sierra Leone.[13]

Arab traders have long operated in Southeast Asia, trading in spices, timber and textiles. But an important trading minority in the region that goes largely unrecognised comprises the local descendants of Arabs. Most of the prominent Indonesians, Malaysians, and Singaporeans of Arab descent have their origins in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, especially the coastal Hadhramaut region of Yemen and Oman. They are the Hadramis. As many as four million Indonesians are of Hadrami descent, and today there are almost 10,000 Hadramis in Singapore.[14][15]

The Americas have long been a destination for Arab migration, with Arabs arriving in some countries at least as early as the nineteenth century, but even as early as 1492 with several Moors among Christopher Columbus' crew.[16] According to Saudi Aramco World, the largest concentration of Arabs outside the Arab World is in Brazil, which has 9 million Brazilians of Arab ancestry.[17] Of these 9 million Arabs, seven million are of Lebanese ancestry,[18][not in citation given] making Brazil's population of Lebanese greater than that of Lebanon itself. Most other Brazilians of Arab descent are mainly Syrian. There are also large Arab communities in Mexico (about 400,000 Mexicans of Lebanese descent), Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Trinidad & Tobago, Ecuador, and Venezuela.[19] Palestinians cluster in Chile and Central America, particularly El Salvador, and Honduras (between 150,000 and 200,000).[20] The 500,000 strong Palestinian community in Chile[21][22] is the fourth largest in the world after those in Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan. Arab Haitians (a large number of whom live in the capital) are more often than not, concentrated in financial areas where the majority of them establish businesses. In the United States, there are around 3.5 million people of Arab ancestry. Most Arabs of the Americas are of either Lebanese, Syrian, or Palestinian ancestry. The Lebanese minority in America are mostly Christian, with sizable Muslim and Jewish minorities.[23]

The Lebanese diaspora, while historically trade-related, has been linked more recently to the Lebanese Civil War, and the 2006 Lebanon War. In October 2006, shortly after the 2006 Second Lebanon War had concluded, the Edinburgh Middle East Report ran an article covering the brain drain from Lebanon's universities.[24] Increasing numbers of Lebanese students are travelling abroad to further their education in safer environments.

As of June 21, 2007, the U.N. High Commissioner on Refugees estimated that over 2.2 million Iraqis had been displaced to neighboring countries, with up to 100,000 Iraqis fleeing to Syria and Jordan each month.[25][26][27] As a result of growing international pressure, on June 1, 2007 the Bush administration said it was ready to admit 7,000 Iraqi refugees who had helped the coalition since the invasion. According to Washington-based Refugees International the U.S. has admitted fewer than 800 Iraqi refugees since the invasion, Sweden had accepted 18,000 and Australia had resettled almost 6,000.[28]

As of 2012, at least 127,860 Iraqis live in Sweden.[29] As of 2004, France is home to an estimated 5 to 6 million of people both Arabic and Berber speaking from North Africa.[30][31] There is also a medium sized Arab community in Australia (home to roughly 400,000 Arabs, mostly Lebanese), where Arabic is the fourth most widely spoken second-language. The number of Muslim and Christian Arab Australians are roughly equal with a slight Christian majority. See Australian population: ethnic origins.[32]

Notable persons[edit]

Prominent members of the Arab diaspora include;

Business
Fashion, beauty
Film, television
Literature / theatre
Media and intellectuals
Music
  • Adel Tawil (Egyptian / Tunisin origin), German singer, songwriter and producer
  • Ali B (Moroccan origin), Dutch rapper
  • Bushido (Tunisian origin), German rapper
  • DJ Khaled (Palestinian origin), American DJ
  • Eric Saade (Palestinian Lebanese origin), Swedish singer
  • Fady Maalouf (Lebanese origin), German singer
  • Fredwreck (Palestinian origin), American record producer
  • La Fouine (Moroccan origin), French rapper
  • Ibrahim Maalouf (Lebanese origin), French saxophonist
  • Kareem Salama (Egyptian origin), American country singer
  • Karl Wolf (Lebanese origin), Canadian pop star
  • Khaled (Algerian origin) Raï musician now living in France
  • Maher Zain (Lebanese origin), Swedish singer
  • Malika Ayane (Moroccan origin), Italian singer
  • Massari (Lebanese origin), Canadian singer
  • Natasja Saad (Sudanese origin), Danish rapper and reggae singer.
  • Rachid Taha (Algerian origin) Raï musician now living in France
  • Rami Yacoub (Palestinian origin), Swedish record producer
  • RedOne, (Moroccan origin), Swedish record producer
  • Salem Al Fakir (Syrian origin), Swedish singer
  • Sarbel (Lebanese origin), Greek singer
  • Tarak Ben Ammar (Tunisian origin), international movie producer and distributor
Politics
Sciences
Sports

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.webcitation.org/5kwKY85zO
  2. ^ http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200505/the.arabs.of.brazil.htm
  3. ^ "Suweida Sways to the Sound of Salsa". Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Ben Cahoon. "World Statesmen.org". World Statesmen.org. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  5. ^ Dr Anthony McRoy PhD. "The British Arab". National Association of British Arabs. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "Statistics Canada". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  7. ^ "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudi Aramco World. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  8. ^ Mundo árabe
  9. ^ "Intra-Regional Labour Mobility in the Arab World", International Organization for Migration (IOM) Cairo.
  10. ^ "Ivory Coast - The Levantine Community". Countrystudies.us. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  11. ^ Lebanese Immigrants Boost West African Commerce, By Naomi Schwarz, voanews.com, July 10, 2007
  12. ^ Lebanese man shot dead in Nigeria, BBC News
  13. ^ Joshua Project. "Sayyid Ethnic People in all Countries". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  14. ^ "Hadramis in Singapore, by Ameen Ali Talib". Al-bab.com. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  15. ^ The world's successful diasporas, World Business
  16. ^ Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)
  17. ^ "The Arabs of Brazil". Saudi Aramco World. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  18. ^ "Estadão de Hoje". Estadao.com.br. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  19. ^ Habeeb Salloum, "Arabs Making Their Mark in Latin America: Generations of Immigrants in Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico", Al Jadid, Vol. 6, no. 30 (Winter 2000).
  20. ^ "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudiaramcoworld.com. 1936-06-27. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  21. ^ "Chile: Palestinian refugees arrive to warm welcome". Adnkronos.com. 2003-04-07. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  22. ^ "500,000 descendientes de primera y segunda generación de palestinos en Chile". Laventana.casa.cult.cu. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  23. ^ "The Arab American Institute". Aaiusa.org. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  24. ^ Lebanon's Brain Drain by Tim May. Edinburgh Middle East Report Online. Winter 2006.
  25. ^ "Iraq refugees chased from home, struggle to cope". Cnn.com. 2007-06-20. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  26. ^ Morgan, David (2007-10-08). "U.S., West seen skirting Iraqi refugee crisis". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  27. ^ "U.N.: 100,000 Iraq refugees flee monthly". Alexander G. Higgins, Boston Globe, November 3, 2006.
  28. ^ US in Iraq for 'another 50 years', The Australian, June 2, 2007.
  29. ^ "Befolkning efter födelseland och ursprungsland 31 december 2012". Statistics Sweden. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.  (Swedish)
  30. ^ www.cags.org.ae/cbc01ar.pdf The Arab World
  31. ^ Yazid Sabeg et Laurence Méhaignerie, Les oubliés de l'égalité des chances, Institut Montaigne, Janvier 2004
  32. ^ http://elecpress.monash.edu.au/pnp/free/pnpv7n4/v7n4_3price.pdf

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

  • KUSUMO, Fitra Ismu, "ISLAM EN AMÉRICA LATINA Tomo II: Migración Árabe a América Latina y el caso de México (Spanish Edition)" [2]
  • KUSUMO, Fitra Ismu, "ISLAM EN AMÉRICA LATINA Tomo III: El Islam hoy desde América Latina (Spanish Edition)"[3]