An arabber (or a-rab) is a street merchant who sells fruits and vegetables from a colorful, horse-drawn cart. Once a common sight in American East Coast cities, only a handful of arabbers still walk the streets of Baltimore.
The term arabber is believed to derive from the 19th century slang term "street arabs". Arabbing began in the early 19th century, when access to ships and stables made it an accessible form of entrepreneurship. African American men entered the trade following the Civil War. Brightly painted and artfully arranged, arabber carts became a common sight on the streets of Baltimore. To alert city dwellers to their arrival, arabbers developed distinctive calls:
Holler, holler, holler, till my throat get sore.
If it wasn't for the pretty girls, I wouldn't have to holler no more.
I say, Watermelon! Watermelon!Got 'em red to the rind, lady.
During World War II, factory jobs opened to white laborers, leaving arabbing an almost all African American vocation. By then arabbing was already in decline, threatened by the expansion of supermarkets and the dearth of public stables. In the later 20th century, arabbers faced additional challenges from city zoning and vending regulations, and from animal rights advocates concerned about the health and welfare of the horses.
In 1994, the Arabber Preservation Society was founded to help bring the Retreat Street stable, which had been condemned, up to city building codes. The society continues to renovate and promote the preservation of the stables serving the remaining arabbers, who number fewer than a dozen. Besides providing a nostalgic glimpse of the past, arabbers still serve a practical purpose, bringing fresh produce and other goods to urban neighborhoods that are underserved by grocery stores.
- The documentary We Are Arabbers (2004) by filmmakers Scott Kecken and Joy Lusco Kecken profiles contemporary arabbers.
- Arabbers appear in the first, fourth and fifth seasons of the television series The Wire, partly written by the documentary filmmaker Joy Lusco Kecken, who also wrote for Homicide.
- The first season of the television series Homicide: Life on the Street featured a plotline about an arabber suspected of murdering a little girl. The series was based on a book by David Simon, who also created The Wire.
- The Arabz led by Skarr Akbar are a Baltimore rap group named after the practice in honor of their hometown.
- On the May 5, 2009 episode of the television show Ace of Cakes, reference was made to an "arabber" carrying a customer around Baltimore in a coffin as part of a living funeral.
- "You Don't Say: Baltimore words summed up - English grammar, language, usage and journalism blog by John E. McIntyre - baltimoresun.com". Weblogs.baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- "Arabber Quotes and Bibliography". Baltimoremd.com. 2009-01-23. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- "Arabber Preservation Home Page". Baltimoremd.com. 2012-06-18. Retrieved 2012-07-03.