Arabian Nights (1942 film)

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Arabian Nights
Arabiannights1.jpg
Original film poster
Directed by John Rawlins
Produced by Walter Wanger
Written by Screenplay:
Michael Hogan
Additional dialogue:
True Boardman
Starring Sabu
Jon Hall
Maria Montez
Leif Erickson
Billy Gilbert
Turhan Bey
Shemp Howard
Music by Frank Skinner
Cinematography W. Howard Greene
Milton R. Krasner
William V. Skall
Edited by Philip Cahn
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release dates
  • December 22, 1942 (1942-12-22) (U.S.)
Running time 87 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $904,765[1]
Box office $3,453,416[1]

Arabian Nights is a 1942 adventure film starring Sabu, Maria Montez, Jon Hall and Leif Erickson and directed by John Rawlins. The film is derived from The Book of One Thousand and One Nights but owes more to the imagination of Universal Pictures than the original Arabian stories. Unlike other films in the genre (The Thief of Baghdad), it features no monsters or supernatural elements.[2]

The film is one of series of "exotic" tales released by Universal during the war years. Others include Cobra Woman, Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves and White Savage. This is the first film by Universal to use the three-strip Technicolor film process.

Plot[edit]

The story starts at a harem (which strangely has the Taj Mahal in sight, even though it is supposed to be located in Persia), where the elderly overseer bids his young charges to read the story of Haroun al-Rashid (Hall) and his wife Scheherazade (Montez), unfolding the film's plot in the process.

Scheherazade, a dancer in a wandering circus owned by Ahmad (Billy Gilbert) - whose troupe also includes Sinbad the Sailor and Aladdin, who have seemingly fallen on hard times -, had captured the attention of Kamar (Erickson), the brother of caliph Haroun al-Rashid. In his infatuation with her, and because of a prophecy which names her as the future queen, Kamar had attempted to seize the throne, but was captured and sentenced to slow death by exposure. As Haroun visits his brother, for whom he feels pity, Kamar's men storm the palace and free their leader; outnumbered, Haroun is forced to flee. He manages to get near the plaza where Scheherazade's circus is performing and is spotted by the young acrobat Ali Ben Ali (Sabu), who finds out his identity and decides to hide him in the circus, confiding only in Scheherazade (though he does not tell her about the fugitive's true identity). Upon awakening from the wounds he had received in his flight, Haroun beholds Scheherazade and instantly falls in love with her.

Meanwhile, Kamar, thinking that Haroun is dead, assumes the throne of Baghdad, but to his chagrin Scheherazade is not to be found, and he orders the captain of his guard (Turhan Bey) to find her. But then the scheming Grand Vizier Nadan (Edgar Barrier) approaches the captain with the order to make Scheherazade 'disappear', and upon finding them the captain decides to sell the troupe into slavery. But due to a witness the captain is exposed, and in order to preserve his plans, Nadan first gets him to confess and then murders him.

Haroun, Scheherazade, and the acrobats manage to escape the slave pens and flee to the border, where they are found by Kamar's army and taken to a tent city in the desert. Kamar proposes to Scheherazade, but she has in the meantime fallen in love with Haroun. Also, Nadan recognizes the caliph and his affection for Scheherazade, and he uses this knowledge to blackmail Scheherazade into helping him in his scheme: in exchange for Haroun's freedom, she is to poison Kamar during the wedding ceremony, upon which Nadan would assume rulership for himself. In secret, however, he plans to have Haroun killed once he has crossed the border.

Upon learning of this insidious scheme, Ali confides in his fellow performers, and they rush to free Haroun; then Haroun decides to free Scheherazade with the help of the acrobats, while Ali is to summon the troops still loyal to him. Haroun and the others are quickly captured, and Scheherazade and the retainers learn of his true identity. Kamar engages his brother in a sword fight, while Ahmad and the acrobats set the tents on fire; the arrival of Ali and the caliph's army triggers a massive battle with Kamar's men.

Finally, as Kamar prepares to deliver the deathstroke to Haroun, Nadan shows his true allegiance by assassinating Kamar personally. But as he prepares to finish Haroun, Ahmad and Ali interfere, forcing him to flee. But a spear thrown into his back stops him, and he dies in a burning tent; Haroun, Scheherazade, their friends and the loyal subjects celebrate victory.

Cast[edit]

Maria Montez as Scheherazade and Jon Hall as Haroun-Al-Rashid, publicity photograph for the film.

Reception[edit]

The film was a big hit and earned a profit of $1,851,921.[1]

Awards[edit]

It was nominated for four Academy Awards: Best Score, Best Cinematography, Best Sound (Bernard B. Brown) and Best Art Direction (Alexander Golitzen, Jack Otterson, Russell A. Gausman and Ira S. Webb).[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Matthew Bernstein, Walter Wagner: Hollywood Independent, Minnesota Press, 2000 p441
  2. ^ Article on Arabian Nights at Turner Classic Movies accessed 10 January 2014
  3. ^ "The 15th Academy Awards (1943) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-13. 
  4. ^ "NY Times: Arabian Nights". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 

External links[edit]