Arabkir District

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Arabkir
Արաբկիր
The Northern Ray residential area at the Arabkir district
The Northern Ray residential area at the Arabkir district
Arabkir district shown in red
Arabkir district shown in red
Country Armenia
Marz (Province) Yerevan
Government
 • Mayor of District Hrayr Antonyan
Area
 • Total 12.35 km2 (4.77 sq mi)
Elevation 1,150 m (3,770 ft)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 130,600
Time zone UTC (UTC+4)

Arabkir District (Armenian: Արաբկիր) is a neighborhood that used to be a separate village in Yerevan, Armenia. It is bordered by Hrazdan River to the north and west, the Kentron to the south, and Kanaker-Zeytun to the east. Its main thoroughfare is the Komitas Avenue. The district is commonly divided into five smaller neighborhoods: Nor Arabkir, Mergelyan, Aygedzor, Kanaker Hydropower Plant and Raykom.

The district is mainly connected with the rest of Yerevan city through the Komitas Avenue, Kievian street and Barekamutyun (Friendship) Metro Station.

With an estimated population of 130,600, Arabkir is one of the most densely populated districts in Yerevan.

History[edit]

Komitas Avenue, Arabkir's main arterial road
HSBC Bank Armenia, Arabkir Branch at the Mher Mkrtchyan square

Arabkir was founded on November 29, 1925 as a settlement north of the Yerevan city centre. Many of the original residents of the district came from Arapgir (modern day district of Malatya Province in Turkey), which was populated with Armenians before 1915. Also, within Arabkir there is a Molokans street named after the many Molokan families who moved from the northern regions of Armenia, and settled in different neighborhoods throughout Yerevan but mainly in Arabkir. There had been an Arabkir Cemetery at the north end of the district but sometime in the late 20th century families were warned that the cemetery was being converted to a Molokan Park and the remains would need to be moved to other locations. Only a handful of graves remain in the wooded areas of the park, as well as a memorial to soldiers from the Arabkir district who were killed in World War II.

The Arabkir district is home to many of the leading industrial plants of Armenia, including the Rusal Armenal aluminum foil mill located at the rim of the Hrazdan River gorge, the Kanaker Hydroelectric Power Station located to the north of Rusal Armenal mill along the Hrazdan River, the Grand-Sun lamp factory located on the Tbilisi Highway and the Yerevan Watch Factory located on the Vagharsh Vagharshyan street. The defunct automobile factory of ErAZ from the Soviet era is located on the Nicholas Adontz street in the Arabkir district as well.

Arabkir is the 3rd-largest district of Yerevan. As of 2006 the district had:

  • 40 hectares of streets and roads.
  • 553 hectares of buildings, squares and yards.
  • 385 hectares of others areas.

The municipality of Arabkir district made a number of official cooperation agreements with many European mayoralties including:

Streets and landmarks[edit]

The sculpture of Tsovinar at the Vahagn Davtyan park
Mergelyan Institute of Mathematical Machines

Main streets and squares[edit]

  • Komitas Avenue.
  • Nairi Zarian street.
  • Hrachya Kochar street.
  • Mamikonian street.
  • Aleksander Griboyedov street.
  • Aram Khachaturian street.
  • Tbilisi Highway.
  • Kievian street.
  • Kasyan Street.
  • Vagharsh Vagharshyan street.
  • Vahram Papazian street.
  • Nicholas Adontz street.
  • Barekamutyun square.
  • Mher Mkrtchyan square.

Landmarks[edit]

Panorama of gorge and hydroelectric power plant along the Hrazdan River in Arabkir
Panorama of Arabkir district

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • Burning Tigris, The: The Armenian Genocide and America's Response

Coordinates: 40°12′28″N 44°30′21″E / 40.20778°N 44.50583°E / 40.20778; 44.50583