This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on single donors with O2 as oxidant and incorporation of two atoms of oxygen into the substrate (oxygenases). The oxygen incorporated need not be derived from O2. The systematic name of this enzyme class is arachidonate:oxygen 15-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include 15-lipoxygenase, linoleic acid omega6-lipoxygenase, and omega6 lipoxygenase. This enzyme participates in arachidonic acid metabolism and linoleic acid metabolism.
Bryant RW, Bailey JM, Schewe T, Rapoport SM (1982). "Positional specificity of a reticulocyte lipoxygenase. Conversion of arachidonic acid to 15-S-hydroperoxy-eicosatetraenoic acid". J. Biol. Chem.257 (11): 6050–5. PMID6804460.