|Administrative region:||Central Greece|
|Population statistics (as of 2001)|
|- Area:||139.45 km2 (54 sq mi)|
|- Density:||30 /km2 (78 /sq mi)|
|Time zone:||EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)|
|Elevation (center):||968 m (3,176 ft)|
|Postal code:||320 04|
Arachova (Greek: Αράχωβα) is a town and a former municipality in the western part of Boeotia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Distomo-Arachova-Antikyra, according the programme Callicrates, of which it is a municipal unit. It is connected by the Greek National Road 48 with Amphissa and Levadia. It is located SE of Amphissa, S of Lamia, W of Levadia, 160 km NW of Athens, NE of Itea, N of Desphina and 12 km E of Delphi.
The name is derived from the South Slavic orah, walnut, and denotes a place planted with walnut trees.
The urban houses lie from west to east on a hill with a slope of 45 to 50°. The urban area is rectangular. The area around Arachova is mainly grasslands and rocky landscape with a few bushes. It sits on a mountain which is located in the south and the Parnassus mountains in the north. It sits above the valley where a river flows to Livadeia and the Cephissus River.
Arachova is a touristic attraction because of the proximity to popular Delphi but was developed in the late 20th century with a ski resort.
The main products are olives.
The traditions and popular activities are maintained and are celebrated by the inhabitants. Traditional dances, the reviving of the fight of Arachova against the Turks as well as meals. Traditional cheese include Formaella (which is sold only in Arachova) and Tsipouro (a grappa like liquor).
- De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
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