Arado E.560

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Ar E.560
Arado E.560 (11) top-view silhouette.png
Ar E.560 11
Role Tactical bomber
Designer Arado
Status Terminated by the end of war
Primary user Luftwaffe
Number built Never went past the project stage
Developed from Arado 234

The Arado E.560 was a series of multi-engined Arado medium-range tactical bombers projected during the Second World War.[1]

The Arado E.560 designs were part of the propaganda-based Wunderwaffe concept. None of the projected bombers were built as the project took place near the end of the Third Reich and was terminated by the end of the war in Europe.[2]

History[edit]

The Arado E.560 designs were a development based on the Arado 234 and they share some characteristics with that plane.

Only five designs of Ar E.560 variants have survived; the remaining are unknown. Except for two variants which were propeller-driven aircraft, the other three E.560 designs were to be powered by turbojets. They were all equipped with retractable tricycle undercarriage.[3]

Variants[edit]

All of the Arado E.560 variants had a pressurized cockpit for a crew of two located at the front end of the fuselage.[1]

Ar E.560 2[edit]

Four-engined bomber project powered by four-row radial propeller engines.

Data from Dieter Herwig & Heinz Rode, The Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Strategic Bombers 1935-1945. Midland Counties Publ. ISBN 978-1857800920

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 19.1 m (62 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 18 m (59 ft 1 in)
  • Gross weight: 18,800 kg (41,447 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × BMW 803 Propeller engines

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 890 km/h (553 mph; 481 kn)
  • Combat range: 2,500 km (1,553 mi; 1,350 nmi)

Armament

  • Bombs: 2,500 kg

Ar E.560 4[edit]

Four-engined bomber project powered by turbojet engines. The wings were swept back.

Data from Dieter Herwig & Heinz Rode, The Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Strategic Bombers 1935-1945. Midland Counties Publ. ISBN 978-1857800920

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 22.3 m (73 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 24 m (78 ft 9 in)
  • Gross weight: 38,200 kg (84,217 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 × BMW 003E Turbojet engines

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 950 km/h (590 mph; 513 kn)
  • Range: 2,100 km (1,305 mi; 1,134 nmi)

Armament

  • Guns: 2 fixed 30 mm MK 103 guns at the cockpit end and 2 fixed 30 mm MK 103 guns, as well as a periscope-controlled rear-firing cannon, at the tail end
  • Bombs: 3,000 kg

Ar E.560 7[edit]

Smaller two-engined bomber project powered by turboprop engines. It had swept back wings.

Data from Dieter Herwig & Heinz Rode, The Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Strategic Bombers 1935-1945. Midland Counties Publ. ISBN 978-1857800920

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 16.8 m (55 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 19.1 m (62 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 3.95 m (13 ft 0 in)
  • Gross weight: 18,800 kg (41,447 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × BMW 028 Turboprop engines

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 920 km/h (572 mph; 497 kn)
  • Combat range: 3,400 km (2,113 mi; 1,836 nmi)

Armament

  • Bombs: 4,000 kg

Ar E.560 8[edit]

Six-engined bomber project powered by turbojet engines. It had swept back wings.

Data from Dieter Herwig & Heinz Rode, The Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Strategic Bombers 1935-1945. Midland Counties Publ. ISBN 978-1857800920

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 18 m (59 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 23.2 m (76 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.95 m (13 ft 0 in)
  • Powerplant: 6 × BMW 003 Turbojet engines

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 920 km/h (572 mph; 497 kn)
  • Combat range: 3,400 km (2,113 mi; 1,836 nmi)

Armament

  • Bombs: 3,000 kg

Ar E.560 11[edit]

Four-engined bomber project powered by turbojet engines. It had swept back wings.

Data from Dieter Herwig & Heinz Rode, The Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Strategic Bombers 1935-1945. Midland Counties Publ. ISBN 978-1857800920

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 19.1 m (62 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 24 m (78 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 5.1 m (16 ft 9 in)
  • Gross weight: 28,600 kg (63,052 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 × BMW 018 Turbojet engines

PerformanceArmament

  • Guns: 2 fixed 30 mm MG 151 cannons at the cockpit end and 2 fixed 30 mm MG 151 cannons, as well as a periscope-controlled MG 151 rear-firing cannon with 400 rounds, at the tail end
  • Bombs: 4,000 kg

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Blohm & Voss P.188

Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dieter Herwig & Heinz Rode, The Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Strategic Bombers 1935-1945. Midland Counties Publ. ISBN 978-1857800920
  2. ^ Zweiter Weltkrieg Lexikon
  3. ^ "Arado E.560 Luft '46 entry". Luft46.com. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 

External links[edit]