General View of Aragon
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Bernard Bru|
|• Land1||20.56 km2 (7.94 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||21/km2 (54/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||11011 / 11600|
|Elevation||136–346 m (446–1,135 ft)
(avg. 190 m or 620 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aragonais or Aragonaises
The commune is located some 13 km north of Carcassonne and 6 km east of Montolieu. Access is by the D203 road from Fraisse-Cabardès in the north-west passing through the length of the commune to the village then continuing south to Pennautier. There is also the D935 going south-east from the village to Villegailhenc. The north of the commune is quite rugged and heavily forested while the south of the commune is farmland with some patches of forest.
The Ruisseau de Trapel flow from the north-west passing north of the village and gathering tributaries as it continues south-east to join the Canal du Midi south of Les Pradels. The Ruisseau de la Vallette also flows from further north-west to pass the village on the southern side before joining the Trapel. Numerous other streams rise in the south of the commune and flow south-east. In the north-east the Ruisseau de Vallouviere flows south-east and joins the Trapel south-east of the commune.
The town is also known as Aragon-en-Cabardès but this name is not so easy to use. The name could come from the Kingdom of Aragon and dates from the 11th century but some propose Celtic or Greco-Celtic origins meaning a place near a battle or near the wilderness.
- Hamlets and places: Bancalis, la Borde Neuve, Cabrol, les Capitelles, le Chalet, Combe Petite, Combe Grande, Font de l'Orme, Font en Gui, la Croze (ruins), Garille, Grambaud, La Grange, le Moulin, Moulin de Vignore, Pech Marie, Rude Mine, la Valette d'Artoul, and la Valouvière.
- Topographical feature: la Crose (329m), Montpeyrous (219m), Mourral de las Piouses (161m), and Pech Jalabert (322m).
- Water Sources: Font de Clavel, Fontaine Blanche, and Fount de Cussou.
- Streams: Ruissseau de Garille, de Gazel, de la Combe Auzine, de la Combe Bertrand, de la Combe des Baysses, de la Combe Petite, de la Valette, de Malmajou, de Malrégas, de Pratjon, de Racaudy, de Trapel, de Vallouvière, des Joies, and du Berger.
- Forests: les Affenadous, Bois de Moure, Bosc de Bez, le Carrétal de la Sourde, la Crose, Montpeyrous, Pech Jalabert, le Pin des Balles, and Plaine de Montolieu.
- Vineyards: Magrie and le Sidobre.
- Pathways: Chemin de la Moulinasse and Chemin de la Plaine de la Bouiche.
Other Places: Champ du Saule, Clapier d'Amen, Clapier Rouge, l'Espinal, la Croix du Carabier, Larjale, le Malrégas, les Précieuses, Mont Feste, Mourrel de la Crose, Mourrel Redon, Pechicous, Plateau d'Aragon, and Pratjon.
There are remains from the Bronze Age (2000 BC) which were found in a cave. In 1820 a fragment with a Gallo-Roman funerary inscription was discovered.
In the 10th century Aragon belonged to the Abbey of Montolieu but, from the beginning of the 12th century, traces of the Lords of Aragon have been found. They then had large areas of land but they seem to have followed the Cathar cause. They were thus deprived of their property by the Inquisition although they received financial compensation. Their fief was then shared between the Royal Domain and the bishopric of Carcassonne but, even without the protection of lords, Catharism still survived in the village.
The village experienced a period of prosperity in the late 18th century when looms for supplying the clothiers at Carcassonne brought additional revenue to the community.
In the 17th century, the lordship of Aragon belonged to Sebastian de Maurel, whose daughter, Anne de Maurel d'Aragon, was married in 1726 at Aragon to Pierre de Bancalis, giving birth to the noble family Bancalis de Maurel d'Aragon.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 426 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Aragon is part of the Cabardès AOC
Sites and Monuments
- Church of Saint Mary from the 1st quarter of the 14th century.
- Stone Cross from the 15th century.
- Castle from the late 16th - early 17th centuries.
- Dry Stone space
- Museum of old winery tools
- Communes of the Aude department
- Aragon website (French)
- AOC Cabardès website
- Aragon on the Cassini Map (French)
- Aragon on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
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