Aragvi River

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Coordinates: 41°50′24″N 44°43′34″E / 41.84003°N 44.72611°E / 41.84003; 44.72611
Aragvi (Georgian: არაგვი)
River
Aragvi-mtskheta.jpg
The Aragvi (right) meets the Mtkvari at Mtskheta
Country Georgia
Region Caucasus
Source Caucasus
 - location Gudauri, Mtiuleti, Georgia
 - elevation 1,045 m (3,428 ft) [1]
 - coordinates 42°20′41″N 44°41′42″E / 42.34459°N 44.69502°E / 42.34459; 44.69502
Mouth flows into the Mtkvari
 - location Mtskheta, Georgia
 - elevation 445 m (1,460 ft) [2]
 - coordinates 41°50′24″N 44°43′34″E / 41.84003°N 44.72611°E / 41.84003; 44.72611
Length 112 km (70 mi)
Basin 2,724 km2 (1,052 sq mi)

The Aragvi River (Georgian: არაგვი) and its basin are located in Georgia on the southern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains. The river is 112 km. long, and its basin covers an area of 2,724 km.² The ground strata is mostly sandstone, slate, and limestone. The Jinvali Dam and its 130 MW. hydro-electric power station generate much of Georgia’s power, and its construction in 1986 formed the Jinvali Reservoir, upon whose north-western shores rises Ananuri castle with its seventeenth-century Church of the Assumption.

Confusion over the river's name and course[edit]

Given its etymology (see below; the word simply means "river"), the exact course of the Aragvi River is the source of some confusion. The river has several important tributaries, all called "aragvi":

The White Aragvi[3] flows from Gudauri down to the town of Pasanauri, where it is joined by the Black Aragvi,[4] the main river of Gudamakari to the north-east. Together, the black and white aragvis continue as, simply, "the Aragvi"; from Pasanauri, the Aragvi flows south-east to the Jinvali Reservoir, where it is joined by the Pshav Aragvi[5] (itself fed by the Khevsur Aragvi)[6] before flowing south to merge with the Mtkvari River by Mtskheta, Eastern Georgia's ancient capital just north of Tbilisi.

Etymology[edit]

See არაგვი for the origin of the name.

Usage & infrastructure[edit]

The 102 m.-high dam by Jinvali is one of the largest in Georgia. Besides generating up to 130 MW. of electricity, the waters of the Aragvi are also fed down a 36.7 km.-long pipe to provide drinking water in Tbilisi and are used to for irrigating fields downstream.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Soviet General Staff Maps, 1:50,000 series, sheet K-38-54-W
  2. ^ Soviet General Staff Maps, 1:50,000 series, sheet M-38-78-A
  3. ^ Georgian: თეთრი არაგვი, tetri aragvi. Source: approx. 42°31'27.13"N, 44°24'2.40"E
  4. ^ Georgian: შავი არაგვი, shavi aragvi. Source: approx. 42°27'25.18"N, 44°42'40.80"E
  5. ^ Georgian: ფშავის არაგვი, pshavis aragvi. Source: approx. 42°23'57.01"N, 45°8'42.74"E
  6. ^ Georgian: ხევსურეთის არაგვი, khevsuretis aragvi. Source: approx. 42°33'45.75"N, 44°57'12.78"E