Arakkonam

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Arakkonaam
Town
Arakkonaam is located in Tamil Nadu
Arakkonaam
Arakkonaam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 13°06′N 79°40′E / 13.100°N 79.667°E / 13.100; 79.667Coordinates: 13°06′N 79°40′E / 13.100°N 79.667°E / 13.100; 79.667
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Vellore
Population (2011)
 • Total 78,395
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 631001
Vehicle registration TN-73

Arakkonam (also "Arkonam") is a mid-sized town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, with a population of about 101,626 as per the census 2011. This town is located in the Vellore District about 69 kilometres (43 mi) (via rail) from the state capital of Chennai. Arakkonam is one of the hottest towns in India, where the temperature can exceed 43 °C (110 °F) for several peak days in the summer. As of 2011, the town had a population of 78,395.

History[edit]

The name of the town is believed to have been derived from the Tamil word Aaru konam meaning [ Aaru tend to mean Six corners joined to form a shape means hexagon (ancient name was "arunthamizh kundram"), since, six important places on its six sides namely Kanchipuram, [Thakkolam], [konalam], [Thiruvalangadu], [Tiruttani] and Sholinghurr. And Paranji is at the vicinity of Arakkonam. Arakkonam is one of the most important Joint Junctions of Indian Railways in South India under the Southern Railways that is why Arakkonam is called as Arakkonam Joint Junction. The first train to south India was from Mumbai (formerly called Bombay) to Royapuram (Chennai) via Arakkonam. Arakkonam Joint Junction (AJJ) is one of the oldest Junctions in the country connecting major cities such as Bangalore, Mumbai, Goa, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Coimbatore, Tirupati, Mangalore and Thiruvananthapuram.[1]

Municipality[edit]

The Arakkonam Municipality was constituted as 3rd Grade Municipality on 01.10.1958, it was upgraded as 2nd grade municipality on 1.5.1974 and now it is a 1st grade municipality from 17.4.1984. The area of this municipality is 9.06 km2. This is also one of the assembly and parliamentary constituencies.

This municipality contains 36 wards.

Anglo-Indian Community[edit]

A large Anglo-Indian Community thrived here. Almost all Rail Drivers & Guards were Anglo-Indian. Some of the famous drivers in Arakkonam were William Doyle, Eugene D'Cruz, Donald Johnson, Frank Adie, Archie Besterwitch, Gana Agustus, Maxy Gaughn, George Jeremiah, Royston Monteen, Phillip Marshall, Phillip Jeremiah,Geoffery Doyle, Jude Corneille, Ronald Dias, Fredrick Besterwitch, Dezy Dickson, Desmond Gleeson, Joe Renaux, Cyril Renaux, Don Cornielle, Nicholas, Robson, Luxor, Billy Tennent, Denny Fenwick, Gauvis Fowler, Tony Scurville, Roy Clarke, Denzel Walker and many more legends.

Almost all the children studied in the Railway High School till year 6 or 7 and then moved on to boarding schools like St. Bedes, St Patricks, St. Georges and Holy Angels Convent Madras and Presentation Convent in Villupuram.

Some of the most famous Anglo-Indian teachers were Ms Lazaro, Gwen Johnson, Rita Tennent, Gladys White, Mercy Payne, Marlene D'Brass.

The community was very closeknit and used to have some great dances and events at Christmas time.

From the early 1920s to the late 1970s the railway colony was filled with Anglos. After that they started moving abroad to Australia, England and to other Indian Cities like Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore.

There is still a small community left behind.

Some famous people who had their roots in Arakkonam Andrea Jeremiah - Tamil Actress, [[Anthony (film editor)|Editor Anthony](Lewellyn)] - The best Editor in India, Kerry Monteen - Bollywood.Tamil serial and movie actor Joyson

Urban infrastructure[edit]

Arakkonam Junction railway station (AJJ) is third largest railway junction in Vellore district next to Vellore Katpadi and Jolarpet. It strategically located at the intersection of the Chennai-Bangalore line and the Guntakal-Chennai line, which is part of Mumbai-Chennai line. Mostly all trains stop at this junction, except some super fast trains. The town has one of the biggest workshops for Southern Railway, known as the Engineering Workshop (EWS)] and the Electric Loco Shed (ELS). A frequent suburban electric train facility is also available towards Chennai.

The second biggest Food Corporation of India (FCI) godown is located at Arakkonam in Tamil Nadu. It is used to store all types of food grains for a long periods.

Transport is also available by road to all major cities and towns.

The runway at INS Rajali, a naval air force of the Indian Navy in Arakkonam is 4,500 metres in length, making it the second longest airforce runway in South Asia. It is also Asia's second biggest Naval Training Centre. The esteemed organisation in Arakkonam is the Indian Railways - Engineering Workshop Shops (EWS) which has many Employees serving the Indian Railways in various process related with fabrication and processing of various metal components for the railways. Most of the machines in these workshops are a century old and some of them are working.

There are other industries like MRF (Madras Rubber Factory), Ultratech Cements, Ramco Industries, Best and Crompton Exports all located in Arakkonam.

Many official buildings in Arakkonam were built during the British era. There is an underpass which connects Arakkonam and Kanchipuram beneath the railway track and is one of the oldest structures in Arakkonam having manufactured by lime Mortar and Stones. Arakkonam Fire Station, built in 1925, is one of the oldest fire stations in the nation.

Some major town include T.N.Nagar, Dr.B.R.Ambedkar Nagar,ABM Church,Kurinjhi nagar, Shah nagar, Stuartpet, Nehruji Nagar, Ganesh Nagar, Jothi Nagar, Geeta Nagar, Ashok Nagar, Town Hall streets, Winterpet and Sholinghur Road,Gandhi road,Palinipet, S.R. Gate (Southern Railway Gate), Griblespet TNHB, venkatesapuram.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Arakonam had a population of 78,395 with a sex-ratio of 1,020 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[2] A total of 7,727 were under the age of six, constituting 3,995 males and 3,732 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 27.1% and 1.11% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 81.81%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[2] The town had a total of 19507 households. There were a total of 26,029 workers, comprising 80 cultivators, 206 main agricultural labourers, 674 in house hold industries, 21,857 other workers, 3,212 marginal workers, 42 marginal cultivators, 33 marginal agricultural labourers, 156 marginal workers in household industries and 2,981 other marginal workers.[3]

Culture[edit]

Language[edit]

Tamil is the official language and spoken by the majority of the people. Since, it is the border town municipality to Andhra Pradesh, Telugu is widely spoken here.

Politics[edit]

Arakkonam (State Assembly Constituency) is part of the Arakkonam (Lok Sabha constituency).[4] The ADMK candidate S. Ravi won Arakkonam assembly constituency in the 2011 elections. Recently, in the parliamentary elections held in 2009, the DMK candidate Mr.Jagathratchagan got elected as an MP from this constituency. In the just concluded 2014 Lok Sabha elections, G.Hari of AIADMK wrested the seat from the DMK with victory margin of over 2,40,000 votes. He polled 493534 votes while the DMK candidate N.R. Elango polled just 252768 votes. And Mr.S.Kannadasan of AIADMK won chairman bi election

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Arakonam". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 31 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-08.