Aral, Ala'er or Alar (simplified Chinese: 阿拉尔; traditional Chinese: 阿拉爾; pinyin: Ālā'ěr; Uyghur: ئارال, ULY: Aral is a sub-prefecture-level city in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, in the People's Republic of China. Aral in Uighur means "island." Official spelling is 'Aral' but it is often written as 'Alar'.
This is the city of Tarim University, which was created to assist in the development of the area, that extends into the Taklamakan Desert. This has been achieved by irrigation. Aral has a population of 166,205 (2010).
Coordinates: 40°30′56″N 81°15′49″E / 40.51556°N 81.26361°E / 40.51556; 81.26361
Ethnic minority autonomous areas: Hui · Korean · Manchu · Miao · Mongol · Tibetan · Tujia · Uyghur · Yao · Yi · Zhuang · Other
aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities.
3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbir, Inner Mongolia as part of it.
4Only administers islands and waters in South China Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China.
5The claimed province of Taiwan no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead.