Aram Shah

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Aram Shah (probably reigned 1210–1211) was the second sultan of the Mamluk Sultanate (Slave Dynasty).[1]

Origins[edit]

The relationship of Aram with Qutb-ud-din Aibak (1206–1210) is a subject of controversy.[2][3] According to some, he was Aibak's son, but Minhaj-i-Siraj distinctly writes that Qutb-ud-din only had three daughters. Abul Fazl has made the "astonishing statement" that he was the Sultan's brother. A modern writer has hazarded the opinion that "he was no relation of Qutub-ud-din" but was selected as his successor as he was available on the spot.

Succession[edit]

There were no fixed rules governing the succession in the Sultanate, Aram being selected by Turkish amirs at Lahore.[4] Aram was ill-qualified to govern a kingdom. The Chihalgani soon conspired against him and invited Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, then Governor of Badaun, to replace Aram. Iltutmish responded to their call, and, advancing with his entire army, defeated Aram on the plain of Bagh-i Jud near Delhi in 1211.[5]

It is unclear whether Aram was martyred, killed in battle or executed in prison.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava (1966). The Sultanate of Delhi, 711-1526 A.D. Shiva Lal Agarwala. pp. 92–93. 
  2. ^ Peter Jackson, The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History, (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 29.
  3. ^ C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, (Columbia University Press, 1996), 300.
  4. ^ Satish Chandra, Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals, Part One, (Har-Anand Publications, 2013), 39.
  5. ^ Peter Jackson, The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History, 29.
  6. ^ Peter Jackson, The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History, 29.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Qutb-ud-din Aybak
Slave Dynasty
1206–1290
Succeeded by
Shams ud din Iltutmish
Preceded by
Qutb-ud-din Aybak
Sultan of Delhi
1210–1211
Succeeded by
Shams ud din Iltutmish