Entry to Aramits
|Intercommunality||Vallée de Barétous|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Daniel Lourtau|
|• Land1||29.55 km2 (11.41 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||23/km2 (59/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64029 / 64570|
|Elevation||212–628 m (696–2,060 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and Heritage
- 8 Facilities
- 9 Notable people linked to the commune
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and references
Aramits is located in part of the Barétous valley, the westernmost of the three main valleys of Béarn crossing the Pyrenees. It is located some 15 km south-west of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and 3 km north of Arette.
Access is by the D919 road from Ance in the north-east to the village then continuing to Lanne-en-Baretous in the south-west. There are also the minor roads D659 from the village north to join the D159 on the northern border and the D133 which goes south from the village to Arette.
Bus route 848 of the Inter-urban network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, which connects La Pierre Saint-Martin (a ski resort in Arette) to Oloron-Sainte-Marie, has a stop in Aramits.
Located in the catchment area of the Adour, the commune is bisected from south-west to north-east by : Le Vert a tributary of the Gave d'Oloron which gathers many tributaries of its own in the commune including the Aurone, the Lancy, the Littos, the Talou Gros, and also by the arrècs of Bugalaran, Bitole (as well its tributary the Rachet), Ibarcis, and Labaigt (and by its tributary the Audore).
The tributaries of the Joos: the Arriou de Sulu and the Bouhatéko erreka (with the Dragon) also flow through the commune.
- Villa Barétous
- Fontaine Bugalaran
- Bois de Bugangue
- Borde Estanguet
- Granges Cachau
- Coig de Lamothe
- La Gloriette
- Lac de Bas
- Lamothe (2 localities)
- Lanne de Haut
- Laude Bousquet
- Grange Lerdou
- Grange de Lurbet
- Les Murs
- Olivé de Haut
- Olivé de Baig
- Grange d'Osse
- Les Pernes
- Grange de Pradet
- Bois de Rachet
- Pont de Rachou
- Talou Andichou
- Talou Piarroch
- Tembla de la Loupère
- Tos de Haut
- Les Trois Arbres
The name Aramits appears in the forms:
- Aramiçs (1270, Titles of the Valley of Ossau)
- Aramitz en Baratons (1376, Contract of Luntz)
- Iramitz (1383, Contract of Luntz)
- Sent-Vinsens d'Aramitz (1606, Insinuations of the diocese of Oloron),
- Aramys (1630, Map: le Païs de Béarn)
- Aramits on the Cassini Map (end of the 18th century) (French))
For Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, the origin of the name is Basque from aran ("valley") and -itz (a locative and collective suffix) giving "place of valleys" or "confluence". It would also indicate that the inhabitants were once nicknamed grenouilles (frogs) (a name for the inhabitants of wetlands).
The Arrigau is a hydronym denoting a stream that rises in Arette and joins with Le Vert in Aramits. It was cited in 1538 (lo Ariu aperat la Rigau, Reformation of Béarn) and in 1863 (l'Arrigas, Topographical Dictionary of Béarn Basque Country) under different spellings.
The Bois de Bugangue was located, in 1863, on the territory of Asasp. It appears with the spelling of lo Boscq de Buyangue in 1477 in the Titles of the Aspe valley. Bugangue Creek, the name of a tributary of the Mielle, ran through Asasp and Gurmençon in 1863.
- l'Espiritu d'Osse (1385, Census of Béarn)
- La Grange de Osse ab une petite gleysi (1538, reformation of Béarn).
The name Calangué refers to a stream called Le Calangue mentioned by the topographical dictionary-Béarn Basque Country (1863) which rises in the Bois de Budangue and flows into the Dandarou, a tributary of Le Vert.
Gouloume appears with the spelling Goulomme in 1863 (Topographical Dictionary of Béarn Basque-Country) and designated at that time a forest.
Lanne de Haut is closer to another locality of Aramits which is now the commune of Lanne-en-Barétous. This name has been mentioned in the forms:
- Lane (1385, Census of Béarn)
- Lana (1444, Rules of the Major Court of Béarn)
- Sanctus Martinus de Lanne (1673, insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron)
Olivé designats a farm in the commune already cited in the form Oliber in 1538 (Reformation of Béarn).
Serreuille is a hamlet in Aramits mentioned with the spellings:
- Seruilhe (1376 Military Inspection of Béarn)
- Sarrulhe-Susoo and Sarrulhe-Jusoo (1385 for these two forms, Census of Béarn).
In 1385, there were 52 fires at Aramits and it depended on the bailiwick of Oloron. Shortly before (in 1375), the priest of Aramits played the role of mediator in conflicts between the Spaniards and the French which gave birth to the treaty called the Junta de Roncal.
In 1790, the Canton of Aramits also included Esquiule.
On 13 March 2000 Aramits was hit by an earthquake of magnitude 4.2.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
Aramits is part of five inter-communal structures:
- The Community of communes of the Barétous Valley;
- The SIVU for Tourism in Haute-Soule and Barétous;
- The SIVU La Verna;
- The Energy Association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- The Intercommunal association for study and management of the watershed of Le Vert and its tributaries.
In 2009 the commune had 677 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
The parish church of Saint-Vincent is a former Lay Abbey which remains a portal to the 17th century. The old church was demolished in 1880. From 1884 to 1886 the construction of the new Romanesque-Byzantine style church took place. It has been enrolled in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage since 2003.
The commune has a primary school.
Sports and sports facilities
The commune was home to Henri d'Aramitz, the son of Charles Aramitz and a sergeant in the company of musketeers, who was the inspiration for Aramis in the novels The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas.
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, Géoportail, consulted on 30 November 2011 (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Basque Country - Paul Raymond (French)
- Luntz, Notary of Béarn, manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Manuscripts from the 17th century - Departmental; archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn, 2006, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (French)
- Manuscript from the 16th to the 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and the Town Hall of Accous
- The Abbey of Pontaut was founded in 1115 and was located at Mant in Landes
- Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Manuscripts from the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Manuscript from 1376 - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 8 November 2011 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000502 Church of Saint-Vincent (French)
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